4 things all articles must have don't forget!

4 Things ALL Articles Must Have - Don't Forget! The importance of articles in today’s websites and internet based companies are immeasurable. They dictate a lot in the success and the drive of traffic into one’s site. It has become a key element in making a site work and earns a profit. A website operator and owner must have the good sense to include articles in his or her site that will work for them and earn them the many benefits articles can give to their site. Articles have been known to be the driving force in driving traffic to a website. Articles are a factor in giving site high rankings in search result pages.

The higher a site ranks the bigger slice of the traffic flow pie he gets. With a huge number in traffic flow, there are more profits and more potential for other income generating schemes as well. But, it is not just about stuffing your site with articles; they have certain requirements as well. These requirements must be met to obtain the maximum benefits an article will provide for your site.

A well written article will catch the eyes and interest of your customers and keep them coming back for more. They would also be able to recommend your site to others. Here are some tips to help you and assist you in making your articles. Below you will read about four things all articles must have to make it successful and helpful in making your site a profit earning and traffic overflowing site. • Keywords and Keyword Phrases. An article must always be centered on the keywords and keyword phrases. As each website visitor goes to a site, there are those who are just merely browsing but actually looking for a specific something. When this happens, a searcher usually goes to a search engine and types in the keywords they are looking for (e. g. Toyota Camry, Meningitis, Tax Lawyer and Etcetera). It could be anything they want.

The Important thing is that you have an article that has the keywords that are related to your site. For example, if you maintain an auto parts site, you must be able t have articles about cars and their parts. There are many tools in the internet that provides service in helping a webmaster out in determining what keywords and keyword phrases are mostly sought out. You can use this tool to determine what keywords to use and write about. • Keyword Density Know that you have your keywords and keyword phrases, you must use them fully. An article must have good keyword density for a search engine to “feel” its presence. Articles should at least have ten to fifteen percent of keyword density in their content for search engines to rank a site high in their search results. Getting a high rank is what articles do best for a site. Keyword density is the number of times a keyword or keyword phrase is used on an article. The number varies depending on the number of words used in an article. An effective article must have a keyword density that is not too high or too low. With a very high density, the essence of the article is lost and may turn off a reader as well as the search engines. It comes off as overeager. A low number may be ignored by the search engines. • Good Article Content Like what is stated above, you cannot just riddle an article with keywords. They must also be regarded as good reading materials. Articles must be able to entertain people as well as provide good information and help for their needs. Articles should be written well with correct spelling and good grammar. If you want people to trust you, make your work good and well thought out. People respond well to figures, facts and statistics. Try to get great information and as many facts as you can. A good and well written article will boost your reputation as an expert in your chosen field or topic. As more people believe in you. They will be able to trust you and your products. • Linking Articles And another important thing to remember. If you are going to submit articles to ezines and/or contribute your articles to newsletters and other sites, DON’T ever forget to include a link to your site. A little resource box with a brief description of your site and you should always be placed right after your articles that you have submitted. If people like your articles, they will most likely click on the link directing them to your site.

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Add extra value to your art work part one

There are several things that you might not have thought of, that add extra value to your artwork and can make it worth more money when you come to sell it. I'm not talking here about reworking pieces you feel haven't come up to scratch. Yes, it is sometimes possible to rescue a less than perfect watercolour by using a pen and ink technique, and you can paint right over parts of an oil or acrylic painting to in effect completely rework the area, but here I am talking about techniques that don't involve changing your artwork in any way. Sometimes you only need to put a cardboard mount around a painting to bring it out of the doldrums, and there is no doubt that the right mount and frame can do wonders for a slightly mediocre piece of art. For a sculpture, or a piece of ceramics, the right stand and appropriate lighting can make a big difference to the way it displays, but after you've made sure that your artwork is being displayed to its best what else can you do to add to its worth? The first and most important thing you should do is make sure that your artwork is signed legibly. It's surprising how many people forget to sign their art, but it makes a big difference to the buyer. A signed piece of work is worth more money than an unsigned one, and it doesn't matter whether you sign it on the front, at the top or bottom, within the composition, or even on the back, just as long as you sign it. If you have an illegible signature spare a thought for future generations trying to make out what it says and wondering whether they have a piece by a famous artist. The first thing almost everybody wants to know about any piece of artwork is who made it, what's the name of the artist. If it's unsigned it's almost as though you didn't rate it enough to put your name to it, and if you don't rate it no one else will either. The second thing you need to do, in order to add value to your art, is to give it a title. Now, some people don't like titling their work because they feel that it pigeonholes it and in some way restricts the viewer to seeing it within a particular set of conceptual boundaries, so if you are one of these people then you should really consider calling it 'Untitled'. Even with the title that says 'Untitled', a piece of work is worth more money than if it doesn't have a title at all. Artwork without a title leaves the potential buyer wondering whether perhaps it had a title once that has been lost, it leaves the buyer with an unanswered question and means they are less likely to buy it and more likely to move on to another piece instead. Along with the title, your artwork would benefit from a short explanation about it. The more a buyer knows about a piece of work the more likely they are to buy it. If you think about it by putting yourself in the buyer's shoes for a moment, if you're faced with two pieces of work which are similar and you like them both, but you know nothing about one and quite a lot about the other, which one would you buy? Of course you would be much more likely to buy a piece of artwork that had information about it, because you'd feel more involved with it, you'd understand something about its history and about the person that created it, so it has more meaning for you and you feel a connection with it right from the start. The short explanation or description about your piece of art can say whatever you want it to, there are no rules, but it's useful to tell people either what it's about or what it means to you. One thing you don't want to do is tell people what it should mean to them, the viewer or buyer of your artwork wants to be able to decide for themselves what the piece means to them, and it doesn't matter if it's something entirely different from what it means to you. Most people buying artwork do like to know what it was you meant as you created it, or what drove you to create the piece the way it is. This can mean telling them something about you, your thought processes as you were beginning and working through the piece, or maybe what was going on in your life at the time you were creating this piece of art. You might decide to tell them about something you'd seen or heard that affected you in a particular way and that prompted you to express something specific with this particular medium. You might be telling them that this particular piece of art is one of a collection from your 'blue period', or your 'impressionistic landscape period', or whatever. If you don't really want to give this information away, then perhaps instead you could describe the medium you have used, the particular techniques you've employed in using this medium and even the length of time it took you to create the piece. Really any information you give about the piece is better than no information at all, and it doesn't matter whether the potential buyer understands your concept or not, it still makes it more attractive to them to know that there was an intention of one sort or another behind the original idea.

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New invention ideas

A few more new invention ideas. Read about them, laugh at them if you must, modify them, use them and call them your own if you want. Air conditioning shirt. Backpacking in hot weather, I often stop to wet my shirt in a stream. The evaporative cooling as it dries is wonderful. Now if a shirt had little water "tanks" on the shoulders, a shirt could be kept wet and keep cooling for hours, perhaps. They would have to be lightweight, and they would have to release the water slowly. Even better would be tanks with an adjustable rate of flow, so you could have the shirt wetted at the same rate is was drying. Motorskimobile. This is a motorcycle for snow.

It would run on a track like a snowmobile, but it would be a different kind of ride. The user would be sitting higher, just like on a motorcycle, and would be able to maneuver tighter turns. It could also go down narrow trails more easily. Wave power generators.

As kids, we roped, chained and tried everything we could think of to keep our raft anchored. When the waves came, though, even the chains broke. Why not use this lifting power of the waves to run a generator? The whole unit would be anchored to the bottom of the lake, or ocean. A float would move up and down with the waves, lifting and dropping a plunger that turns a generator with each movement. Additional units could be easily added to a collection, and the resulting electricity wired to shore. Caskets for possessions. A novelty invention, the idea here is to have something to bury your favorite possessions in when they are broken or otherwise "dead." A wall that changes colors. You have probably seen those billboards that use three-sided rotating panels to instantly change the picture on the sign. There are three possible views, of course. The new idea here is to apply this invention to walls for homes. When you get bored with the color of the wall, you push a button and it changes to another color, or a mural, or whichever of the three choices you set it up with. Paintings that change. This is the same concept as the above invention. It's just scaled down to a frame that can display any of three prints with the push of a button. Disposable picnic backpacks. They are plastic, strong enough for a few days use, and come with the snacks and bottle water already in them. Buy one for each of the kids before you hit the hiking trail. Chip dip tubes. No more messy bowls of stale, drying chip dip with broken chips in it. Instead, you just apply the dip from a toothpaste-like tube, directly onto the chip. You get exactly the right amount, with less mess. They could be sold in six packs, so everyone can have their own tube. Hmm... What else can be put in tubes? What size should the tubes be? Here's a concept ripe for some new invention ideas.

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Spy like a professional

Spies are one of the most popular characters in movies. One of the most famous spies we know of is James Bond, whom we all love to watch. While being a spy is more of a fantasy than a real life job, there are many all around us covertly working for the FBI or CIA. Working as a real life spy is one of the most challenging and intense careers. The training and work ethic requires only the best of the best. Working for one of those organizations is about as close as it gets to being a spy. You’re not going to be a flashy, save the girl and save the world type while saving the world in point five seconds before it is destroyed. You will complete missions around the world and may have a large impact in world events. Being a spy is one of the most influential careers out there, as your spy surveillance will help the world leader make some of the most difficult decisions they will face day to day. While you may not get the laser watches and missile launching cars that you see all of the time in the Bond or other spy movies, the surveillance products are high tech. Much of the equipment in these movies is available in real life such as listening devices like bugs or hidden cameras to record the evidence that our justice system requires. These items and all of the real life spy equipment are available in spyassociates. com. © 2005 Copyright spyassociates. com.

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Do it yourself credit repair

Good credit is key to economic success. You may not give to much thought to your credit report, but good credit lets you do a lot of things that most people take for granted: get a credit card, rental a car, obtain a loan, or even get an apartment. Missed payments to a creditor, or defaulting on a loan altogether, creates black marks that are recorded on your credit report when your creditor reports them to a credit bureau. Too many missed payments or defaulted loans will leave you with no option but to start the credit repair process, otherwise, your applications for credit cards or other loans will be turned down consistently until you do. A quick search in the classified ads or on the internet for credit repair will give you tons of offers from credit repair companies offering a quick fix to your credit problems. Most of these companies have aggressive marketing strategies that promise to fix your credit report fast for a nominal fee. Be very cautious with these companies and deal with them at your own risk – many are not only scams, but also in most cases you can fix your own credit more effectively by doing it yourself. Remember: there is nothing a credit repair company can do for you that you can't do for yourself. Even though credit repair companies might imply otherwise, they can’t erase poor marks on your credit rating and they have no influence over the credit bureau. Most likely, the credit repair company will probably tell you to obtain a copy your current credit report and to challenge any negative items on it. You can do this yourself without actually paying someone to tell you to do it. Sometimes, credit repair companies may even recommend that you perform activities that aren’t even legal to “fix” your credit. They might encourage you to begin working on a "new" credit rating by changing your banking information and address. Not only is this procedure illegal, it is usually ineffective. You are better off going through the credit repair process on your own. An online search will yield detailed sites with step-by-step instructions. Again, beware the source. Your best bet is going through a government-affiliate site or one that is put together by a trusted organization. The best approach to credit repair is to first obtain a copy your credit report from the credit bureau. Examine the report closely, line by line, and make sure to challenge any errors on the report, in writing, to the agency that reported it. Challenge only items that are genuine. If your report is free of errors, you will need to repair your credit in the traditional fashion, usually involving obtaining a secured credit card that you use regularly, making regular payments on the balance. This will slowly improve your credit rating. Most importantly, be patient and make smart budgeting decisions. Credit repair is not a quick process, and you will find that you are able to pay off your creditors given enough time. By making payments regularly and not defaulting on any loans, your credit score will eventually prove that you are eligible for credit. Although this method of credit repair is not a fast process, it is truly effective. By doing your own credit repair, you will be far more successful than if you were to employ a credit repair company.

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Online debt consolidation loans just a click away

“It’s a new world out there,” was something I was told when I was little. Today, I realize that it sure is!! The speed with which technology is fast developing today is quite enthralling. It began with computers, infrastructure and then, the internet. Well, it’s high time this mass network be put to use, not only for its efficiency but also for it’s speed. Thanks to it, today, “loans” are just a click away!! Debt Consolidation Loans replace your multiple existing loans and debts with a single consolidated loan from another creditor altogether.

A debt consolidation process brings together your pending debts and multiple payments like store, gas and phone bills, medical bills, taxes, overdue rent etc. This consolidation reduces your monthly payments by lowering the interest rate or extending the repayment period or sometimes both. So finally all you have to do is pay off one loan by making single monthly payments. The creditor of this loan corresponds with all your previous lenders and you no longer have to deal with them. The main attraction of this loan is its low interest rate. Debt Consolidation Loans that are applied for and dealt with online, are called Online Debt Consolidation Loans. Online Debt Consolidation Loans are very efficient and time saving.

Instead of walking into a bank the traditional way, these loans allow you to apply online. The internet presents you with an opportunity to find detailed information on all the loans available, interest rates, repayment options, credit scores and lists of the innumerable companies offering them. With Online Debt Consolidation, you can compare quotes, choose your loan, fill out the required documents, apply for the loan, get an answer and manage your finances, all from the comfort of your home. There are infinite loan companies that provide the online facility. It is not only easy for you but also for your creditors to deal with all their clients without having to personally visit them. They can maintain records and keep you informed by the minute. To find the best deals, you can simply start off with a search engine by typing “Online Debt Consolidation Loans”. From there, look up companies and check for reviews to see which are the most reliable when it comes to online debt consolidation.

It may be a good idea to ask the company you are thinking of using, for references from former clients that had similar debt problems. Remember: •There are endless online debt consolidation programs available on the internet. Get as many quotes as possible. Find out about interest rates, repayment options, security or collateral needed, etc. Dig out all the information before getting one. •Get references from former clients that had similar debt problems. •Be vigilant about fine prints, lender fees and hidden costs. If in doubt, clarify with your lender; once the agreement is signed, the terms are binding to both parties. •Do not hesitate in taking the help of legal experts. •Always be cautious and keep an eye out for fraud. Online Debt Consolidation Loans facilitate you further by allowing you to make your payments online as well. It uses your savings account number to wire money into your new consolidation loan. There is, as with anything, always a fear of being a victim of fraud when it comes to online dealings. Always remember that fraudulent companies will provide minimum information about themselves while extracting maximum out of you. Do not apply: •When there is a fee for application. •When there is no customer service or representative help. •When the company is not reputable. •And even if your instincts just tell you so. When it comes to managing your debt quickly, easily, and conveniently, Online Debt Consolidation Loans may be ideal for you. They help individuals research, apply, and use debt reduction programs in order to take charge of their debt. Look around and talk to people before committing to any lender. It sure pays off to take full responsibility for your own finances. All of it can happen through a series of mouse clicks and keystrokes. Get your deal right away!

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Diagnosing crohn s disease how to get a diagnosis

Diagnosing Crohn’s Disease is often a difficult process. Because it mimics other diseases, Crohn’s may appear to be a myriad of other ailments. Likewise, the symptoms experienced vary from patient to patient, so there are no set guidelines to follow or sings that intrinsically point to Crohn’s. There is not a single to test to establish the existence of Crohn’s Disease definitively. However, there are several procedures that are done to ascertain if Crohn’s, as well as other digestive tract disorders, are at fault for symptoms being experienced. One such area of examination is stool samples. It must first be determined that the inflammation in the bowels is not the result of an infection. With Crohn’s, inflammation occurs as though there is an infection, but none exists. Therefore, obtaining this information may rule out many possible culprits. Other tests that may be done are blood tests, a colonoscopy, a flexible sigmoidoscopy, a barium enema, small bowel x-rays, a capsule endoscopy, or a CT scan. Blood tests may be used to check for signs of infection as well as anemia. As stated above, the existence of an infection would rule out Crohn’s disease. However, if anemia is present, Crohn’s may be more likely. One of the possible symptoms of Crohn’s Disease is rectal and intestinal bleeding. Due to this excessive blood loss, many people will become anemic. Therefore, the existence or nonexistence of anemia is another step in diagnosing digestive disorders. Another option is a colonoscopy. This procedure is done with the insertion of a lighted tube with an attached camera through the rectum into the colon to check for signs of Crohn’s Disease. However, there are risks to this procedure, including perforating the colon wall and bleeding as a result. Another consideration is that Crohn’s Disease may only occur in the small intestine and not the colon; therefore this procedure would be ineffective in that case. Similar to a colonoscopy is a flexible sigmoidoscopy, which is the long tube without the camera. The doctor would check for similar things as in a colonoscopy and the same side effects exist. However, this procedure can only examine the last two feet of your colon and would be ineffective on diagnosing problems in higher regions. A barium enema may be used to provide a silhouette o the digestive tract through an x-ray after barium is inserted in enema form. This, like the other tests that are used, is not as effective as a colonoscopy but may provide valuable clues.

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Online continuing education does it pass your tests

Find out how to make sure you’re ready for online continuing education. Learn how to choose the best online school for your needs. Never before has it been so easy to pursue the task of continuing education and improving your skills. The trends online for continuing education are to make it easier than ever before to get your degree… regardless of the type of degree you’re after. Everything from a certificate of completion to completing your doctorate…you can find a way to do it online.

Home schooling isn’t just for the kids anymore. The Internet is the key to helping you to further your education and acquire the skills that will help you further your career all from the comfort of home. Yes, it all sound great, but there are some pitfalls to continuing education online. First off as you pursue continuing education and home schooling, make sure the university or company offering the course or the degree is a reputable and accredited school.

This can make a world of difference for potential employers and in the quality of your learning. Not all continuing education online providers are reputable. Check references and accreditations carefully. If you’re pursuing the degree and your current employer will foot the bill, make sure the online university you choose is one approved by your company. The school should be accredited by one of six regional agencies. If you don’t find one of these agencies listed, check with the U. S. Department of Education to see if the accrediting agency is real and acceptably recognized. If not, it’s probably better to make a different choice of schools for your continuing education needs. Secondly, make sure you’re ready for online continuing education.

Learning online is different from traditional classroom style learning. For example, the phrase, “learn at your own pace,” sounds great, but it could mean disaster if you’re not disciplined and tend to procrastinate. You must be able to self-direct and motivate yourself to complete the assigned tasks in a reasonable time frame. There’s no teacher or class meeting creating the deadlines for you. The costs for continuing education online can vary anywhere from $30.00 per class to as much as $1000.00 per class. You may be able to get financial assistance if you’re taking online classes to meet college degree requirements. Again, the school must have the proper accreditations in order to be able to offer financial assistance processing. Several schools and universities have provided distance learning for several years. The longer the school has provided distance education, the more likely your chances of having a good experience with online learning. Online learning is a very popular way to complete your degree and to get the continuing education credits you need to maintain licensure for many professions. For the busy adult it’s a great choice for education.

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How to take great flower photos

I know that many out there want to improve their photography in one aspect. Flower photography. With gardening as popular as it is this shouldn’t be a surprise. Flower photography while looking like one of the simplest forms of photography can quickly become one of the most difficult. Here are a few tips for you. (Keeping in mind that basic good photography skills are always used.

) Soft diffuse light. Today it’s very overcast outside, and if there were any flowers in bloom today would be the perfect day for capturing some great images. Soft diffuse light enhances color saturation, so if you wondered how or why pro photographers flower images seem so deep in color this is one of the reasons why. (There are exceptions to this rule. I do some flower photography is bright or dappled sunlight but I’m usually trying to get an effect of light passing through the petals.) Slow film speed. 200 speed or less. The slower speed films have greater detail and for flowers you’re going to need to get close anyway and you want the nice sharp detail of a slower speed of film. I use 100 speed for my flower photography. Tripod. Use one for this type of photography. Set up your shot, get everything in sharp focus, and then shoot. A tripod will keep your camera from moving on you and allow you to get the sharp detail you will need. Look for great colors, a flower in full bloom next to a bud, and don’t shoot on windy days. Keep contrast and color in mind at all times and try different compositions each time you take a shot. Flower photography can be a lot of fun especially if the flowers are your own. If you have some specific questions please visit my Photography and Design Forum at: http://kellypaalphotography. com/v-web/bulletin/bb/index. php and post your question there.

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Debt consolidation options

Debt consolidation is the act of combining multiple and various loans into one loan. In effect, once you consolidate your debt, multiple loans become just one loan – payable at only one rate of interest, one consistent due date, one set of payment terms and conditions so the loan becomes easier to track, monitor and, eventually, pay off. If you are thinking of consolidating your loans, read on to find out what some of your options are. Balance Transfer Option This is being offered by credit cards. As the name implies, balances from other loans are transferred over to the credit card where the balance transfer loan was availed. However, you should be careful about balance transfers with credit cards. Before you commit, read the agreement. Make sure, too, that you have been granted a credit limit high enough to cover all of your financial obligations. Furthermore, you should also make sure that your credit card will make a transfer to every one of your creditors and that each one will be on the balance transfer rate – not the cash rate or the purchase rate of your credit card. Balance transfer rates are usually very low to entice new card members, but these rates are distinct from purchase rates which are applied on regular credit card purchases. They are also different from cash advance rates which are applied on credit card cash withdrawals. If you make an unapproved transfer – that is, balance transfer to a restricted type of loan – you may forfeit the favorable balance transfer rate and get the purchase rate or cash rate instead. You should also be careful about making a transfer to your personal account. This is probably going to be considered a cash advance, not a balance transfer. Home Equity Loan From the term itself, it should be obvious that this loan has something to do with your home’s equity. Your home equity is that part of your home’s value that you actually own. Thus, it is something that you can use up or convert to cash if you want. The loan can be processed in two ways: you can get your loan amount in one large sum or you can get it through a credit line. For the purposes of debt consolidation, however, the lump-sum loan is the better option as this would allow you to make full payments on all of your loans. Mortgage Refinance with Cash-Out You can also finance your debt consolidation y refinancing your existing mortgage. Typically, this is done to reduce interest rates on a mortgage. However, this can also be used to consolidate debts if a cash-out option is included. That is, the refinance will entail a cash loan which you can then use to pay off other loans – if the cash is large enough that is. Whatever loan type you choose for your debt consolidation move, you should remember one crucial thing. You should be able to get the best possible interest rate (given your credit rating and financial status), enough money to pay for all of your financial dues and flexible loan use so you can pay off all of your loans whatever kind they may be. If you achieve this, then you’ve got a very good debt consolidation plan going.

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Tea and time

Tea and time have something in common. They both begin with letter "T". There is a reason for that. Under that commonality also lies a lesson of life. To enjoy tea, we need to take time. First of all, even before the steeping starts, we observe the tea leaves. Leaves from different types of tea come in different shapes, texture and colors. The shapes are typically from the delicate hand rolling. The majority of the workers in a tea garden are women. Imagine how those beautiful girls and ladies pluck the leaves in a sunny spring morning. After the leaves are dried, they hand roll them to form a certain shape and sort them out at the end. Tea is no longer mere leaves but a form of art from beautiful hands.

Second, you pour hot water into the cup. You don’t just sit and wait (and getting bored and even impatient). Watch the leaves unfold and dance up and down slowly. This “agony of the leaves” is necessary for the flavors and nutrients to be released. Steeping is also about timing.

Not too long, not too short. The timing depends on our individual preference in taste. Finally, we don’t gulp a cup of tea as we do with a can of soda. We sip. Before we sip, we observe the color and the uprising mist of the liquid. We smell the aroma.

These are all part of enjoyment of tea. It all takes time. All the good things in life take time to brew and to enjoy. Time is the most precious thing. It is also most constant thing as well. We can't get more of it by rushing it. We could potentially lose it if we rush - not only time but also all the great things in life that must be enjoyed with and over time. A Chinese proverb says it all, “Hurry and impatience prevents the enjoyment of hot tofu.” You may ask, what about the need for speed and convenience? Yes, they are some times our friends. They are the propellers of civilization and evolution from nomadic to agriculture to industrial society. Mankind invented automobiles, aircrafts and spacecrafts to move from A to B faster. Fast foods have become a part of our diet in the past decades as more and more families have two working parents and more and more people are into sports, travel and adventures. The faster pace of living demands speed and convenience. But there is a limit. Overdose of speed and convenience can and have already hurt our quality of life. Recent years have seen increased health problems such as obesity and cancer. More people and families are suffering from stresses of all kinds. Our physical and psychological well being does not improve even though economically we are better off. It may be time to slow down a little bit and to get back to the basic of life. Tea can help in many ways with its powerful healing power and the lesson it teaches us about time and timing.

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Metaphors of the mind part ii

Storytelling has been with us since the days of campfire and besieging wild animals. It served a number of important functions: amelioration of fears, communication of vital information (regarding survival tactics and the characteristics of animals, for instance), the satisfaction of a sense of order (justice), the development of the ability to hypothesize, predict and introduce theories and so on. We are all endowed with a sense of wonder. The world around us in inexplicable, baffling in its diversity and myriad forms. We experience an urge to organize it, to "explain the wonder away", to order it in order to know what to expect next (predict). These are the essentials of survival. But while we have been successful at imposing our mind's structures on the outside world – we have been much less successful when we tried to cope with our internal universe. The relationship between the structure and functioning of our (ephemeral) mind, the structure and modes of operation of our (physical) brain and the structure and conduct of the outside world have been the matter of heated debate for millennia. Broadly speaking, there were (and still are) two ways of treating it: There were those who, for all practical purposes, identified the origin (brain) with its product (mind). Some of them postulated the existence of a lattice of preconceived, born categorical knowledge about the universe – the vessels into which we pour our experience and which mould it. Others have regarded the mind as a black box. While it was possible in principle to know its input and output, it was impossible, again in principle, to understand its internal functioning and management of information. Pavlov coined the word "conditioning", Watson adopted it and invented "behaviourism", Skinner came up with "reinforcement". The school of epiphenomenologists (emergent phenomena) regarded the mind as the by product of the brain's "hardware" and "wiring" complexity. But all ignored the psychophysical question: what IS the mind and HOW is it linked to the brain? The other camp was more "scientific" and "positivist". It speculated that the mind (whether a physical entity, an epiphenomenon, a non-physical principle of organization, or the result of introspection) – had a structure and a limited set of functions. They argued that a "user's manual" could be composed, replete with engineering and maintenance instructions. The most prominent of these "psychodynamists" was, of course, Freud. Though his disciples (Adler, Horney, the object-relations lot) diverged wildly from his initial theories – they all shared his belief in the need to "scientify" and objectify psychology. Freud – a medical doctor by profession (Neurologist) and Bleuler before him – came with a theory regarding the structure of the mind and its mechanics: (suppressed) energies and (reactive) forces. Flow charts were provided together with a method of analysis, a mathematical physics of the mind. But this was a mirage. An essential part was missing: the ability to test the hypotheses, which derived from these "theories". They were all very convincing, though, and, surprisingly, had great explanatory power. But - non-verifiable and non-falsifiable as they were – they could not be deemed to possess the redeeming features of a scientific theory. Deciding between the two camps was and is a crucial matter. Consider the clash - however repressed - between psychiatry and psychology. The former regards "mental disorders" as euphemisms - it acknowledges only the reality of brain dysfunctions (such as biochemical or electric imbalances) and of hereditary factors. The latter (psychology) implicitly assumes that something exists (the "mind", the "psyche") which cannot be reduced to hardware or to wiring diagrams. Talk therapy is aimed at that something and supposedly interacts with it. But perhaps the distinction is artificial. Perhaps the mind is simply the way we experience our brains. Endowed with the gift (or curse) of introspection, we experience a duality, a split, constantly being both observer and observed. Moreover, talk therapy involves TALKING - which is the transfer of energy from one brain to another through the air. This is directed, specifically formed energy, intended to trigger certain circuits in the recipient brain. It should come as no surprise if it were to be discovered that talk therapy has clear physiological effects upon the brain of the patient (blood volume, electrical activity, discharge and absorption of hormones, etc.). All this would be doubly true if the mind was, indeed, only an emergent phenomenon of the complex brain - two sides of the same coin. Psychological theories of the mind are metaphors of the mind. They are fables and myths, narratives, stories, hypotheses, conjunctures. They play (exceedingly) important roles in the psychotherapeutic setting – but not in the laboratory. Their form is artistic, not rigorous, not testable, less structured than theories in the natural sciences. The language used is polyvalent, rich, effusive, and fuzzy – in short, metaphorical. They are suffused with value judgements, preferences, fears, post facto and ad hoc constructions. None of this has methodological, systematic, analytic and predictive merits. Still, the theories in psychology are powerful instruments, admirable constructs of the mind. As such, they are bound to satisfy some needs. Their very existence proves it. The attainment of peace of mind is a need, which was neglected by Maslow in his famous rendition. People will sacrifice material wealth and welfare, will forgo temptations, will ignore opportunities, and will put their lives in danger – just to reach this bliss of wholeness and completeness. There is, in other words, a preference of inner equilibrium over homeostasis. It is the fulfilment of this overriding need that psychological theories set out to cater to. In this, they are no different than other collective narratives (myths, for instance). In some respects, though, there are striking differences: Psychology is desperately trying to link up to reality and to scientific discipline by employing observation and measurement and by organizing the results and presenting them using the language of mathematics. This does not atone for its primordial sin: that its subject matter is ethereal and inaccessible. Still, it lends an air of credibility and rigorousness to it. The second difference is that while historical narratives are "blanket" narratives – psychology is "tailored", "customized". A unique narrative is invented for every listener (patient, client) and he is incorporated in it as the main hero (or anti-hero). This flexible "production line" seems to be the result of an age of increasing individualism. True, the "language units" (large chunks of denotates and connotates) are one and the same for every "user". In psychoanalysis, the therapist is likely to always employ the tripartite structure (Id, Ego, Superego). But these are language elements and need not be confused with the plots. Each client, each person, and his own, unique, irreplicable, plot. To qualify as a "psychological" plot, it must be: All-inclusive (anamnetic) – It must encompass, integrate and incorporate all the facts known about the protagonist. Coherent – It must be chronological, structured and causal. Consistent – Self-consistent (its subplots cannot contradict one another or go against the grain of the main plot) and consistent with the observed phenomena (both those related to the protagonist and those pertaining to the rest of the universe). Logically compatible – It must not violate the laws of logic both internally (the plot must abide by some internally imposed logic) and externally (the Aristotelian logic which is applicable to the observable world). Insightful (diagnostic) – It must inspire in the client a sense of awe and astonishment which is the result of seeing something familiar in a new light or the result of seeing a pattern emerging out of a big body of data. The insights must be the logical conclusion of the logic, the language and of the development of the plot. Aesthetic – The plot must be both plausible and "right", beautiful, not cumbersome, not awkward, not discontinuous, smooth and so on. Parsimonious – The plot must employ the minimum numbers of assumptions and entities in order to satisfy all the above conditions. Explanatory – The plot must explain the behaviour of other characters in the plot, the hero's decisions and behaviour, why events developed the way that they did. Predictive (prognostic) – The plot must possess the ability to predict future events, the future behaviour of the hero and of other meaningful figures and the inner emotional and cognitive dynamics. Therapeutic – With the power to induce change (whether it is for the better, is a matter of contemporary value judgements and fashions). Imposing – The plot must be regarded by the client as the preferable organizing principle of his life's events and the torch to guide him in the darkness to come. Elastic – The plot must possess the intrinsic abilities to self organize, reorganize, give room to emerging order, accommodate new data comfortably, avoid rigidity in its modes of reaction to attacks from within and from without. In all these respects, a psychological plot is a theory in disguise. Scientific theories should satisfy most of the same conditions. But the equation is flawed. The important elements of testability, verifiability, refutability, falsifiability, and repeatability – are all missing. No experiment could be designed to test the statements within the plot, to establish their truth-value and, thus, to convert them to theorems. There are four reasons to account for this shortcoming: Ethical – Experiments would have to be conducted, involving the hero and other humans. To achieve the necessary result, the subjects will have to be ignorant of the reasons for the experiments and their aims. Sometimes even the very performance of an experiment will have to remain a secret (double blind experiments). Some experiments may involve unpleasant experiences. This is ethically unacceptable. The Psychological Uncertainty Principle – The current position of a human subject can be fully known. But both treatment and experimentation influence the subject and void this knowledge. The very processes of measurement and observation influence the subject and change him. Uniqueness – Psychological experiments are, therefore, bound to be unique, unrepeatable, cannot be replicated elsewhere and at other times even if they deal with the SAME subjects. The subjects are never the same due to the psychological uncertainty principle. Repeating the experiments with other subjects adversely affects the scientific value of the results. The undergeneration of testable hypotheses – Psychology does not generate a sufficient number of hypotheses, which can be subjected to scientific testing. This has to do with the fabulous (=storytelling) nature of psychology. In a way, psychology has affinity with some private languages. It is a form of art and, as such, is self-sufficient. If structural, internal constraints and requirements are met – a statement is deemed true even if it does not satisfy external scientific requirements. So, what are plots good for? They are the instruments used in the procedures, which induce peace of mind (even happiness) in the client. This is done with the help of a few embedded mechanisms: The Organizing Principle – Psychological plots offer the client an organizing principle, a sense of order and ensuing justice, of an inexorable drive toward well defined (though, perhaps, hidden) goals, the ubiquity of meaning, being part of a whole. It strives to answer the "why’s" and "how’s". It is dialogic. The client asks: "why am I (here follows a syndrome)". Then, the plot is spun: "you are like this not because the world is whimsically cruel but because your parents mistreated you when you were very young, or because a person important to you died, or was taken away from you when you were still impressionable, or because you were sexually abused and so on". The client is calmed by the very fact that there is an explanation to that which until now monstrously taunted and haunted him, that he is not the plaything of vicious Gods, that there is who to blame (focussing diffused anger is a very important result) and, that, therefore, his belief in order, justice and their administration by some supreme, transcendental principle is restored. This sense of "law and order" is further enhanced when the plot yields predictions which come true (either because they are self-fulfilling or because some real "law" has been discovered). The Integrative Principle – The client is offered, through the plot, access to the innermost, hitherto inaccessible, recesses of his mind. He feels that he is being reintegrated, that "things fall into place". In psychodynamic terms, the energy is released to do productive and positive work, rather than to induce distorted and destructive forces. The Purgatory Principle – In most cases, the client feels sinful, debased, inhuman, decrepit, corrupting, guilty, punishable, hateful, alienated, strange, mocked and so on. The plot offers him absolution. Like the highly symbolic figure of the Saviour before him – the client's sufferings expurgate, cleanse, absolve, and atone for his sins and handicaps. A feeling of hard won achievement accompanies a successful plot. The client sheds layers of functional, adaptive clothing. This is inordinately painful. The client feels dangerously naked, precariously exposed. He then assimilates the plot offered to him, thus enjoying the benefits emanating from the previous two principles and only then does he develop new mechanisms of coping. Therapy is a mental crucifixion and resurrection and atonement for the sins. It is highly religious with the plot in the role of the scriptures from which solace and consolation can be always gleaned.

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Sports injury an athlete s worst nightmare

Sports injury…it is every athletes' worst nightmare. For professional sportsmen and women, a major injury could be the end of their career. Breaking an ankle, dislocating a shoulder or hip, or having unbearable pain in the knees could cause an athlete to lose the opportunity to gain honor, fame, and fortune in the field of sports. For individuals who engage in contact sports competition, it could be the end of an athletic dream or a means to stay fit. For many, sports is already a way of life and defines who they are. But getting sidetracked by an injury could make them lose their sense of identity and chance of a lifetime to gain glory and financial independence. Since sports injuries are inevitable, it is very important to understand how to prevent such injuries from happening or how to administer proper treatment when they do happen.

Acute sports injuries are caused by a single traumatic event and may result from sudden movements like pulling a muscle, spraining an ankle, fracturing a wrist, and many more. A sudden forceful movement may cause damage to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, or joints. Sprains and strains are the most common among acute sports injuries. A sprain is an injury to a joint and the ligaments.

A sprain, on the other hand, is an injury to the muscle tendon unit. Athletic ability hampered by acute sports injuries may be regained after six to eight weeks, but it may take many months or even a surgery to regain full function of the injured body part. Signs of an acute injury include: Sudden, severe pain; Swelling; Inability to place weight on a lower limb; Extreme tenderness in an upper limb; Inability to move a joint through a full range of motion; Extreme limb weakness; and Visible dislocation or breaking of a bone. Overuse or chronic injuries are more subtle and may develop overtime. Training errors like rapid acceleration of intensity, duration or frequency of physical activity is the most common cause of this kind of injury. Overuse injuries may result from repetitive micro-trauma to the tendons, bones, and joints. They may also be developed from abnormal sports or physical activities like going to sports camps, working on new techniques, or being pushed over or beyond one’s physical limits. Returning to normal training after a long rest may derail the training phase of the body and cause it to be prone to this kind of injury. Signs of a chronic injury include: Pain when performing activities A dull ache when at rest Swelling Every once in a while these sports injuries may be developed. However, with proper treatment they can be back to normal in no time. It is important to consult doctors about possible treatments for various sports injuries. Common treatments for these conditions may include medication and physical therapy. Athletes who sustain sports injuries may use scientifically proven medications for pain relief like Tramadol. Tramadol is a synthetic pain reliever that has gained the approval of many doctors across the United States. It works by binding the receptors of the brain which are responsible for transmitting painful sensations throughout the body. Several medical studies show that this medication has a low abuse rate compared to other pain relievers. In addition, Tramadol side effects are milder compared to other pain relieving drugs out in the market. These side effects may include nausea, constipation, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, and vomiting. Those who want to use pain relievers should consult their doctors before taking more potent forms of the medicine. Although Tramadol side effects are mild and bearable, it should not be used by individuals with certain health conditions and medical history. This drug may also interact with other drugs that may lead to the development of more unwanted side effects. Rather than seeking medical attention to treat sports injuries, this condition can be prevented by properly engaging in sports training and competition. A well-planned training program which includes flexibility training and warm-up exercises may lessen the development of injuries. If these things fail, ask your doctor about Tramadol.

Online Sports injury an athlete s worst nightmare

Workouts that travel

A vacation can do wonders for reducing stress levels, but it can derail a healthy fitness regimen. Even some of the most die-hard exercisers find it difficult to stick with a workout program when away from home. Sure, many have good intentions. They may even pack their workout attire. Unfortunately, their gear never makes it out of the suitcase until they’re back home. But travel from home doesn’t have to result in an interruption or complete abandonment of your healthy habits. You can still fit in exercise time when away from home, regardless of whether you find yourself in a warm or a cold climate.

Even if bad weather forces you into seclusion in your hotel room, there are exercises you can complete without a single piece of equipment. Below are some tips to help you stay fit while traveling and avoid coming home with unwanted extra baggage. Be realistic. You probably won't be able to fit in your normal weekly workouts and that's okay. Shoot for completing at least 50% of your normal regimen.

Plan ahead. Before leaving town, find out what type of workout facilities your accommodations will have or if there is a nearby park of jogging track (weather permitting, of course). Scope out local gyms. If you are staying somewhere that doesn’t provide a workout area then inquire at the nearby local fitness centers for their rates. Often they offer day passes for minimal fees. Pack a resistance band in your suitcase. The band takes up very little space, yet can provide you with an entire upper and lower body workout routine.

Don’t deprive yourself of all local delicacies. You can enjoy some special meals without going overboard. Ask the restaurants to prepare your favorite dishes with a few lower fat ingredients. Be creative. Find unique, fun ways to exercise instead of doing the same routine you do when you are at home. Try biking, hiking, a pedal boat excursion, water-skiing, beach volleyball, etc. Effective workouts aren’t limited to the standard fares of walking, jogging and fitness machines. Try out your travel routine at least once at home.

A new workout that you’ve never done before will require more time and preparation. This type of frustration just makes for an easy excuse to skip the workout. Prepare snacks. If your journey includes a lot of time in the car, be sure to pack some healthy snacks so you aren’t forced to eat at all the fast food and convenience shops along the way. Play in the pool. If lounging poolside is part of your vacation plans, then hop in the pool every 20 minutes for 5-10 minutes of pool walking (try it in waist-deep or higher water for a really challenging workout). Get comfortable. Don’t forget to pack comfortable workout attire that fits your destination’s climate. Here is a quick, simple circuit workout that only requires a resistance band and can be done anywhere. Complete at least one set of 8-12 reps of each exercise. Bicep Curl Tricep Dip Lat Pull Down Front Raise Push-Up Squat Abductor lifts Adductor splits Hamstring Kicks For detailed instructions for each of the above exercises, visit workoutsforyou. com/travel_plan. htm

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Keeping the operating patient safe by accounting for all items used during surgery

Most surgical patients don’t know that before their operation begins, a laborious process called an instrument count is down. This procedure includes counting each piece of sterile equipment that will be used during the procedure. The count must be done by a registered nurse and the sterile nurse or scrub nurse. (In some jurisdictions, a scrub nurse can be unlicensed personnel called a scrub technician.) As each tray of instruments is opened unto the sterile field, the two nurses will compare the contents with a paper sheet which comes with the tray. Each and every piece within the tray will be counted. All sterile supplies are counted. This includes sponges, which are usually wrapped together in groups of five or ten. Sponges can be large gauze bundles, or 4”X 8” rectangles of gauze. Also, small gauze pieces which are bound together into a peanut shape and called peanuts are counted. Larger balls of cotton stuffed gauze pillows are counted. Sutures are counted and divided by types. Needles without sutures, or free needles, are counted separately. All of these supplies are possible foreign objects that can be left behind in a body cavity. There is a debate about which surgeries are at risk for lost objects. In most states, the standard is to count instruments, sponges and sutures when a body cavity is opened. A cavity would be the head, abdomen or chest. There is also a risk for left behind sponges in some gynecological surgery where instruments are inserted into the uterus. So sponges and needles are counted for those surgeries. Major, but minimally invasive surgeries, such as laparoscopic gastric bypass, laparoscopic nissen fundalpication, laparoscopic nephrectomy, or laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy are surgeries in which multiple, small puncture wounds are made in which specially designed sheaths are inserted and then the scope and instruments access the cavity through the sheaths. Except for thoracic endoscopic surgeries, utilizing a scope requires the body cavity to be expanded in some way. Laparoscopic surgeries use carbon dioxide gas, arthroscopic, genitourinary and gynecological surgeries use fluid. The sheaths prevent the gases or fluids from escaping from the cavity. Technically, it is hard to imagine how anything could be left behind in a surgery done with a scope. However, small screws, jaws to graspers, and parts of staple guns have all been left behind in patients, require additional surgeries and time and money lost. Ultimately it is the responsibility of the surgeon to know if the instrument he pulls out of a patient is complete, but part of the team mentality is that the nurses must also know the construction of an instrument so that if something is missing, it can be accounted for. An example of this is something that I experienced; I was scrubbed on a back surgery and one of the bone instruments I gave the doctor was missing a screw. It didn’t affect it’s operation, but I didn’t know if it was missing before I gave it to the doctor or not. It required an xray during the surgery to see if the screw was somewhere within the patient’s back incision. It was not. The web sites below, have much more information on these subjects...

Online Keeping the operating patient safe by accounting for all items used during surgery

10 biggest kitchen design mistakes

Dreaming of a new kitchen? In order to make your dreams a reality, consider ten common mistakes to avoid in designing and remodeling your kitchen to save you time, money and aggravation. Over-customizing and inflexibility Unless you have money to spare, remain flexible regarding materials and design for your new kitchen. For example, you're vacationing in southern Italy and the beautiful tiles you find in the craftsman's shop are perfect for your new dream kitchen. You can't live without them, even though he has to chip the marble off the mountain by hand and each one takes three weeks to make, because they have fossilized leaves imprinted in them. If you need two hundred tiles, stop dreaming and do the arithmetic. Three weeks, each one, two hundred tiles. Forget it. Buy everything he has on the shelf and leave the store. Use the fifteen you bring home in your suitcase as accents imbedded in the floor here and there, or in the tiling around the sink and keep them a beautiful memory. Likewise, the German track lighting with special light bulbs which cast a delicate hue of light. Those light bulbs are so special and unique that they are only available in Germany! Avoid difficult and over specialized items so that repairs and replacements don't turn into logistical nightmares. All appliances, plumbing, electricity, and carpentry should repairable with no more then a few local phone calls. Changing the Plans Once work has begun, any change will cost you money even if materials are downgraded. This is because measurements have been calculated and materials ordered. Even a small change such as a two inch longer built in convection oven could mean that the hand cut granite counter which is already installed and ready, has to be pared down on one side which means you lose a customized finish. Be warned by the plight of those who changed so much in quest of the perfect kitchen that they abandoned their budget in the middle and ended up without the funds to finish. Living for years with an unfinished kitchen is not a very appealing option. Spending It All At Once - Over-Budgeting Set a budget, then plan on spending 80% of your projected figure. Remember, no one ever pays less than the estimated amount; it always costs more. That 20% you held back from your budget will be used to cover the usual unforeseen circumstances which inevitably pop up such as minor changes, previously unperceived problems and other charges. ImproveNet offers interactive estimators and project calculators to help you estimate how much your project will cost, how much material you'll need, and what it could look like. http:// improvenet. com/HomeOwner/ProjectTools/index. html Using the Wrong General Contractor The contractor you choose should be an expert in kitchens, not roofs. Talk to people that have used a contractor you are considering within the last three months. Ask to see the work they did. Ask the right questions: Was he within his estimate? Did he finish on time? Did they keep the job clean and did they tidy up nicely afterwards? Were his workers polite, neat, clean, and on time? Are there any complaints? A little time spent on researching your contractor can save you a lot of headaches later. Inaccuracies in Measurement This shouldn't be your problem at all, but frequently this common mistake is passed on to the customer's wallet. Before you sign a contract, insist that the contractor take responsibility for any inaccuracies in measurement or factory flaws which often occur. Don't settle for almost fits or good enough. They have to promise and deliver a finished result according to the specifications that were agreed on. Throwing Dollars Out the Window Don't pay for a renovation in advance. Establish a payment plan with the majority of the balance paid after the work is completed. Evaluating the work as it progresses and testing the finished product is a great incentive for the contractor to please the customer. Handing Over the Design of Your Kitchen to a Designer Your new kitchen should reflect your taste, not the designers. Yes, the pink and yellow appliances are very stylish, and happy but maybe stainless steel or white is what you prefer. You are the best judge. Don't let anyone convince you that what they want is what you need. Work with your designer to achieve the practical tasteful space that fits your needs and lifestyle. Ask to see a virtual model of the plans and stay involved throughout the design process. Going It Alone Ask your friends and neighbors about their renovations - what they like, what they don't like. Solicit opinions from people you trust before and during the job. Ask the members of your family for ideas and suggestions about how to best utilize the workable space. Investing Too Much Yes it is your dream kitchen but practically speaking, even the most expensive kitchen renovations should not cost more than 20% of the current market value of your home. The average kitchen renovation adds only about 8% to market value. If you ever want to sell your home, an appealing kitchen is a big plus, but don't throw all your money into it expecting an investment return. And on the other hand, most experts agree that kitchen renovation done well is worth at least 5% of the value of your home. Under-spending may reflect in market value. Indulging The Latest Fads Resist the temptation to choose trendy designs which will make you queasy after you get over the pizzazz. Remember your kitchen is the heart of your home. Make wise choices with an eye on livability. The best strategy is practical, classic, timeless. We've all seen kitchens designed in the latest fashion. Nothing becomes as outmoded as yesterday's modern look. Avocado green cabinets anyone? Mosaic daisies tiled into the walls? Also try to resist flamboyant displays of self expression. In the end, you will live happily ever after!

Online 10 biggest kitchen design mistakes

Enrichment classes for your child

One major advantage of educating your child at home is that you are involved with their home school success. You help to decide that way your child is taught the material and no one knows your child better than you do. You know how your child learns and can find ways to make their education unique and best for them. Another way to ensure your child’s home school success is to enroll them in enrichment classes. A parent’s decision to home school their child does not mean they wish to keep them from socializing with other children their age. In fact, the opposite is quite true. They simply want to have more control of who their children are socializing with. For example, if you live in a city where your child goes to public school, your child is apt to come into contact with drugs and alcohol issues much quicker than they would if they were home schooled. There are enrichment classes available to children of all ages, such as gymnastics, karate, art, and even guitar lessons. Any of these classes will allow your child to learn new things that you will not be able to teach them, as well as learn socialization skills. Many area high schools allow home schooled children to participate in special classes, such as computer classes and even physical education. This allows your child to enhance their educational experience and develop their social interactions skills with other students.

Many communities have programs that were developed especially for home school success. It may be as much as a alternative school that offers enrichment classes to enhance your child’s home schooling or it could be as little as informal get-togethers for home schooled children. Either one will help your child to achieve home school success. If you find there is not a community program in your area, you may want to think about starting a support group yourself. Many groups have started out small and together, they plan field trips to enhance their children’s learning experiences, as well as get-togethers where their children can simply interact with one another. It also can provide you a chance to talk with others that are in your position as parent and teacher.

Many people do not understand why parents may choose to home school their child and many may picture the home schooled child to be lonely. However, this is not the case at all. Home schooled children are often more confident in their abilities and they have no problems fitting in with other children their age. By adding enrichment classes to your child’s education, you are helping to ensure their home school success.

Online Enrichment classes for your child

Stop identity theft

Stop Being a Victim of Online Identity Theft! The Internet is a very useful tool for people. It helps us communicate with our loved ones who are at the other side of the nation or overseas. It helps us find a lot of information regarding something. It allows us to listen to radio stations from all over the world, or even watch movies.

It also helps us purchase things without ever having to leave our homes. The Internet is also a very useful tool for identity thieves. Many have fallen prey to numerous baits left by identity thieves and lost their identities. As we know, knowledge is the best weapon against this. Know how to stop being a victim of online identity theft, and follow some simple tips that we will give you: 1) Use secure servers When surfing the Internet, make sure you are on a secure or encrypted server. That way, when a hacker or ID thief tries to find you and your computer’s location, they cannot locate you as your ISP and URL are encrypted, or coded as unreadable characters, by your server. Secure servers will filter fraud websites and spam mails before you can access them. 2) Don’t reply to spoofed e–mails Spoofed mails are e–mails sent to you by certain e–mail accounts, asking for your details, or telling you to reply to their e–mail to do something like verify the details of your credit card account, online account, etc. These e–mail accounts pose as banks, credit card companies, retailing websites like eBay, PayPal etc., and send you emails telling you to give them your information to get or verify something. NEVER REPLY TO SPOOF E–MAILS! Banks, credit card companies, and other companies never ask their client to send their details over the Internet just for verification or claiming a prize or confirming your entry into a raffle draw you have never joined. 3) Don’t open files sent by unknown sources If someone you have never known sends you a file over the Internet, usually through an instant messenger, or as an attachment in an e–mail, DO NOT OPEN IT! The file may contain viruses and spying software that will steal your personal information that is in your computer. Besides, opening the file may cause serious damage to your computer! 4) Properly log into your sensitive accounts Always log on to your sensitive accounts by opening a new browser and typing the actual URL directly into the address bar. This will help you verify if the URL of the sender of an email is really the website it claims to be. 5) Use disposable e-mail accounts Whenever you want to join a newsgroup, subscribe to mailing lists, or make online purchases, always use a disposable, free email account. That way, you can always delete that account if you suspect ID theft. Always keep your business account for business and personal communications. 6) Disguise your online ID Never use domain names and identities that will give out who you are. For example, if you are Brian Gadzuric, do not use brgadzuric@mail. com or briangadz as your email address and username respectively, especially when dealing with people you do not know. 7) Use leveled and strong passwords Always have different passwords for your accounts. A password should be different for your personal account, business account, and disposable account. Never use sequential passwords like password1, password2, password3 etc. that will easily allow others to access your accounts. Make sure your passwords will be very difficult to guess. Use a combo of letters, numbers, and characters that only you can remember. Never write down a copy of your password. If you must, make sure you keep it in a safe place. 8) Regularly change passwords Always change your passwords after a short period, let us say, one month. Regularly changing passwords makes if very difficult to access your accounts. It also helps stimulate your memory and creative side. 9) Use credit cards for online purchases Credit cards are more secure than debit cards due to the security system being used by credit card companies. Besides, disputing fraudulent chargers is easier than recovering funds already spent. Also, use ONLY ONE CREDIT CARD for online purchases. 10) Always check a company’s privacy policy Whenever you are going to transact business with a company, make sure to check its privacy policy. Also, make sure to click the logos of the consumer groups posted on their website to make sure that the safety authentication is authentic. Make sure you also know the real online consumer welfare groups before transacting with companies. 11) Always use a secure site when submitting data Make sure the URL of the site has https:// at the beginning, or has a padlock icon at the address bar before submitting sensitive data. 12) Security Software for your PC Always make sure that you get the latest security patches for your operating system and internet browser. Also, update your virus databases, and install advertisement and pop–up blockers that will disallow pop–ups from certain websites from appearing on your screen.

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The coming television revolution

The revolution is just getting started and will begin to make its mark this year. By 2010, it will begin to take off. By 2025, it will be the standard for all TV viewing. It's called Internet Protocol Television, or IPTV for short. IPTV works with a set-top box connected to any broadband interface and to a TV. It will allow users to choose among thousands (and eventually hundreds of thousands) of hours of programming, including movies, sports, classic TV, etc., and download their selections from the internet to the hard drive of the set-top box. Initially, set-top box hard drives will be able to store up to 300 hours of programming at a time, but capacity will expand as the technology becomes more refined. Also, download times will become shorter and shorter as broadband connection speeds become faster and faster. Eventually, a two-hour movie will be fully downloadable in a couple of minutes. Once the programs are downloaded to the hard drive, they can be viewed on the connected TV at any time via a DVR-type interface provided by the set-top box. Besides the convenience of an all video-on-demand (VOD) environment, IPTV will provide a much wider range of programming than broadcast, cable, and satellite TV, or even major video chains, could ever provide. Because the programming is available from the internet, it will be almost completely unlimited and unconstrained. Programming from all over the world will be available along with every imaginable genre of niche programming. Also, previously unreleased independent films that have been sitting on shelves for years due to the lack of a distribution source will suddenly become available to the masses via IPTV. Films that previously could not be made at all will become a reality and be available on the IPTV services. Long forgotten films and TV shows will have new life breathed into them by IPTV. To top it all off, much of this programming will be eventually be available in high definition (HDTV)! Most IPTV platforms will be divided into "channels", but not the same kind of channels that we have grown accustomed to with traditional TV services. In this case, a "channel" is defined as a division of an IPTV service by individual content provider. Each content provider carried by a given IPTV platform will have its own guidelines for delivering programming on its channel. Some will provide their content for free to everyone who owns a given IPTV product. Some will be subscription based, i. e., everything on their channels will be available for a monthly or annual subscription. Others will be all pay-per-view. Still others will provide a combination of all of the above. Several entrants into this market have either already debuted or plan to debut sometime this year. Among those are Akimbo ( akimbo. com), DAVETV ( dave. tv), TimeShifTV ( timeshiftv. com), and VCinema ( vcinema. com). Please see their respective websites for more details, as each one will offer a slightly different variation of IPTV technology. In addition, a joint venture between TiVo ( tivo. com) and NetFlix ( netflix. com) will be starting up later this year. TiVo plans to eventually make the entire Netflix DVD library available to its customers on an on-demand basis via a broadband connection to a TiVo box and a TV. Other potential IPTV contenders will be announcing their intentions over the next year or two. One of these nascent IPTV services headquartered near my home has already started placing "help wanted" ads in my local newspaper. Within the next 20 years, all the fuss over broadcast TV indecency will become irrelevant, as there will be very little other than news and live sporting events on broadcast TV. The major networks will shift most of their entertainment programs to IPTV to avoid all the broadcast content restrictions currently being enforced by the FCC. Eventually, broadcast TV will cease to exist. Cable and satellite services as we know them will also become extinct. Yes, there will still be cable and satellite platforms, but they, along with DSL and wireless internet services, will exist merely as conduits for bringing broadband internet into homes and offices. There won't be any more cable and satellite TV, per se. The now 60-year-old paradigm of television schedules in which programs air at specific times on specific days of the week will pretty much be a thing of the past. Everything, except what's left of broadcast TV, will be exclusively available on demand via an IPTV platform. These developments in no way mean that all TV programming will become more risquй. While there will be plenty of risquй programming available to those who want it, there will an almost unlimited supply of family and religious programs available. With a veritable smorgasbord of entertainment options at your fingertips, there will be something available for all tastes. IPTV may not turn out to be a TV utopia, but it's at least going to come close that ideal.

Online The coming television revolution

Making jewelry wholesale how to find birthstones 216

Making Jewelry Wholesale - How to Find Birthstones Many of the jewelry wholesale pieces that you make will include birthstones, and purchasing birthstones is not always cheap. Therefore, you will need to find jewelry wholesale sources for birthstones that you can afford. Everyone loves jewelry with their birthstones in it. This type of jewelry makes perfect birthday gifts, as well as Christmas gifts. Some birthstones, such as opals, are quite inexpensive, while others, such as emeralds, rubies, and diamonds are very expensive. One option is to purchase simulated stones. These stones are not real, and it is important that your customer be made aware of this. However, some customers will want the real deal! Again, you need a source for real birthstones. The Internet is the perfect place to find birthstones. There are numerous jewelry wholesale outlets that do business online. Because there are so many, prices are usually rock bottom. Make sure that you make sure any company that you do business with is legitimate, and that the gems you buy are quality birthstones! Also make sure that you know exactly which stone is required in the piece that you are making. Each month actually has different gems that represent it, depending on which tradition you are following. Verify the exact stone that is wished for with the client before making a purchase! (word count 216)

Online Making jewelry wholesale how to find birthstones 216