Littman stethoscopes special outstanding features of the littman stethoscope

When it comes to health and the dignostic instruments and tools that are required to service health, the factors of quality, precision and accuracy are of the highest priority. For the medical doctor or nurse, nothing is more relevant and useful than the use of the stethoscope. Ask any doctor or health professional, and he would most likely be using a littman stethoscope. It was in 1963 that the Harvard Medical School Professor David Littmann, a renowned cardiologist, invented a stethoscope which would revolutionize the world of medical auscultation. Named after him, this invention continued to improve and develop, resulting in a highly acclaimed stethoscope named aptly, the 3M Littmann Cardiology Stethoscope. This stethoscope is uniquely equipped to help the medical doctor pick up difficult-to-hear heart, lung and other body sounds admist distracting noises. Using, the 3Mґs new Ambient Noise Reduction technology, it is possible to now reduce distracting room noise by an average of 75% (- 12 decibels) over the bell and diaphragm operating range. This is convincingly the most important feature of the littman stethoscope.

Apart from this, the new tunable diaphragm technology used in Littman Stethoscopes, allows the health practitioner to alter the pressure on the chest piece in order to change from bell mode to diaphragm mode and vice-versa. This makes it very versatile for adaptive use. As a result, the technology has led to a whole new line of Littmann stethoscopes including the electronic Littmann Master Cardiology Stethoscope for infant, pediatric, and veterinary disciplines. The Littmann stethoscopes are among the most popular stethoscopes for cardiologists where Littman stethoscopes like Littman cardiology III, Littmann cardiology STC, and Littmann Master classic II are used for both adult and pediatric auscultation. One particular innovation is that the stethoscope carries a large side of the diaphragm and a small side diaphragm. The large side of the diaphragm is for adults and the small side is specially designed for sound with pediatric patients or extremely thin adult patients. This makes it a truly versatile tool for the doctor or nurse or cardiologist. In addition to the standard adult size, Littman offers a one-inch pediatric bell and the infant bell. As nurses form the bedrock of the health system and require stethoscopes, they are not left behind. There are active online nursing forum communities where nurses from around the world discuss and share information about the use of medical and nursing tools such as the nursing littmann stethoscope, and there is a nurses' kit including a littman stethoscope for members at special price. The next time we see a doctor with a stethoscope, the chances are that he is using a littman stethoscope, and we can be grateful to the efforts of the brillant cardiologist Professor David Littmann.



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Why offshore google software development for your business

Google has become more than just a search engine as the result of their release of the Google API. Now developers can have seamless access many of Google's functionality directly from within their applications to retrieve and integrate data which was formerly either unavailable or not readily accessible. We recently had a client who is a multi-national retailer with both a physical and Internet presence. The client needed a way to acquire certain business intelligence (BI) data from the Internet on a daily basis. After several unsuccessful attempts to create this functionality themselves, they came to us for a solution. On the surface the requirements seemed to be difficult and it was easy to see why their own IT team had failed to find a solution. They were thinking "inside the box", however, and hadn't considered third-party alternatives. The specifications required that the application perform all of these tasks: Retrieve new product listings on competitor's web sites. Retrieve current pricing for all products listed on competitor's web sites. Retrieve full text of competitor's Press Releases and public financial reports. Track all inbound links pointing to competitor's web sites from other web sites. Once the data was acquired it needed to be processed for reporting purposes and then stored in the data warehouse for future access. After reviewing current web-based data acquisition technology, including "spiders" which crawled the Internet and returned data which then had to be processed through HTML filters, we determined that the Google API and Web Services offered the best solution. The Google API provides remote access to all of the search engine's exposed functionality and provides a communication layer which is accessed via the "Simple Object Access Protocol" (SOAP), a web services standard. Since SOAP is an XML-based technology it is easily integrated into legacy web-enabled applications. The API met all of the requirements of the application in that it: Provided a methodology for querying the Web using non-HTML interfaces Enabled us to schedule regular search requests designed to harvest new and updated information on the target subjects. It provided data in a format which was able to be easily integrated with the client's legacy systems. Using the Google API, SOAP and WSDL, our developers were able to define messages that fetched cached pages, searched the Google document index and retrieve the responses without having to filter out HTML or reformat the data. The resulting data was then handed off to the client's legacy systems for validation, reporting and further processing before reaching the data warehouse. During the Proof of Concept phase we ran tests where we were able to reliably identify and retrieve updated public relations and investor relations information that exceeded the client's expectations. In our next test we retrieved the most currently available product pages which were listed in Google and then ran another query to retrieve the Google "cached page" versions. We ran these two data sets through difference filters and were able to produce accurate price increase and decrease reports as well as identify new products. For our final test we used the Google API's ability to access the "link:" feature to rapidly build lists of inbound links. These limited tests demonstrated that the Google API was capable of producing the BI data that the client requested as well as demonstrating that the data could be returned in a pre-defined format which eliminated the need to apply post retrieval filters. The client was pleased with the results of our Proof of Concept phase and authorized us to proceed with building the solution. The application is now in daily use and is exceeding the client's performance expectations by a wide margin. Any developer who is familiar with coding WSDL will have no problem using the Google API. Using the Google API requires a developer's key which is available at no charge. Go to http:// google. com/apis/" target=new>http:// google. com/apis/">http:// google. com/apis/ for an overview and to register for your own key. The Google API is destined to change the way that developers retrieve data and it opens a whole new level of data mining that has never been available in the past.



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It support services

: The support area of Information Technology (IT) is very extensive and it includes support services in networking, desktop support, Email Management, software support, Server & Network Management, system architecture, remote access, database administration, IT helpdesk network and system administration and in different other related support services. Information technology (IT) support & consultancy firms provide advice and support services helps you to use IT best serve in your business goals. If you are very new in to the IT field and have no previous experience of using IT for your business, you can also take the help of an IT solution consultant, who will guide you in the best direction for your specific business and you will get all the information on IT and it will be more beneficial for your business. Fiverivers has now designed and built new networks. Fiverivers have established and delivered quality IT support services and solutions across a spectrum of industries including education, legal, manufacturing, medical sectors throughout the West Midlands and beyond UK. Our intelligent ICT support solutions are flexible and meet the critical requirements of an intense user environment. Although our IT Solutions services vary in scope, best practice methodology has enabled us to specialize our services and deploy IT support solutions to industry sectors including: • Educational Sector (Schools, Colleges, Universities, Educational Suppliers, LEA’s, Portals) • Legal Sector (Solicitors, Media) • Manufacturing Sector (B2B, B2C, Production, Recycling) • Medical Sector (Research, Dental Healthcare) Fiverivers have a commitment to the continuing development of our industry sector specific expertise in both the private and public sectors. You can pay a visit to fiveriverssupport. com for getting benefit of IT support services in different sector.



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A 21 lcd tv a versatile mid range size

Some consumers consider a 21” LCD TV to be the perfect size: for TV viewing and for use as a computer monitor. Some take it one step further: they integrate their 21” LCD TV with a home theater PC. It’s easier than you think, and a home theater PC setup lets you access any media files like digital image files, audio files, and videos. You can also watch your favorite television shows or DVDs, and you can even use the 21” LCD TV as a computer monitor. It’s no surprise, then, that some consumers feel a 21” LCD TV is one of the most versatile screen sizes available. If you watch digital TV on your 21” LCD TV, you could be already taking advantage of the possibilities of Digital Video Recorders (DVR) or TiVo. You can go one step farther; integrating your 21” LCD TV with a home theater PC setup is the ultimate in versatility. And it’s not that hard – here are a few ways available to you. 1. Buy a PC with the Media Center version of Windows XP and make sure it has a TV tuner card capable of capturing digital signals from your cable or satellite box. Once it’s installed, it works just like a DVR. You won’t need to buy a high-end PC to integrate with your 21” LCD TV if you just want to record and play shows and movies – if you also want to play graphics-intensive video games, you may need a more expensive PC with greater graphics capability. Just make sure you get plenty of memory. 2. Upgrade your PC. You can buy a copy of Microsoft’s operating system with Media Center. Frequently it comes bundled with a TV tuner card you’ll also need. If you have decent computer skills you can handle the installation fairly easily and your 21” LCD TV home theater PC setup will be running in no time. 3. If you don’t want to upgrade to a new operating system, a number of software companies produce applications that perform the same chores as Media Center does. A few are available as freeware, but the features they offer tend to be limited. You’ll still need to factor in the cost of a TV tuner card – a TV tuner card won’t be included with the freeware. Once you’ve decided how to set up your computer, you can integrate it into your home theater system so your 21” LCD TV can handle the video feed you send to it. A 21” unit is ideal for this purpose; sets that are larger sometimes deliver reduced image quality when the TV signal is sent through the computer. How you send the signal to your TV is the main hurdle to overcome. There are many different audio and video options for joining the two; the method you choose will obviously depend on the inputs and outputs available on both your PC and your TV. Older, standard-definition LCD TVs will have, at a minimum, a composite-video connection (a yellow video connection that's usually accompanied by red and white stereo audio jacks). Hopefully, it will also provide an S-Video port. Newer 21” LCD TVs should provide component inputs, and more advanced 21” LCD TVs that are HDTV capable will supply DVI or HDMI inputs. If you haven’t purchased a 21” LCD TV yet, try to find a model with DVI or HDMI inputs. Once your computer is connected to your 21” TV you can use Media Center to keep track of your media files and handle your DVR recording needs. If you want to record TV without using Media Center, similar products on the market can do the job. For example, SnapStream's Beyond TV comes bundled with many TV tuner cards, so if you're building a home theater or upgrading a machine you already own, you might end up with a copy by default. And you can take a further step and add the Beyond Media program for organizing photo, music, and other media files, and it does pretty much everything Media Center does. Beyond TV doesn't support every TV tuner card on the market, so check the hardware specs for your 21” LCD TV before you install it. Even if you have no interest in recording TV programs, you can still use programs like Windows Media Player, iTunes, and PowerDVD to manage your preexisting media library using software you already have. Whichever option you choose, make sure you have plenty of hard disk space; once you start recording television programs or watching your home videos on your 21” LCD TV, you'll find you need all the space you can get. And due to its increased versatility, you’ll find your 21” LCD TV is an even bigger part of your home entertainment system.



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Download iphone game or play online

As an Iphone owner, you may or may not know that as well as being able to use the safari browser to play online, or browser based games as they are known you can also download games for the Iphone. Check out these tips for downloading games onto your Iphone. First of all, your little Iphone is packed with more computing power than you may possibly realise. While browser games may be cool, they can often be a little basic, so you will need to download things to get the real cream of the crop. The second point is to make sure and have a good look around some of the download sites. There are quite a few of them around now, and you can find the variety between them quite staggering.

Also, one of the coolest things is that if you find the right sites, the game downloads will be totally free, which is obviously great. Something else to consider is that some download sites can be pretty dangerous to your computer, because of viruses etc. If you are familiar with file sharing sites or P2P sites or whatever you want to call them, you may well have experience of viruses etc. This is because sites like this most often don't have any guidelines or regulation by the site owners or webmaster, allowing users to upload whatever they like. It seems cool to have this freedom at first, but it means that many of the sites are riddled with viruses and spyware etc. As a final tip, always look for reports or reviews from a previous customer – it's very easy to make a site look all exciting and trustworthy on the internet, so looking out for someone else's experience with that particular site can be very helpful indeed – it can save you money in the long run and can even help your computer stay protected from virus and other nasty things! You'll find that with virtually all of the worthwhile Iphone download sites, you will need to pay some kind of fee before you get access to the downloads. This fee is usually what helps them provide the free downloads in the first place, as it helps them cover costs and administration etc. It's not such a bad thing either, because the small fee in question will most often cover you for life, which obviously represents pretty good value. You've now got at least a working knowledge of how to download games for your Iphone, so happy downloading and thanks for reading!



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How to defeat terrorism

: Stopping terrorism is not like gambling, in poker there are different variables that can affect the outcome but it fighting terror the only way to win is to fight to the end. Many people thing that the terrorist feel they have been wronged by something or someone and that giving them something will end the fight be it land or money, but history has repeatedly shown us that by appeasing the terrorists we are only giving them what they want, and prolonging the fight. They will continue to take everything they are given but they never stop wanting more. An example of this is clear in the Israeli - Palestinian conflict. Israel allows the PLO to return to the west bank and Gaza and form the Palestinian Authority, Israel supplied weapons and the Americans provided training to the Palestinians so they could start a army to fight crime and terrorism. Israel was repaid by the terrorists by suicide bombings in malls, restaurants, clubs and busses. More recently Israel pulled all Jews from Gaza and gave all the land to the Palestinians. The Israelis left behind infrastructure and greenhouses, which could have been used for businesses by the Palestinians. The moment the last troops were out of Gaza the terrorists destroyed what the Israelis left behind and again repaid them with rockets on Sderot and Ashkelon, two Jewish cities bordering Gaza.

Many of you are thinking that these problems were brought on by the Israelis stealing Palestinians land, but what was it that the United States did that angered Al Qaeda? Many will say it is because America has troops in Saudi Arabia where the two holiest locations to the Muslim people are, these people are wrong. This fight is not about the terrorists wanting America out of the Middle East. This was is about the pride of one individual. Osama Bin Laden, and that’s all it is about. In 1991 when Saddam Hussein Invaded Kuwait, Saudi Arabia was worried and was looking to get help to protect its oil fields.

Osama Bin Laden offered his assistance to help protect his homeland with the help of his Mujahadim, who had helped protect Afghanistan from the Russians in the 80's. But rather then gamble on Bin Laden's holey warriors, the Saudis asked for help from the United States, and this wounded Bin Laden's pride. Now Bin Laden is on a quest to show the world that he is the true protector of Islam, do not be fooled this is a war of religion. The only thing that has ever worked is not to try to negotiate with these people but to fight them with force. You will find that with any military action against terrorists once you start to make some headway they will start to yell about a Hudna or temporary cease fire.

When you are in a poker tournament in Casinos Online or land based and your opponent is almost out of chips, do you back off and let your enemy regroup or go all in and force him out. The Only way to defeat terrorism is to fight terrorism whenever and wherever it shows its head, and to never let up on those who would use terror to forward their goals.



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Ebay sellers why you should accept paypal

eBay Sellers: Why You Should Accept PayPal Are you looking to become an eBay seller? If you are interested in making money online, possibly even enough to support yourself, you just may be. Over the past few years, eBay has revealed itself as an online market place where just about anyone, including you, can make money. Although it is relatively easy to make money on eBay, as an eBay seller, there are a number of important factors that come into play. For instance, you will want to have good, quality items to sell, detailed descriptions of those items, as well as easy to see pictures. Perhaps, those are some of the most important components of becoming a successful eBay seller, but there is something else that can be just as important, your accepted methods of payment. For the best chance of success on eBay, you will want to accept a wide range of payments, including personal checks, money orders, and PayPal. Speaking of PayPal, PayPal is one of the most common methods of payment accepted on eBay. Despite being one of the most preferred ways to shop on eBay, there are still a number of sellers who don’t accept PayPal as a form of payment. If you have yet to setup your eBay seller account, you will also want to take the time to set up a PayPal account. Of course, you can still make money on eBay without accepting PayPal as a method of payment, but your chances for success are higher when you do. That is why it is extremely important that you at least look into getting a PayPal account. When it comes to getting a PayPal account, you will find that you can have a personal account or a business account. If you want to make the most out of PayPal and eBay, you will want to get a business account, as it enables to you accept credits cards as a method of payment. The only difference between a business PayPal account and a personal PayPal account is the fees. The fees that you are charged will vary, but you will be charged a small fee each time someone, namely an eBay buyer, sends you a payment. Although the PayPal fees may be a turnoff for you, you should let them be. By accepting PayPal, you are more likely to have more sales, as well as higher priced product sales, as more eBay buyers rely on PayPal to shop online. This will essentially make the fees seem minimal, as they easily pay for themselves overtime and you are still able to make a profit. In fact, your PayPal fees, from a business standpoint, can even be tax deductible. One of the many reasons why eBay buyers like to use PayPal is because it gives them a sense of security. When using PayPal to buy items on eBay, buyers do not have to actually provide you with their bank account information or their credit or debit card numbers. This information is automatically stored in PayPal’s secure system. eBay buyers simply have to follow the instructions on the invoice that you send them, enter in their PayPal sign in information, click a few confirmation buttons and they are good to go; no important information has to exchange hands. If you aren’t already accepting PayPal, you will want to think about the many benefits to doing so, some of which were outlined above. For more information on PayPal, you are urged to visit PayPal’s online website, which can be found at PayPal. com. Word Count 586



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The magic price to market your ebook

: Have you ever wondered why all those products on TV all cost $19.95? How about why used car dealers...excuse me, "preowned" car dealers offer $199 down $199 a month? It's an often used and very successful marketing concept. The idea is that certain numbers set off alarm bells in a buyers mind and by shaving a penny or two off the price we can avoid these alarm bells. A person will wrinkle his brow and wonder if that fancy kitchen gadget is worth $20, but he will be franticly dialing the phone credit card in hand for the low low price of $19.95. What a bargain. Believe it or not sales figures seem to support this idea. Shave a few pennies off the round dollar amount and people are more likely to buy from a TV ad, however this doesn't work in all forms of marketing. When buying in person people appear to prefer round numbers.

For instance. I have a friend who sells knockoff tennis shoes at flea markets. Don't laugh. He quit his regular job because he makes more in a weekend at the flea market than he did in a 40 hour week. Anyway he dicovered that the magic price for knockoff tennis shoes at a flea market is $20. Any more and buyers huff and go "I might as well go to the shoe store for these prices." Any less and they question the quality of the shoes, Look them over again and agian, then walk away without buying.

I won't make a value judgement about peoples' behavior. The object is to make sales, not judge your customers right? The simple fact is for every product and service there is a magic price that a customer will readily pay with almost no selling on your part. I won't even try to guess why, but for ebooks that price appears to be $7. You have probably by now seen the rash of $7 dollar ebooks everywhere. On marketing web sites and blogs and all over the web. For some unknown reason $5 is too low and 8$ is too high.

Does it really matter why? As marketers we don't need to question why. We find what sells and stick with it until it doesn't sell anymore. If the public will pay $7 without flinching who am I to question them? Maybe it's because $5 is not a lot of money these days. So if it cost $5 it must not be any good or it would cost more. But then $10 is double digits. Hold on here $10, I could get two fast food lunches for that. Okay, I am guessing why, but the point is, $7 is the magic price for an ebook. Atleast for now it is. This article was published using Article Submitter



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Accredited online degrees give students more flexibility

: Earning one of the many available accredited online degrees enables you to graduate from some of the nation's highest ranked universities without ever leaving your home state. Graduating with a bachelor's degree or certificate from a prestigious university by going through any of their online courses is equal to attending class on their physical campus, except you can live at home, and keep your full time job. Many adults are working professionals who struggle balancing family, work and other obligations or commitments. However, with technological advancements in the last decade in education online, many are choosing to earn their accredited online degrees simply because they can do so without being constrained to the restrictions associated with a classroom based program. You can now obtain a high-quality and prestigious accredited degree online. With so many accredited colleges and universities offering online education degree programs, you have a wide variety of options to choose from when deciding on a specific course of study. Nearly every subject available through traditional on-campus programs is also offered online. Degrees in accounting, finance, business and marketing are very popular with today's working professionals who have decided to go back to school and finish earning their degree.

There are also many adults who have decided to pursue their master's degree and even doctorate degrees through accredited online programs. The number of available options is exponentially better than they were even five years ago. You can also pursue degrees in nursing, journalism, health sciences and criminal justice. The options really are almost limitless. Although some accredited online degrees require you to take a few courses on site at a campus location, the majority of them are 100% online programs and can be fully completed from your home or any other location with an internet connection. If you have ever had an interest in another field, whether professional or not, accredited online degree programs are a great option. Once you have enrolled, you will receive a personalized course of study with ongoing guidance from the online school's faculty and advisors. You will be treated with respect and dignity, and you won't be just another student paying good money but receiving little attention. Many schools offering accredited online degrees do require weekly attendance and participation.

This is a common requirement, however, and is also relatively easy to fulfill, especially since you can fulfill this requirement at any time of day. Whether it's early in the morning before your day starts or late at night after everyone has gone to bed, you can earn any of the accredited online degrees when it is most convenient for you and your schedule. This article is originally published here: Accredited Online Degrees



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Entrepreneurial icon sponsors prepaid mastercard

If there ever was a living, breathing version of the American Dream, it would be Farrah Gray. A self-made millionaire by age 14, Gray is now an internationally known and respected entrepreneur and business leader who addresses more than half a million people per year on topics such as leadership, personal development, diversity, business development and financial management. His newest venture, with First Premier Bank and Diamond Financial Products, is the "goFarr" card, a prepaid MasterCard featuring his likeness. The card is designed to increase financial literacy and freedom for those without a credit history or who are unable to get access to a line of credit. Because the card is prepaid, there are no interest payments, credit checks or employment requirements, and unlike most prepaid cards, the goFarr card has no monthly fees. It can be used anywhere debit MasterCard is accepted, including ATMs, and cardholders can use the card to pay bills online or get employers to do a direct deposit onto the card.

Cardholders can monitor when, where and how much they spend 24 hours a day through Web and telephone access to account information. They soon will also get financial tips from Gray through live chats, podcasts and e-mail discussions. "When I look at the fact that one-quarter of 18- to 24-year-olds are 'un-banked,' I see that it is also a problem that plagues low-income people of all ages," Gray said. "This card can be an empowering tool that will instill valuable budgeting habits and responsible money-management skills." Gray became an entrepreneur at age 6, selling body lotion door-to-door. At age 7, he carried a business card that read "21st Century CEO." At 13, he started Farr-Out Foods, a specialty foods company in New York. He became a published author at 19 with his financial self-help book "Reallionaire." "Farrah Gray is one of the great business minds and icons of his generation," said Keith Byrd, chief operating officer of Diamond Financial Products. "At the age of 21, he has achieved more than many achieve in a lifetime. To those who become cardholders and are able to access financial advice from Farrah Gray, you too have the possibility to 'goFarr.'"



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Calibrating your pedometer

There are literally hundreds of pedometers on the market, and while many will do all sorts of things, some of which have nothing to do with walking or running, they all are designed to do at least one thing: measure how many steps you have taken and use that to compute how far you have traveled. If all you are interested in is how many steps you have taken, then clip that pedometer to your belt and start walking. But if you want to know how far you have walked or run in a day, or a week, then you must give the pedometer some information about yourself. Specifically, the pedometer must know the length of your stride. This article will tell you how to gauge that length to properly calibrate your pedometer. First, a caveat: your stride length will vary considerably during your routine depending on certain factors. For example, your stride length will be longer when you are running than it is when you are walking. Your stride is likely to be shorter when going uphill as opposed to walking on a level surface.

Walking with a group of people may cause you to move at different speeds and at different stride lengths as you compensate for the movement of your partners. Walking a dog will give you strides that go from very short to very long depending on the whims of your dog, but that is for a different time. So, one of the steps will be to compensate for these differences, if necessary. Okay, let’s begin the calibration process. You will need some place where you can measure out a distance of about 60 to 70 feet (18.3 to 21.3 meters). The sidewalk in front of your home is good, or a large parking lot or school yard. And you will need a measuring device such as a 100’ tape measure. You should plan on measuring at least four stride lengths: normal walk, brisk or fast walk, jog, and run. The procedure will be that same for all of these.

Select a starting point and mark it; then walk normally for ten paces and mark the end. Measure the length with the tape measure and record the result. Divide the result by twelve to give you the number of inches in each step. Repeat this procedure for a brisk walk, a jog and a run. For all of these you might want to begin a few paces behind the starting point that you established earlier so that you are moving at the proper speed for that stride for all ten steps. If you know that you will be walking, and just walking, at a regular pace during your routine, then you can just use the stride length for walking that you calculated. Read the instructions for entering that information into your pedometer. If, however, you will be walking part of the time combined with running or jogging then you will have to use an average of the measurements that you took of all of these strides.

Simply add the totals that you calculated and divide by four, or the number of strides that you measured. This gives you a number that is less than your running stride, but longer than your walking stride. Some pedometers will give you the option of entering a stride length for both walking and running, but this means that you will have to tell the pedometer when you are walking and when you are running. That seems like a lot of trouble to go to if you do both of those things during your regular routine. So, we will make an adjustment for that.

There is one more step to complete in this process. Drive your car along your regular path to determine the correct distance of that path. Then walk the same path using your pedometer. If the pedometer gives you a distance significantly longer or shorter than that which your car’s odometer registered then you will have to adjust the stride length that you entered into your pedometer.

If you are registering a a distance that is longer than that measured with your car, then you must reenter a stride length a few inches shorter. Similarly, if the distance measured by your pedometer is shorter than your car’s odometer, then add a few inches to the stride length. Once you have done this over the course of a few days, then you will have a result which will give you a pretty good measurement of the distance traveled during your routine. You can use this information as a great motivator as you walk or run further in your daily routine.

Now that you have properly set up your pedometer, clip it to your belt and start walking!



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Texas holdem betting strategies

When you eliminate Texas Holdem betting strategies from the poker table, Hold em is nothing more than a game of luck. However, when the chips are on the table poker turns out to be a game of sheer tactics and mental shrewdness The game of Texas Hold em requires two forced bets (per round) called the big blind and small blind. When the betting comes around to you in a clockwise sequence, you have one of four choices: 1. Bet - When you are "under the gun," you place an amount of chips equal to the big blind. This goes into the pot. 2. Call - Calling is matching the the amount of the prior bet. 3. Raise - To call a raise requires you first match what another player bet. Afterward you can "raise" to whatever amount you choose. 4. Fold - To fold is simply dropping out of a hand. Nothing to win. Nothing to lose. When you sit down at the poker table, you will quickly observe there are two extreme bettors. 1. Manic - The Maniac pushes the action, whether he has a hand or not. At first, the Maniac is quick to double or triple his chip stack. For all that, the need for action often leaves the Maniac knocked out of sit and go's or refilling his bankroll. 2. Passive - The Rock often checks or calls and never raises unless he possesses a monster hand. Due to his passiveness, the Rock constantly loses chips and is in the long run out of the tournament and having to refill his account. Texas Hold em betting is not just throwing chips into the pot, or paying to see the flop. Actually, there is a strategy, which should be involved. David Sklansky said there are five reasons why you place a bet: 1. You want to get more chips in the pot. 2. You want to drive other players out. 3. You want to bluff (or semi-bluff). 4. You want to get a free card. 5. You want to gain information on the other player (s). Here are five poker betting strategies you can use to improve your Texas holdem poker play. 1. Value Bet: With the value bet, you are proding for information. The feeler bet will always let you know where you stand in the hand. If you never bet, you will never know what your opponents are holding. It is for this purpose you use it to get a "feel" for the strength of your hand also the strength of your opponents hand. 2. Stealing the Blinds: A strategy worth expanding in poker is taking down uncontested blinds and pots! Stealing the blinds over time will win you more money than you will lose. There some things you should give thought to before you start stealing the blinds is the caliber of players at the table, your own table image, sensing weakness at the table and the size of the bet. 3. Check Raise: This is also known as trapping. The check raise works by acting weak in hopes of hiding your strength. With any luck, this will induce a bluff or at least a misinformed bet from your opponent to get him to put his chips to the pot. 4. Continuation Bet: Representing the Flop is showing strength before the flop, most often with over cards. Oftentimes you will miss the flop, but continue to show strength through betting, as if you have a real hand. The secret to successfully pulling off the continuation bet is to narrow your opponents down to one or two at the most. Here is the rule of representing the flop: If you make a pre-flop raise, you must bet after the flop. Period. This includes when you do not hit your cards. Do not be one of those morons who raises with Big Slick before the flop...only to check after the flop when it comes out garbage. Players who do that are faint of heart. 5. Squeezing: You squeeze when you believe someone is on a flush or straight draw but does not have it. Raising in this situation may keep the player from staying in the hand, not wanting to put at risk his stack on the likelihood of missing his straight or flush. Watch out, unless you already have a strong hand, this type of texas holdem betting strategy could boomerang. Try putting into practice these five Hold'em betting strategies and watch your Holdem game improve.



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How to attract personal happiness

Copyright 2006 Margaret Stead The 'Golden Rule' occurred in the Greek and Chinese cultures thousands of years before the Christian era: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." The spirit of the Golden Rule is one of generosity and altruism and is at the heart of any personal networking and 'right' living. Ralph Waldo Emerson said 'To have a friend, you have to be one', and his words are as true today as they ever were. You can test this out yourself by completing the following simple exercise: List ten people you know best: 1 - 10 After each name, write an 'H' if the person is happy, or an 'N' if the person is not happy. (H/N S/N) Then write an 'S' if the person is selfish or a 'U' for unselfish. Rimland in Psychological Reports (51); Brain/Mind Bulletin 1983 defines 'selfish' as: "A stable tendency to devote one's time and resources to one's own interests and welfare - an unwillingness to inconvenience oneself for others." In his experimental study, the 2000 individuals who completed this exercise reported very few individuals who were both happy and selfish. The findings represent an interesting paradox. Selfish people are, by definition, those whose activities are devoted to bringing themselves happiness. Yet at least as judged by others, these selfish people are far less likely to be happy than those whose efforts are devoted to making others happy. So the Golden Rule in networking, as in life, is if you think about the other person rather than yourself, not only is that going to increase your empathy and rapport skills but it will make you a much more attractive person to know and be a magnet for personal happiness. Another vital part of your networking skills is your ability to build rapport quickly and effectively with others. Successful rapport building will attract others to you and in turn attract personal happiness. To build rapport successfully with another individual you need to understand 'where' they are coming from and have 'empathy' with them. People often think of empathy as a mystical commodity, a special, almost uncanny ability to experience the thoughts and feelings of someone else. In fact 'empathy' is quite simply applied imagination and only requires a little exertion and discipline. The next time you are sitting in a room conversing with three or more people, try this very simple activity: Temporarily remove yourself from the conversation. Be very quiet for a few moments. Pay particular attention to the person doing the most talking. Imagine the following things: Imagine the physical sensations the speaker is experiencing. Mentally place yourself in that person's body, sitting or standing in a particular position, eating the same food, drinking the same drink. Mentally become that person. Do you feel energised? Tired? Irritated? Imagine what kind of day the speaker has had - using all your knowledge about the speakers' day. If you know little about the person, guess. Continue to imagine yourself as that person. How does your day colour and affect what you are saying? Imagine the person's relationship's to everyone in the room - including yourself. Continue to mentally be that person. What kind of feelings are generated by the people around you? How do they affect the things you say? Now step back into yourself and rejoin the scene. Does your own role in the conversation feel different? Empathy, like memory is a creative act, not a mystical property and it requires imagination and practice. It lies within the grasp of all of us.



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Review of the changing protein requirements for seniors

Youth, it is said, is wasted on the young. Too busy figuring life they hardly take the time to enjoy it. Fortunately, with medical research and scientific progress, lifespans have doubled over the last century. We can now start life at fifty and have another go at youth. Health consciousness, appropriate diet and exercise, can make the later years of life a pleasant experience. Dietary principles play as especially important role in this regard. Compensating for the physiological changes of aging, they can give us better odds at achieving our genetically determined lifespans. The advancing years experience a complex interplay of changes affecting the mind, body, and the environment. Alterations in organs systems and cellular function can often predispose to malnutrition and a host of chronic illnesses (Servan 1999). Some of these problems can be attributed to the decrease in the total protein content and are in themselves preventable with appropriate attention to the protein content of the diet. A decrease in protein turnover, such as that seen in aging, has far reaching effects (Chernoff 2004).

Vital organ systems like the heart and lungs slow down, becoming incapable of further exertion. Neural processes like thought, planning and cognition are also affected. The immune system becomes weak, exhibiting a delay and difficultly in dealing with infections (Thompson 1987). Wound healing and repair, which requires a constant supply of amino acids, is also compromised. Another issue associated with aging is the reduced capacity to deal with free radical species. These highly reactive molecules are produced by cells under stress.

Free radicals can precipitate a chain reaction, damaging cell membranes and the genetic code. They have been implicated in a variety of disease processes from infection, heart attacks and cancer. This inability to handle free radicals is also responsible for aging. It is now believed a high protein diet can be helpful in attenuating many of these problems (Chernoff 2004).

Merely providing proteins through regular diets fail to meet the special requirements of the elderly. A protein supplement is often needed to ensure easy digestion, rapid absorption and assimilation. The protein supplement should also be of good quality and contain all the essential amino acids in adequate quantity. Such a supplement can adequately provide essential amino acids irrespective of the gut’s ability to assimilate them.

Such a protein supplement will be able to address the increase protein demand and malnutrition seen in the elderly, restoring the ability to build and repair tissues. A good protein supplement also has other significant benefits in the elderly that often go unrecognized. A high protein diet has a ‘thermogenic’ or fat-burning effect. The body spends more energy to assimilate protein than carbohydrates or fats.

This energy is often derived from the adipose tissue, thus burning fat in exchange for protein (Bloomgarden 2004). Then if the protein supplement has whey in it, it can also inhibit cholesterol absorption in the gut, reducing the risk of obesity and cardiac disease (Nagaoka 1996). Protein supplements that have casein can form a clot in the gut, thereby slowing down intestinal motility (Boirie et al. 1997) and giving the gut enough time to absorb all the amino acids from a meal. This property is important considering that aging also slows down and compromises digestion. Protein supplements that combine casein with whey multiply the advantages of each component. Both casein and whey protein have a group of substances called kinins that can lower blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels (FitzGerald, 2004.

). Both proteins enhance the immune system through several mechanisms (Ha and Zemel, 2003). Lactoferrin, in whey protein, binds iron and depriving many micro-organisms of a growth stimulus. Free iron induces the formation of free radicals and is one factor responsible for colon cancer. This is also prevented by protein supplements that contain lactoferrin (whey). Whey also has other antioxidants to offer. It is rich in cysteine, a precursor of Glutathione that is potent at mopping up free radicals (Counous, 2000).

This generalized improvement in antioxidant capacity can counter cancerous and aging processes seen in the later years of life. Whey protein is also known to enhance memory as it promotes the synthesis of a neurotransmitter, serotonin that is involved in cognition and thought (Markus 2002). Milk basic protein, a component of whey, has the ability to stimulate proliferation and differentiation of bone forming cells as well as suppress bone resorption as found in vitro and animal studies. This can protect against weak bones, or osteoporosis, especially in the post-menopausal women (Toba 2000). Thus there is extensive medical literature in support of a high protein, casein and whey supplement in the elderly population. These studies have also failed to document any major adverse effects with long-term intake of such supplements. Such a supplement can go a long way in making the later years of life more productive and fruitful. REFERENCES 1. Arnal MA, Mosoni L, Boirie Y, et al (1999). Protein pulse feeding improves protein retention in elderly women. Am J Clin Nutr; 69: 1202-1208. 2. Bloomgarden ZT, Diet and Diabetes. Diabetes Care, volume 27, number 11, 2004 3. Boirie Y, Dangin, M, Gachon P, Vasson, M. P et al. (1997) Slow and fast dietary proteins differently modulate postprandial protein accretion. Proclamations of National Academy of Sciences, 94: 14930-14935. 4. Bounous G (2000). Whey protein concentrates (WPC) and glutathione modulation in cancer treatment. Anticancer Res 20:4785-4792. 5. Campbell WW, Crim MC, Dallal GE, Young VR and Evans WJ(1994).Increased protein requirements in elderly people: new data and retrospective reassessments. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 60, 501-509. 6. Chernoff R (2004). Protein and Older Adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 23, 627S-630S. 7. Counous, G (2000). Whey protein concentrates (WPC) and glutathione modulation in cancer treatment. Anticancer Research, 20: 4785-4792 8. FitzGerald R J, Murray B A, and. Walsh D J (2004). Hypotensive Peptides from Milk Proteins. J. Nutr. 134: 980S–988S. 9. Ha, E. and Zemel, M. B (2003). Functional properties of whey, whey components, and essential amino acids: mechanisms underlying health benefits for active people. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 14: 251-258. 10. Hernanz A., Fernaґndez-Vivancos E., Montiel (2000). Changes in the intracellular homocysteine and glutathione content associated with aging. Life Sci, 67: 1317–1324. 11. Kent KD, Harper WJ, Bomser JA (2003). Effect of whey protein isolate on intracellular glutathione and oxidant-induced cell death in human prostate epithelial cells. Toxicol in Vitro, 17(1):27-33. 12. Lands LC, Grey VL, Smountas AA (1999). Effect of supplementation with a cysteine donor on muscular performance. J Appl Physiol 87:1381-1385. 13. MacKay D. Miller AL, 2003. Nutritional support for wound healing. Altern Med Rev; 8:359-377 14. Markus C R, Olivier B, and Haan E (2002). Whey protein rich in α - lactalbumin increases the ratio of plasma tryptophan to the sum of the other large neutral amino acids and improves cognitive performance in stress-vulnerable subjects. Am J Clin Nutr, 75:1051–6. 15. Meyyazhagan S,. Palmer R. M (2002). Nutritional requirements with aging. Prevention of disease. Clin Geriatr Med, 18: 557–576. 16. Nagaoka S (1996). Studies on regulation of cholesterol metabolism induced by dietary food constituents or xenobiotics. J Jpn Soc Nutr Food Sci, 49:303-313. 17. Servan R P, Sanchez-Vilar O, de Villar G N (1999). Geriatric nutrition. Nutr Hosp, 14 Suppl 2:32S-42S. 18. Shah NP (2000). Effects of milk-derived bioactives: an overview. Br J Nutr, 84:S3-S10. 19. Thompson JS, Robbins J, Cooper JK (1987). Nutrition and immune function in the geriatric population. Clin Geriatr Med, 3(2):309-17. 20. Toba Y, Takada Y, Yamamura J, et al (2000). Milk basic protein: a novel protective function of milk against osteoporosis. Bone 27:403-408. 21. Walzem RL, Dillard CJ, German JB (2002). Whey components: millennia of evolution create functionalities for mammalian nutrition: what we know and what we may be overlooking. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 42:353-375. 22. Weinberg ED 1996. The role of iron in cancer. Eur J Cancer Prev, 5:19-36.



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Tips for getting over colds

People in the U. S suffer about one billion colds annually, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. While that statistic is nothing to sneeze at, there is news that may bring many cold sufferers at least some relief: The right steps can help make colds easier to bear. Try these tips: Catching A Cold? A cold usually comes on slowly. Early symptoms include feeling tired, sneezing, coughing and having a runny nose. People who have colds do not always have fevers, or sometimes their fevers are very low-one to two degrees above normal. When you feel a cold coming on, try to stay home and rest, especially if you have a fever. It's a good idea to stop smoking and to avoid secondhand smoke while you are ill (and while you're healthy, too) and to keep away from alcohol. Take The Right Vitamins Not all vitamins get an "A+" when it comes to helping you stay healthy. Research now shows that some forms of vitamin C, such as Ester-C, provide an advanced type of protection. The patented supplement also contains vitamin C metabolites that may increase its effectiveness, and it is shown to work in the immune system for 24 hours. It is also pH balanced, which makes it gentler on the stomach than regular vitamin C-ascorbic acid. Similarly, not all vitamin E is the same. Ester-E is a patented form of vitamin E that is readily utilized by the body. Its unique properties help to protect its potency and its antioxidant strength. What To Eat Doctors say the old adage about needing to starve a cold doesn't hold water. In fact, it's a good idea to focus on eating healthful, balanced meals while you are sick. You may find that lighter foods are easier to eat when you are ill (think soups, eggs, plain salads, etc.). It's also important to drink plenty of fluids, such as water and juice. Fluids help loosen the mucus that usually lines the chests of people with colds. Fluids are also important if you have a fever, because fever can cause dehydration. Treating Symptoms It's a good idea to talk with your doctor about which cold medicine may work best for your particular cold. For instance, your doctor might recommend an analgesic to relieve aches and pains and reduce fever, or an antitussive to help with coughing. If you can't get to a drug - store, simple home remedies-such as gargling with warm salt water a few times a day to relieve a sore throat-often help with symptoms.



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Stay healthy and young

Yes, it is possible for the people of all ages to keep themselves healthy, physically fit and young looking throughout their whole lives. Just take the following three steps and enjoy a healthy, happy and a long life. 1. Eat Balanced Food It’s OK to eat for taste or for fun and eat whatever you like most but only occasionally. Remember, if you develop bad eating habits then you would have to pay its price in the shape of bad health and illness. Hope you are wise enough not to play with your health. Eat a wide variety of foods containing a good balance of carbohydrates, vitamins, food fiber and minerals, which are essential elements of a healthy diet. Eat simple and natural foods that are easily digestable and promote good health. Fruits, vegetables, green leaves, grains, whole grain breads, fish, poultry, low fat dairy products, honey, nuts etc. are good and nourishing food. Limit you intake of full-fat milk, full-fat yogurt, cheese, chocolate, ice cream, milk shakes, cakes, eggs, all kind of fried foods, red meat, sugar and salt. 2. Exercise Regularly A simple way of living a healthy life is to exercise regularly. Regular exercise keeps your body in good shape, physically as well as mentally. It increases your stamina, builds and tones your muscles and energize your whole body. It also reduces the chances of having heart attacks, colon cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure. Engage yourself in some kind of regular exercise of your own choice; brisk walking, jogging, hiking, swimming, dancing, cycling, skiing, climbing, aerobics or yoga. These are good exercises. Choose one or more exercises which you like most. Do it regularly. Give top priority to your health. Put it in your agenda. Make it a part of your goal. 3. Get Rid of Negativity If you are a person with negative approach to everything then nothing will work for you. Even eating the balanced diet and taking part in regular physical activity will not show any sign of recovery in your body if it is charged with negativity. Get rid of negative feelings about yourself and others. Think positive, feel positive, be friendly with positive people, read a lot of self improvement and motivational material and charge your body with positive currents. Depression, stress, tension and anxiety are the products of negative thinking about life and thus increases your chances of having a heart attack and other diseases like colon cancer, high blood pressure, indigestion problems, gastric troubles, body pains, headaches etc. Find the reasons of depression and try to address them through positive thinking and a sensible approach to day to day problems. Learn from your mistakes and try your best not to repeat them. Get rid of negativity and enjoy a healthy life!



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Eleven money saving tips that will extend the life of your refrigerator freezer and lower the cost of energy in atlanta

To reduce the need of repairs, use the following preventative measures. Proper maintenance and care is essential in keeping your refrigerator and freezer running efficiently. Improper care will cause your unit to overwork by using more electricity to keep you clothes clean than if properly maintained. By following these tips, you can prolong the life of your refrigerator/freezer and avoid many costly repairs. Eleven money saving tips that will extend the life of your refrigerator/freezer and lower the cost of energy in Atlanta. 1. Always ship refrigerators upright. Placing the refrigerator on the side may cause a Freon leak that will prevent cooling. Placing refrigerator on its back will damage the condenser coils and cause the compressor to fail because if the unit is restarted before allowing the oil enough time to drain out of the lines and compressor back into the oil chamber. 2. Locate refrigerators away from heat sources like your range, a radiator, or a sunny window. To prevent overheating and system failure, do not locate the refrigerator near anything that can restrict the airflow to the motor, coils and compressor. Also, do not place refrigerators on top of carpeting because most condensers are located under the refrigerator and carpeting retains heat and restrict air flow. 3. To avoid burning out the compressor, always plug the refrigerator directly into the wall. If you absolutely need to run an extension chord, make sure a heavy duty, 3-pronged extensions cord. If unsure, consult the manufacturer specifications in the user guide. 4. Never run frost-free refrigerators with freezer compartments in unheated areas with air temperature below 60 degrees. When the air temperature goes below 60 F, the compressor runs less, keeping temperatures in the refrigerator compartment cold enough for fresh food but not cold enough in the freezer. At air temperatures below 40 F, the compressor stops running, so the freezer compartment rises to air temperature and food thaws and spoils. Also below 32 F, water melted during the automatic defrost cycle may freeze again and block air passages. 5. When leaving for an extended time like a vacation or other long trip discard perishable food, turn off the ice maker and leave the refrigerator on. 6. Do not over fill the refrigerator because cold air can't circulate freely to regulate the temperature food. 7. To prevent odors and food quality; cover or wrap all exposed foods. Clean up spills and remove spoiled food immediately 8. Clean the refrigerator/freezer regularly by taking out all food and removable interior parts. Wash with a mild house hold detergent or baking soda and rinse with warm water. Rinse and wipe dry. Take out removable glass shelves and plastic and repeat the procedure. Be careful not put cold glass or plastic in hot water; they may crack. Clean the door gasket with detergent solution; rinse and dry. Do not use abrasives. 9. Especially in warmer climates like Atlanta and its long hot summers, it is recommended to clean condenser coils twice a year by gently brushing off the buildup that may cause overheating. 10. Regularly clean the seals in order to maintain proper temperature control and system efficiency. Atlanta, Georgia has high humidity, to prevent mold growth, clean the seals monthly with warm water and a mild detergent 11. Sweep or vacuum dust and other debris under and around your refrigerator to promote good airflow and temperature. By following these tips, you can prolong the life of unit and avoid many costly repairs. Nonetheless, there are times when a repair is needed; in North Georgia contact Atlanta Refrigerator Repair. Atlanta Refrigerator Repair can fix most brands and models of refrigerators and freezer including Kenmore, Whirlpool, General Electric, Amana, Maytag, Jenn-Air, Insinkerator, Frigidaire, Sub Zero, Kitchen Aide, Magic Chef, and Scottsman. They repair most refrigerator problems including poor cooling, leaks, loud noises and icemakers. Attempting to repair a refrigerator or freezer without proper training and safety standards is dangerous. Refrigerators and freezers should only be repaired by skilled professionals who have the knowledge and experience to safely bring them out of disrepair. Repairs performed by unqualified people risk serious injury or even death. A relatively small outlet can easily carry 150 times the current needed to kill a person. Atlanta Refrigerator Repair can be reached at (678)-391-9243 or info@Atlantrefrigeratorrepair. com for fast, reliable professional service. They service most of Atlanta and North Georgia including Fulton, Cobb, Dekalb, Gwinnett and Cherokee Counties. Some of the municipalities serviced include Alpharetta, Roswell, Marietta, Decatur, College Park and Duluth. Proper maintenance and care is essential in keeping your refrigerator and freezer running efficiently improper care will cause your unit to overwork By following these tips, you can prolong the life of your refrigerator/freezer and avoid many costly repairs. By Manuel Enrique Lopez "QuiQue" is Chief Marketing Officer Home Partners Associates in Atlanta.



Online Eleven money saving tips that will extend the life of your refrigerator freezer and lower the cost of energy in atlanta

Refinishing your hardwood floors as a alternative to replacement

Refinishing your hardwood floors is an excellent alternative to replacing them with engineered or snap together products. It’s also very cost effective and can turn out to be the best investment for the future value of your home. If you are ambitious, you can take on this project yourself by renting the equipment required, and having patience and some time to do the job. If not, there are many professional refinishers available in most areas that can be used to do a speedy, efficient job. Get an estimate from a professional in any case. It can be very satisfying to know how much money you are saving if you do the job yourself. It’s actually not that difficult to refinish a wood floor yourself. You’ll need a drum or belt sander and multiple grades of sandpaper to go with it. You can rent the sander from your local hardware store, and most likely, they can suggest the grades of sandpaper you will require. Standard grade is about 20, but you may need up to 100 to get gouges and real rough spots out. Be sure to also obtain dust masks for you face, or a respirator, as you will be generating lots of wood and finish dust. You might want to isolate the room you are doing away from other rooms in your house with plastic sheeting. Ventilation in the work area is a must.

You have removed all the furniture and wall hangings like paintings from the room, right? Before you start sanding, check the floor for any nails, staples or tacks that may be protruding above the surface. These things can tear up your sandpaper quickly and even ruin the sander belt or disk if they are not removed. The key to good sanding is to keep the sander moving and go with the wood grain, not across it. If you stop while the sander is running, you may produce a gouge or burn in that area. You should also consider wearing ear protection while doing this job. These sanders are loud. Don’t wear very loose fitting clothing that may get caught by the sander. Gloves are very helpful as well. After your finished sanding, clean the area extremely well by first sweeping up with a broom, then a shop vac and finally a damp mop. Let the floor dry and settle overnight. Damp mop again the next morning and allow to dry a few more hours.

What type of finish did you decide on? Three coats are usually required, the base coat, the color (if used) and the top coat for durability. Pick from an oil based or polyurethane, water based finish. If you select an oil based finish, you need to decide if you want a satin, semi gloss or gloss finish. A satin oil based finish, just like a semi gloss or flat wall paint, hide blemishes better. Water based products dry much more quickly and resist any yellowing that might occur. PLEASE pick a corner and try your stain selection BEFORE you finish the entire floor. I can’t stress this enough. If you are satisfied with the results, you can apply the stain to the rest of the floor using a brush or roller and evening it out with a clean soft rag. Be sure to let the coats dry according to the manufacturer’s directions.

Remember, again, ventilation is REQUIRED for you and your room. Refinishing is a means to increase durability of your floor and enhance its appearance, and is a three-stage process of sanding, staining, and finishing that CAN be done yourself.



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I wonder where the wonder went

: I was a fifth grader the first time I flew on a commercial flight. I remember being amazed that I could get all the soft drinks I wanted for free. I remember the wonder of looking out at the clouds and the topography far below. I remember watching us land. The entire thing was a great adventure and I was full of wonder. In college, as I flew once in awhile, I always got a window seat - I wanted to be able to watch the ground pass below me. The wonderment of it all - the patterns and beauty of looking out the window was overwhelming. Yes, I would sometimes read or do something else, but much of the flight I would sit… and stare… and be in wonder of it all. Soon after I started working, I found myself flying a bit more, and it became clear that during my business life that I would fly. I mentioned once to my Mom, who loves to fly, that I’d never lose that great feeling that an airplane flight brings - and that I would always get window seats. Somewhere along the way from flying once every couple months to flying 100,000 miles per year I moved to the aisle. I lost the wonder of it all. Last week, I had a window seat and stopped working or reading long enough to spend some time looking out the window.

Today, as I write this, I have just finished 20 minutes of window gazing. Some of the wonder is back! There are many things in our lives that we once considered wonderful (full of wonder). Many of those things we now take for granted. All of this makes me wonder, where the wonder has gone. Where’s the Wonder? I believe seeing the wonder in things around us is one of the ways we make our lives more meaningful and enjoyable. This is one of the reasons we go on vacations. Yes, some people’s vacations consist of little more than a beach (which can be wonderful in many ways!

). But many more people take time to learn new things on vacations, by going to museums and art galleries. Many of us travel to exotic places to marvel at sites, and cultures and foods. Wonder plays a big part in the allure of these trips and the satisfaction gained from the experiences. You may be thinking, is wonder really such a big deal? I would say a resounding yes! Why? Think about it, the absence of wonder, is often called boredom, or worse, cynicism. These are not things that people aspire to! While we can all certainly experience wonder in new things - new locations, new experiences, new books, new ideas, I believe I found an important key to a more enjoyable life outside the plane window. That key is to add more wonder to life by re-capturing past wonder, and finding new wonder in the things I do each day. Re-discovering Wonder There are several things we can do to add to the wonder in our lives - to make our lives more wonder-full.

1. Look at things with fresh eyes. Think about things that have become habit for you. The next time you do them, do them as if you were a beginner again. Start with your drive or commute to work. Make it an exercise in finding wonder. For example, perhaps you go by a school on your way. Spend some time thinking about things from your kidhood days in school. Then try this “fresh-eyed” approach to other routine tasks. 2. Make a list of things you found wonderful at different stages in your life. If you write a journal do it there.

If not, make these lists instead of watching TV one evening. Once you have the list, spend some time reveling in those wonders. Think too about how you could re-experience those things again. 3. Make a list of wonders you find each day or week. Again, a great journaling task, or a great routine to add to your planning for a new week. 4. Plan a mini-vacation or a day trip to someplace wonderful for you. I grew up on a farm, so a drive in the country in spring or fall is particularly helpful in restoring my sense of wonder in the growing process.

Others might find your mini day to be boring - help them see your wonder - and in turn you will experience your own at a deeper level. Then go with them when they try to recapture their own. 5. Go to an old event, focused on different things. The next time you go to a ball game, focus less on the action, and more on the spectators, or vice versa. Go shopping and shop for something entirely different than you usually would. You get the idea. These are just a few ideas to help you re-infuse your life with wonder. This idea is really taking hold in my life, in small ways each day is more wonder-full and more meaningful as well. I believe when you choose to rediscover your wonder, you’ll benefit in the same ways. You know, the Mississippi River is an awesome sight from 31,000 feet.



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Circumstances impacting the quality of meat

CIRCUMSTANCES IMPACTING THE QUALITY OF MEAT. During the period between the birth and maturity of animals, their flesh undergoes very considerable changes. For instance, when the animal is young, the fluids which the tissues of the muscles contain, possess a large proportion of what is called albumen . This albumen, which is also the chief component of the white of eggs, possesses the peculiarity of coagulating or hardening at a certain temperature, like the white of a boiled egg, into a soft, white fluid, no longer soluble, or capable of being dissolved in water. As animals grow older, this peculiar animal matter gradually decreases, in proportion to the other constituents of the juice of the flesh.

Thus, the reason why veal, lamb are white, and without gravy when cooked, is, that the large quantity of albumen they contain hardens, or becomes coagulated. On the other hand, the reason why beef and mutton are brown, and have gravy , is, that the proportion of albumen they contain, is small, in comparison with their greater quantity of fluid which is soluble, and not coagulable. The quality of the flesh of an animal is considerably influenced by the nature of the food on which it has been fed ; for the food supplies the material which produces the flesh. If the food be not suitable and good, the meat cannot be good either. To the experienced in this matter, it is well known that the flesh of animals fed on farinaceous produce, such as corn, pulse, &c., is firm, well-flavoured, and also economical in the cooking; that the flesh of those fed on succulent and pulpy substances, such as roots, possesses these qualities in a somewhat less degree; whilst the flesh of those whose food contains fixed oil, as linseed, is greasy, high coloured, and gross in the fat, and if the food has been used in large quantities, possessed of a rank flavour. It is indispensable to the good quality of meat, that the animal should be perfectly healthy at the time of its slaughter. However slight the disease in an animal may be, inferiority in the quality of its flesh, as food, is certain to be produced. In most cases, indeed, as the flesh of diseased animals has a tendency to very rapid putrefaction, it becomes not only unwholesome, but absolutely poisonous, on account of the absorption of the virus of the unsound meat into the systems of those who partake of it. The external indications of good and bad meat will be described under its own particular head, but we may here premise that the layer of all wholesome meat, when freshly killed, adheres firmly to the bone. Another circumstance greatly affecting the quality of meat, is the animal's treatment before it is slaughtered .

This influences its value and wholesomeness in no inconsiderable degree. It will be easy to understand this, when we reflect on those leading principles by which the life of an animal is supported and maintained. These are, the digestion of its food, and the assimilation of that food into its substance. Nature, in effecting this process, first reduces the food in the stomach to a state of pulp, under the name of chyme, which passes into the intestines, and is there divided into two principles, each distinct from the other. One, a milk-white fluid, the nutritive portion, is absorbed by innumerable vessels which open upon the mucous membrane, or inner coat of the intestines. These vessels, or absorbents, discharge the fluid into a common duct, or road, along which it is conveyed to the large veins in the neighbourhood of the heart. Here it is mixed with the venous blood (which is black and impure) returning from every part of the body, and then it supplies the waste which is occasioned in the circulating stream by the arterial (or pure) blood having furnished matter for the substance of the animal. The blood of the animal having completed its course through all parts, and having had its waste recruited by the digested food, is now received into the heart, and by the action of that organ it is urged through the lungs, there to receive its purification from the air which the animal inhales.

Again returning to the heart, it is forced through the arteries, and thence distributed, by innumerable ramifications, called capillaries, bestowing to every part of the animal, life and nutriment. The other principle the innutritive portion passes from the intestines, and is thus got rid of. It will now be readily understood how flesh is affected for bad, if an animal is slaughtered when the circulation of its blood has been increased by over-driving, ill-usage, or other causes of excitement, to such a degree of rapidity as to be too great for the capillaries to perform their functions, and causing the blood to be congealed in its minuter vessels. Where this has been the case, the meat will be dark-coloured, and become rapidly putrid; so that self-interest and humanity alike dictate kind and gentle treatment of all animals destined to serve as food for man.



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