Advertising blog free site web

Advertising Your Blog on Other Websites for Free: How You Can Take Advantage of a No-Cost Strategy There are several ways you can advertise your blog on other websites without paying a single cent. The trick is to find these channels and determine which ones will work for you. Here are just a few techniques you can use: Advertise on other blogs. You could build a reciprocal relationship with other bloggers, particularly those whose content are related (but not necessarily similar) to yours. If your blog is about gadget and industry news, for example, you could advertise it for free on another blog that offers gadget reviews. By becoming partners with a non-competitor, you take advantage of his market for the right type of exposure without alienating anyone. It's fair, it works and it's for free. Use social media. Social media revolutionized many aspects of the Internet, particularly because it presents a new way of communicating and sharing information. It broke many barriers, allowing people from across the globe to build and join networks, both for personal and business purposes. Social media are sites that can be used to advertise your blogs for free. Nearly all types of businesses that exist on the Internet use social media for promotional activities. The demographics here are clearly defined, people can communicate in a more personal manner and since social media is an accepted platform for marketing, people who read your ads regarding your blog are more likely to be receptive to it. Best of all, advertising your blog on these websites is free. Use a network. To build buzz and gain momentum in the blog universe, you need support from likeminded individuals. Bloggers don't really advertise themselves actively against other bloggers. Instead, they compete with one another by ensuring they have better content and easier to use sites. Although simply maintaining a good blog will help attract other blogs wishing to link up with you, you might also want to actively pursue associations with other popular blogs. Many of the best bloggers around are generous enough to give you a bit of support and will gladly mention your blog in one of their posts. Best of all, a network helps you increase your reach for the same amount of effort. Use article databases. Article databases are repositories of write-ups that bloggers and site owners use. If you choose this route, know that this is a rather indirect way of promoting your blog. It is quite effective nonetheless, particularly if you want to build buzz regarding your ability to provide useful information. Try to search out a specific topic online and chances are, you will find an article written by blogger in an article database. Read this article. At the end, you will notice that the blogger had included his/her name, a short description of himself, what he does, the name of his company and a link back to his site. Sometimes, a blogger might even include a few links to some of his write-ups within the text of the article. This is to entice the reader to click on the link and find related information on the writer's blog. Using links in this manner allows you to advertise your blog for free on a separate website. There's no cost involved here, particularly if you wrote the article and performed the submission yourself. If you prefer to spend a little bit, you could also use copywriting and submission services for a reasonable cost. While this isn’t free advertising for your blog, you still get to expand your presence using another website.



Online Advertising blog free site web

Credit card refunds when and how to ask for your money back

I’m sure most people have dealt at least once with unsatisfactory service. Quality complaints, products not up to standards or not what you would’ve expected. And, in the good American fashion, what did you do? You disputed the charges with the credit card company/bank, being almost sure that you won’t be charged anything… right? Well, it might not have been the best decision. And here’s why: The “money back guarantee” condition only applies if you are indeed eligible to get the money back. If you just had a change of heart and decided you don’t want the product you just bought, chances are you won’t see a penny if the company that you bought it from and from where you request the money back now decides to dispute the case. In this case, it’ll be almost as if you’re going to court with that company: your bank and the company will present their arguments before a chargeback committee which will decide on whose side the truth lies. And if they rule in favor of the company, not only you will not get the money back, but you’ll also pay a chargeback fee… So the entire thing might end up costing you more than expected. So here’s my advice: Don’t just go and dispute just about any charges you don’t like anymore… Some people do this thinking they can get the money back AND keep whatever product they have purchased. You might be in a lot more trouble then you’d expect and it’s just not worth it. First off, when you buy something, especially over the internet, read carefully the Terms & Conditions of the website. I know, it sounds boring and it’s a lot of legal stuff you don’t really want to know, but it could prove important should you not be satisfied with your purchase. If, for whatever reason, you don’t want the product/service anymore, contact the company you got it from. Get in touch via email, phone, regular mail or other means, but talk with them and hear what they have to say. You might get a better deal than just your money back. If the company has a “no refund” policy written in their T&C, this doesn’t mean it’s written in stone. Exceptions can be made if there is no other way. Of course, if all else fails, go talk with your bank. They can advise you regarding the next steps you can take to solve the problem. But if you follow the instructions above, you shouldn’t get there. Or if you do, you have great chances of getting your money back.



Online Credit card refunds when and how to ask for your money back

Discrimination in employment relevant federal laws

Discrimination in employment is prohibited by a series of federal laws. These laws are the following: * Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (commonly referred to as “Title VII”); * Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA); * The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended (ADEA); * The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA); * The Civil Rights Act of 1991 (often referred to as “CRA of 1991”); and * Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. Title VII prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The ADA prohibits employers from discriminating in employment on the basis of disability, in the public sector and in the private sector, but excludes the federal government. The ADEA prohibits employers from discriminating against persons 40 years of age and older. The EPA prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of gender in how they pay for substantially similar work under similar conditions. The CRA of 1991 provides for monetary damages (including punitive damages) in cases of intentional (willful) discrimination and clarifies provisions about disparate impact actions. The Rehabilitation Act, Section 501, prohibits discrimination in employment against federal employees with disabilities. The U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the main federal statutes prohibiting discrimination in employment. The headquarters of the EEOC are located in Washington, D. C., and there are regional offices and local field offices throughout the country. Check telephone information under Federal Government listings for a contact phone number, if you think you may have been subjected to employment discrimination.



Online Discrimination in employment relevant federal laws

The metaphors of the net

I. The Genetic Blueprint A decade after the invention of the World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee is promoting the "Semantic Web". The Internet hitherto is a repository of digital content. It has a rudimentary inventory system and very crude data location services. As a sad result, most of the content is invisible and inaccessible. Moreover, the Internet manipulates strings of symbols, not logical or semantic propositions. In other words, the Net compares values but does not know the meaning of the values it thus manipulates. It is unable to interpret strings, to infer new facts, to deduce, induce, derive, or otherwise comprehend what it is doing. In short, it does not understand language. Run an ambiguous term by any search engine and these shortcomings become painfully evident. This lack of understanding of the semantic foundations of its raw material (data, information) prevent applications and databases from sharing resources and feeding each other. The Internet is discrete, not continuous. It resembles an archipelago, with users hopping from island to island in a frantic search for relevancy. Even visionaries like Berners-Lee do not contemplate an "intelligent Web". They are simply proposing to let users, content creators, and web developers assign descriptive meta-tags ("name of hotel") to fields, or to strings of symbols ("Hilton"). These meta-tags (arranged in semantic and relational "ontologies" - lists of metatags, their meanings and how they relate to each other) will be read by various applications and allow them to process the associated strings of symbols correctly (place the word "Hilton" in your address book under "hotels"). This will make information retrieval more efficient and reliable and the information retrieved is bound to be more relevant and amenable to higher level processing (statistics, the development of heuristic rules, etc.). The shift is from HTML (whose tags are concerned with visual appearances and content indexing) to languages such as the DARPA Agent Markup Language, OIL (Ontology Inference Layer or Ontology Interchange Language), or even XML (whose tags are concerned with content taxonomy, document structure, and semantics). This would bring the Internet closer to the classic library card catalogue. Even in its current, pre-semantic, hyperlink-dependent, phase, the Internet brings to mind Richard Dawkins' seminal work "The Selfish Gene" (OUP, 1976). This would be doubly true for the Semantic Web. Dawkins suggested to generalize the principle of natural selection to a law of the survival of the stable. "A stable thing is a collection of atoms which is permanent enough or common enough to deserve a name". He then proceeded to describe the emergence of "Replicators" - molecules which created copies of themselves. The Replicators that survived in the competition for scarce raw materials were characterized by high longevity, fecundity, and copying-fidelity. Replicators (now known as "genes") constructed "survival machines" (organisms) to shield them from the vagaries of an ever-harsher environment. This is very reminiscent of the Internet. The "stable things" are HTML coded web pages. They are replicators - they create copies of themselves every time their "web address" (URL) is clicked. The HTML coding of a web page can be thought of as "genetic material". It contains all the information needed to reproduce the page. And, exactly as in nature, the higher the longevity, fecundity (measured in links to the web page from other web sites), and copying-fidelity of the HTML code - the higher its chances to survive (as a web page). Replicator molecules (DNA) and replicator HTML have one thing in common - they are both packaged information. In the appropriate context (the right biochemical "soup" in the case of DNA, the right software application in the case of HTML code) - this information generates a "survival machine" (organism, or a web page). The Semantic Web will only increase the longevity, fecundity, and copying-fidelity or the underlying code (in this case, OIL or XML instead of HTML). By facilitating many more interactions with many other web pages and databases - the underlying "replicator" code will ensure the "survival" of "its" web page (=its survival machine). In this analogy, the web page's "DNA" (its OIL or XML code) contains "single genes" (semantic meta-tags). The whole process of life is the unfolding of a kind of Semantic Web. In a prophetic paragraph, Dawkins described the Internet: "The first thing to grasp about a modern replicator is that it is highly gregarious. A survival machine is a vehicle containing not just one gene but many thousands. The manufacture of a body is a cooperative venture of such intricacy that it is almost impossible to disentangle the contribution of one gene from that of another. A given gene will have many different effects on quite different parts of the body. A given part of the body will be influenced by many genes and the effect of any one gene depends on interaction with many others...In terms of the analogy, any given page of the plans makes reference to many different parts of the building; and each page makes sense only in terms of cross-reference to numerous other pages." What Dawkins neglected in his important work is the concept of the Network. People congregate in cities, mate, and reproduce, thus providing genes with new "survival machines". But Dawkins himself suggested that the new Replicator is the "meme" - an idea, belief, technique, technology, work of art, or bit of information. Memes use human brains as "survival machines" and they hop from brain to brain and across time and space ("communications") in the process of cultural (as distinct from biological) evolution. The Internet is a latter day meme-hopping playground. But, more importantly, it is a Network. Genes move from one container to another through a linear, serial, tedious process which involves prolonged periods of one on one gene shuffling ("sex") and gestation. Memes use networks. Their propagation is, therefore, parallel, fast, and all-pervasive. The Internet is a manifestation of the growing predominance of memes over genes. And the Semantic Web may be to the Internet what Artificial Intelligence is to classic computing. We may be on the threshold of a self-aware Web. 2. The Internet as a Chaotic Library A. The Problem of Cataloguing The Internet is an assortment of billions of pages which contain information. Some of them are visible and others are generated from hidden databases by users' requests ("Invisible Internet"). The Internet exhibits no discernible order, classification, or categorization. Amazingly, as opposed to "classical" libraries, no one has yet invented a (sorely needed) Internet cataloguing standard (remember Dewey?). Some sites indeed apply the Dewey Decimal System to their contents (Suite101). Others default to a directory structure (Open Directory, Yahoo!, Look Smart and others). Had such a standard existed (an agreed upon numerical cataloguing method) - each site could have self-classified. Sites would have an interest to do so to increase their visibility. This, naturally, would have eliminated the need for today's clunky, incomplete and (highly) inefficient search engines. Thus, a site whose number starts with 900 will be immediately identified as dealing with history and multiple classification will be encouraged to allow finer cross-sections to emerge. An example of such an emerging technology of "self classification" and "self-publication" (though limited to scholarly resources) is the "Academic Resource Channel" by Scindex. Moreover, users will not be required to remember reams of numbers. Future browsers will be akin to catalogues, very much like the applications used in modern day libraries. Compare this utopia to the current dystopy. Users struggle with mounds of irrelevant material to finally reach a partial and disappointing destination. At the same time, there likely are web sites which exactly match the poor user's needs. Yet, what currently determines the chances of a happy encounter between user and content - are the whims of the specific search engine used and things like meta-tags, headlines, a fee paid, or the right opening sentences. B. Screen vs. Page The computer screen, because of physical limitations (size, the fact that it has to be scrolled) fails to effectively compete with the printed page. The latter is still the most ingenious medium yet invented for the storage and release of textual information. Granted: a computer screen is better at highlighting discrete units of information. So, these differing capacities draw the battle lines: structures (printed pages) versus units (screen), the continuous and easily reversible (print) versus the discrete (screen). The solution lies in finding an efficient way to translate computer screens to printed matter. It is hard to believe, but no such thing exists. Computer screens are still hostile to off-line printing. In other words: if a user copies information from the Internet to his word processor (or vice versa, for that matter) - he ends up with a fragmented, garbage-filled and non-aesthetic document. Very few site developers try to do something about it - even fewer succeed. C. Dynamic vs. Static Interactions One of the biggest mistakes of content suppliers is that they do not provide a "static-dynamic interaction". Internet-based content can now easily interact with other media (e. g., CD-ROMs) and with non-PC platforms (PDA's, mobile phones). Examples abound: A CD-ROM shopping catalogue interacts with a Web site to allow the user to order a product. The catalogue could also be updated through the site (as is the practice with CD-ROM encyclopedias). The advantages of the CD-ROM are clear: very fast access time (dozens of times faster than the access to a Web site using a dial up connection) and a data storage capacity hundreds of times bigger than the average Web page. Another example: A PDA plug-in disposable chip containing hundreds of advertisements or a "yellow pages". The consumer selects the ad or entry that she wants to see and connects to the Internet to view a relevant video. She could then also have an interactive chat (or a conference) with a salesperson, receive information about the company, about the ad, about the advertising agency which created the ad - and so on. CD-ROM based encyclopedias (such as the Britannica, or the Encarta) already contain hyperlinks which carry the user to sites selected by an Editorial Board. Note CD-ROMs are probably a doomed medium. Storage capacity continually increases exponentially and, within a year, desktops with 80 Gb hard disks will be a common sight. Moreover, the much heralded Network Computer - the stripped down version of the personal computer - will put at the disposal of the average user terabytes in storage capacity and the processing power of a supercomputer. What separates computer users from this utopia is the communication bandwidth. With the introduction of radio and satellite broadband services, DSL and ADSL, cable modems coupled with advanced compression standards - video (on demand), audio and data will be available speedily and plentifully. The CD-ROM, on the other hand, is not mobile. It requires installation and the utilization of sophisticated hardware and software. This is no user friendly push technology. It is nerd-oriented. As a result, CD-ROMs are not an immediate medium. There is a long time lapse between the moment of purchase and the moment the user accesses the data. Compare this to a book or a magazine. Data in these oldest of media is instantly available to the user and they allow for easy and accurate "back" and "forward" functions. Perhaps the biggest mistake of CD-ROM manufacturers has been their inability to offer an integrated hardware and software package. CD-ROMs are not compact. A Walkman is a compact hardware-cum-software package. It is easily transportable, it is thin, it contains numerous, user-friendly, sophisticated functions, it provides immediate access to data. So does the discman, or the MP3-man, or the new generation of e-books (e. g., E-Ink's). This cannot be said about the CD-ROM. By tying its future to the obsolete concept of stand-alone, expensive, inefficient and technologically unreliable personal computers - CD-ROMs have sentenced themselves to oblivion (with the possible exception of reference material). D. Online Reference A visit to the on-line Encyclopaedia Britannica demonstrates some of the tremendous, mind boggling possibilities of online reference - as well as some of the obstacles. Each entry in this mammoth work of reference is hyperlinked to relevant Web sites. The sites are carefully screened. Links are available to data in various forms, including audio and video. Everything can be copied to the hard disk or to a R/W CD. This is a new conception of a knowledge centre - not just a heap of material. The content is modular and continuously enriched. It can be linked to a voice Q&A centre. Queries by subscribers can be answered by e-mail, by fax, posted on the site, hard copies can be sent by post. This "Trivial Pursuit" or "homework" service could be very popular - there is considerable appetite for "Just in Time Information". The Library of Congress - together with a few other libraries - is in the process of making just such a service available to the public (CDRS - Collaborative Digital Reference Service). E. Derivative Content The Internet is an enormous reservoir of archives of freely accessible, or even public domain, information. With a minimal investment, this information can be gathered into coherent, theme oriented, cheap compilations (on CD-ROMs, print, e-books or other media). F. E-Publishing The Internet is by far the world's largest publishing platform. It incorporates FAQs (Q&A's regarding almost every technical matter in the world), e-zines (electronic magazines), the electronic versions of print dailies and periodicals (in conjunction with on-line news and information services), reference material, e-books, monographs, articles, minutes of discussions ("threads"), conference proceedings, and much more besides. The Internet represents major advantages to publishers. Consider the electronic version of a p-zine. Publishing an e-zine promotes the sales of the printed edition, it helps sign on subscribers and it leads to the sale of advertising space. The electronic archive function (see next section) saves the need to file back issues, the physical space required to do so and the irritating search for data items. The future trend is a combined subscription to both the electronic edition (mainly for the archival value and the ability to hyperlink to additional information) and to the print one (easier to browse the current issue). The Economist is already offering free access to its electronic archives as an inducement to its print subscribers. The electronic daily presents other advantages: It allows for immediate feedback and for flowing, almost real-time, communication between writers and readers. The electronic version, therefore, acquires a gyroscopic function: a navigation instrument, always indicating deviations from the "right" course. The content can be instantly updated and breaking news incorporated in older content. Specialty hand held devices already allow for downloading and storage of vast quantities of data (up to 4000 print pages). The user gains access to libraries containing hundreds of texts, adapted to be downloaded, stored and read by the specific device. Again, a convergence of standards is to be expected in this field as well (the final contenders will probably be Adobe's PDF against Microsoft's MS-Reader). Currently, e-books are dichotomously treated either as: Continuation of print books (p-books) by other means, or as a whole new publishing universe. Since p-books are a more convenient medium then e-books - they will prevail in any straightforward "medium replacement" or "medium displacement" battle. In other words, if publishers will persist in the simple and straightforward conversion of p-books to e-books - then e-books are doomed. They are simply inferior and cannot offer the comfort, tactile delights, browseability and scanability of p-books. But e-books - being digital - open up a vista of hitherto neglected possibilities. These will only be enhanced and enriched by the introduction of e-paper and e-ink. Among them: Hyperlinks within the e-book and without it - to web content, reference works, etc.; Embedded instant shopping and ordering links; Divergent, user-interactive, decision driven plotlines; Interaction with other e-books (using a wireless standard) - collaborative authoring or reading groups; Interaction with other e-books - gaming and community activities; Automatically or periodically updated content; Multimedia; Database, Favourites, Annotations, and History Maintenance (archival records of reading habits, shopping habits, interaction with other readers, plot related decisions and much more); Automatic and embedded audio conversion and translation capabilities; Full wireless piconetworking and scatternetworking capabilities. The technology is still not fully there. Wars rage in both the wireless and the e-book realms. Platforms compete. Standards clash. Gurus debate. But convergence is inevitable and with it the e-book of the future. G. The Archive Function The Internet is also the world's biggest cemetery: tens of thousands of deadbeat sites, still accessible - the "Ghost Sites" of this electronic frontier. This, in a way, is collective memory. One of the Internet's main functions will be to preserve and transfer knowledge through time. It is called "memory" in biology - and "archive" in library science. The history of the Internet is being documented by search engines (Google) and specialized services (Alexa) alike. 3. The Internet as a Collective Nervous System Drawing a comparison from the development of a human infant - the human race has just commenced to develop its neural system. The Internet fulfils all the functions of the Nervous System in the body and is, both functionally and structurally, pretty similar. It is decentralized, redundant (each part can serve as functional backup in case of malfunction). It hosts information which is accessible through various paths, it contains a memory function, it is multimodal (multimedia - textual, visual, audio and animation). I believe that the comparison is not superficial and that studying the functions of the brain (from infancy to adulthood) is likely to shed light on the future of the Net itself. The Net - exactly like the nervous system - provides pathways for the transport of goods and services - but also of memes and information, their processing, modeling, and integration. A. The Collective Computer Carrying the metaphor of "a collective brain" further, we would expect the processing of information to take place on the Internet, rather than inside the end-user’s hardware (the same way that information is processed in the brain, not in the eyes). Desktops will receive results and communicate with the Net to receive additional clarifications and instructions and to convey information gathered from their environment (mostly, from the user). Put differently: In future, servers will contain not only information (as they do today) - but also software applications. The user of an application will not be forced to buy it. He will not be driven into hardware-related expenditures to accommodate the ever growing size of applications. He will not find himself wasting his scarce memory and computing resources on passive storage. Instead, he will use a browser to call a central computer. This computer will contain the needed software, broken to its elements (=applets, small applications). Anytime the user wishes to use one of the functions of the application, he will siphon it off the central computer. When finished - he will "return" it. Processing speeds and response times will be such that the user will not feel at all that he is not interacting with his own software (the question of ownership will be very blurred). This technology is available and it provoked a heated debated about the future shape of the computing industry as a whole (desktops - really power packs - or network computers, a little more than dumb terminals). Access to online applications are already offered to corporate users by ASPs (Application Service Providers). In the last few years, scientists have harnessed the combined power of online PC's to perform astounding feats of distributed parallel processing. Millions of PCs connected to the net co-process signals from outer space, meteorological data, and solve complex equations. This is a prime example of a collective brain in action. B. The Intranet - a Logical Extension of the Collective Computer LANs (Local Area Networks) are no longer a rarity in corporate offices. WANs (wide Area Networks) are used to connect geographically dispersed organs of the same legal entity (branches of a bank, daughter companies of a conglomerate, a sales force). Many LANs and WANs are going wireless. The wireless intranet/extranet and LANs are the wave of the future. They will gradually eliminate their fixed line counterparts. The Internet offers equal, platform-independent, location-independent and time of day - independent access to corporate memory and nervous system. Sophisticated firewall security applications protect the privacy and confidentiality of the intranet from all but the most determined and savvy crackers. The Intranet is an inter-organizational communication network, constructed on the platform of the Internet and it, therefore, enjoys all its advantages. The extranet is open to clients and suppliers as well. The company's server can be accessed by anyone authorized, from anywhere, at any time (with local - rather than international - communication costs). The user can leave messages (internal e-mail or v-mail), access information - proprietary or public - from it, and participate in "virtual teamwork" (see next chapter). The development of measures to safeguard server routed inter-organizational communication (firewalls) is the solution to one of two obstacles to the institutionalization of Intranets. The second problem is the limited bandwidth which does not permit the efficient transfer of audio (not to mention video). It is difficult to conduct video conferencing through the Internet. Even the voices of discussants who use internet phones (IP telephony) come out (though very slightly) distorted. All this did not prevent 95% of the Fortune 1000 from installing intranet. 82% of the rest intend to install one by the end of this year. Medium to big size American firms have 50-100 intranet terminals per every internet one. One of the greatest advantages of the intranet is the ability to transfer documents between the various parts of an organization. Consider Visa: it pushed 2 million documents per day internally in 1996. An organization equipped with an intranet can (while protected by firewalls) give its clients or suppliers access to non-classified correspondence, or inventory systems. Many B2B exchanges and industry-specific purchasing management systems are based on extranets. C. The Transport of Information - Mail and Chat The Internet (its e-mail function) is eroding traditional mail. 90% of customers with on-line access use e-mail from time to time and 60% work with it regularly. More than 2 billion messages traverse the internet daily. E-mail applications are available as freeware and are included in all browsers. Thus, the Internet has completely assimilated what used to be a separate service, to the extent that many people make the mistake of thinking that e-mail is a feature of the Internet. The internet will do to phone calls what it has done to mail. Already there are applications (Intel's, Vocaltec's, Net2Phone) which enable the user to conduct a phone conversation through his computer. The voice quality has improved. The discussants can cut into each others words, argue and listen to tonal nuances. Today, the parties (two or more) engaging in the conversation must possess the same software and the same (computer) hardware. In the very near future, computer-to-regular phone applications will eliminate this requirement. And, again, simultaneous multi-modality: the user can talk over the phone, see his party, send e-mail, receive messages and transfer documents - without obstructing the flow of the conversation. The cost of transferring voice will become so negligible that free voice traffic is conceivable in 3-5 years. Data traffic will overtake voice traffic by a wide margin. The next phase will probably involve virtual reality. Each of the parties will be represented by an "avatar", a 3-D figurine generated by the application (or the user's likeness mapped and superimposed on the the avatar). These figurines will be multi-dimensional: they will possess their own communication patterns, special habits, history, preferences - in short: their own "personality". Thus, they will be able to maintain an "identity" and a consistent pattern of communication which they will develop over time. Such a figure could host a site, accept, welcome and guide visitors, all the time bearing their preferences in its electronic "mind". It could narrate the news, like the digital anchor "Ananova" does. Visiting sites in the future is bound to be a much more pleasant affair. D. The Transport of Value - E-cash In 1996, four corporate giants (Visa, MasterCard, Netscape and Microsoft) agreed on a standard for effecting secure payments through the Internet: SET. Internet commerce is supposed to mushroom to $25 billion by 2003. Site owners will be able to collect rent from passing visitors - or fees for services provided within the site. Amazon instituted an honour system to collect donations from visitors. PayPal provides millions of users with cash substitutes. Gradually, the Internet will compete with central banks and banking systems in money creation and transfer. E. The Transport of Interactions - The Virtual Organization The Internet allows for simultaneous communication and the efficient transfer of multimedia (video included) files between an unlimited number of users. This opens up a vista of mind boggling opportunities which are the real core of the Internet revolution: the virtual collaborative ("Follow the Sun") modes. Examples: A group of musicians is able to compose music or play it - while spatially and temporally separated; Advertising agencies are able to co-produce ad campaigns in a real time interaction; Cinema and TV films are produced from disparate geographical spots through the teamwork of people who never meet, except through the Net. These examples illustrate the concept of the "virtual community". Space and time will no longer hinder team collaboration, be it scientific, artistic, cultural, or an ad hoc arrangement for the provision of a service (a virtual law firm, or accounting office, or a virtual consultancy network). The intranet can also be thought of as a "virtual organization", or a "virtual business". The virtual mall and the virtual catalogue are prime examples of spatial and temporal liberation. In 1998, there were well over 300 active virtual malls on the Internet. In 2000, they were frequented by 46 million shoppers, who shopped in them for goods and services. The virtual mall is an Internet "space" (pages) wherein "shops" are located. These shops offer their wares using visual, audio and textual means. The visitor passes through a virtual "gate" or storefront and examines the merchandise on offer, until he reaches a buying decision. Then he engages in a feedback process: he pays (with a credit card), buys the product, and waits for it to arrive by mail (or downloads it). The manufacturers of digital products (intellectual property such as e-books or software) have begun selling their merchandise on-line, as file downloads. Yet, slow communications speeds, competing file formats and reader standards, and limited bandwidth - constrain the growth potential of this mode of sale. Once resolved - intellectual property will be sold directly from the Net, on-line. Until such time, the mediation of the Post Office is still required. As long as this is the state of the art, the virtual mall is nothing but a glorified computerized mail catalogue or Buying Channel, the only difference being the exceptionally varied inventory. Websites which started as "specialty stores" are fast transforming themselves into multi-purpose virtual malls. Amazon. com, for instance, has bought into a virtual pharmacy and into other virtual businesses. It is now selling music, video, electronics and many other products. It started as a bookstore. This contrasts with a much more creative idea: the virtual catalogue. It is a form of narrowcasting (as opposed to broadcasting): a surgically accurate targeting of potential consumer audiences. Each group of profiled consumers (no matter how small) is fitted with their own - digitally generated - catalogue. This is updated daily: the variety of wares on offer (adjusted to reflect inventory levels, consumer preferences, and goods in transit) - and prices (sales, discounts, package deals) change in real time. Amazon has incorporated many of these features on its web site. The user enters its web site and there delineates his consumption profile and his preferences. A customized catalogue is immediately generated for him including specific recommendations. The history of his purchases, preferences and responses to feedback questionnaires is accumulated in a database. This intellectual property may well be Amazon's main asset. There is no technological obstacles to implementing this vision today - only administrative and legal (patent) ones. Big brick and mortar retail stores are not up to processing the flood of data expected to result. They also remain highly sceptical regarding the feasibility of the new medium. And privacy issues prevent data mining or the effective collection and usage of personal data (remember the case of Amazon's "Readers' Circles"). The virtual catalogue is a private case of a new internet off-shoot: the "smart (shopping) agents". These are AI applications with "long memories". They draw detailed profiles of consumers and users and then suggest purchases and refer to the appropriate sites, catalogues, or virtual malls. They also provide price comparisons and the new generation cannot be blocked or fooled by using differing product categories. In the future, these agents will cover also brick and mortar retail chains and, in conjunction with wireless, location-specific services, issue a map of the branch or store closest to an address specified by the user (the default being his residence), or yielded by his GPS enabled wireless mobile or PDA. This technology can be seen in action in a few music sites on the web and is likely to be dominant with wireless internet appliances. The owner of an internet enabled (third generation) mobile phone is likely to be the target of geographically-specific marketing campaigns, ads and special offers pertaining to his current location (as reported by his GPS - satellite Geographic Positioning System). F. The Transport of Information - Internet News Internet news are advantaged. They are frequently and dynamically updated (unlike static print news) and are always accessible (similar to print news), immediate and fresh. The future will witness a form of interactive news. A special "corner" in the news Web site will accommodate "breaking news" posted by members of the the public (or corporate press releases). This will provide readers with a glimpse into the making of the news, the raw material news are made of. The same technology will be applied to interactive TVs. Content will be downloaded from the internet and displayed as an overlay on the TV screen or in a box in it. The contents downloaded will be directly connected to the TV programming. Thus, the biography and track record of a football player will be displayed during a football match and the history of a country when it gets news coverage. 4. Terra Internetica - Internet, an Unknown Continent Laymen and experts alike talk about "sites" and "advertising space". Yet, the Internet was never compared to a new continent whose surface is infinite. The Internet has its own real estate developers and construction companies. The real life equivalents derive their profits from the scarcity of the resource that they exploit - the Internet counterparts derive their profits from the tenants (content producers and distributors, e-tailers, and others). Entrepreneurs bought "Internet Space" (pages, domain names, portals) and leveraged their acquisition commercially by: Renting space out; Constructing infrastructure on their property and selling it; Providing an intelligent gateway, entry point (portal) to the rest of the internet; Selling advertising space which subsidizes the tenants (Yahoo!-Geocities, Tripod and others); Cybersquatting (purchasing specific domain names identical to brand names in the "real" world) and then selling the domain name to an interested party. Internet Space can be easily purchased or created. The investment is low and getting lower with the introduction of competition in the field of domain registration services and the increase in the number of top domains. Then, infrastructure can be erected - for a shopping mall, for free home pages, for a portal, or for another purpose. It is precisely this infrastructure that the developer can later sell, lease, franchise, or rent out. But this real estate bubble was the culmination of a long and tortuous process. At the beginning, only members of the fringes and the avant-garde (inventors, risk assuming entrepreneurs, gamblers) invest in a new invention. No one knows to say what are the optimal uses of the invention (in other words, what is its future). Many - mostly members of the scientific and business elites - argue that there is no real need for the invention and that it substitutes a new and untried way for old and tried modes of doing the same things (so why assume the risk of investing in the unknown and the untried?). Moreover, these criticisms are usually well-founded. To start with, there is, indeed, no need for the new medium. A new medium invents itself - and the need for it. It also generates its own market to satisfy this newly found need. Two prime examples of this self-recursive process are the personal computer and the compact disc. When the PC was invented, its uses were completely unclear. Its performance was lacking, its abilities limited, it was unbearably user unfriendly. It suffered from faulty design, was absent any user comfort and ease of use and required considerable professional knowledge to operate. The worst part was that this knowledge was exclusive to the new invention (not portable). It reduced labour mobility and limited one's professional horizons. There were many gripes among workers assigned to tame the new beast. Managers regarded it at best as a nuisance. The PC was thought of, at the beginning, as a sophisticated gaming machine, an electronic baby-sitter. It included a keyboard, so it was thought of in terms of a glorified typewriter or spreadsheet. It was used mainly as a word processor (and the outlay justified solely on these grounds). The spreadsheet was the first real PC application and it demonstrated the advantages inherent to this new machine (mainly flexibility and speed). Still, it was more of the same. A speedier sliding ruler. After all, said the unconvinced, what was the difference between this and a hand held calculator (some of them already had computing, memory and programming features)? The PC was recognized as a medium only 30 years after it was invented with the introduction of multimedia software. All this time, the computer continued to spin off markets and secondary markets, needs and professional specialties. The talk as always was centred on how to improve on existing markets and solutions. The Internet is the computer's first important application. Hitherto the computer was only quantitatively different to other computing or gaming devices. Multimedia and the Internet have made it qualitatively superior, sui generis, unique. Part of the problem was that the Internet was invented, is maintained and is operated by computer professionals. For decades these people have been conditioned to think in Olympic terms: faster, stronger, higher - not in terms of the new, the unprecedented, or the non-existent. Engineers are trained to improve - seldom to invent. With few exceptions, its creators stumbled across the Internet - it invented itself despite them. Computer professionals (hardware and software experts alike) - are linear thinkers. The Internet is non linear and modular. It is still the age of hackers. There is still a lot to be done in improving technological prowess and powers. But their control of the contents is waning and they are being gradually replaced by communicators, creative people, advertising executives, psychologists, venture capitalists, and the totally unpredictable masses who flock to flaunt their home pages and graphomania. These all are attuned to the user, his mental needs and his information and entertainment preferences. The compact disc is a different tale. It was intentionally invented to improve upon an existing technology (basically, Edison’s Gramophone). Market-wise, this was a major gamble. The improvement was, at first, debatable (many said that the sound quality of the first generation of compact discs was inferior to that of its contemporaneous record players). Consumers had to be convinced to change both software and hardware and to dish out thousands of dollars just to listen to what the manufacturers claimed was more a authentically reproduced sound. A better argument was the longer life of the software (though when contrasted with the limited life expectancy of the consumer, some of the first sales pitches sounded absolutely morbid). The computer suffered from unclear positioning. The compact disc was very clear as to its main functions - but had a rough time convincing the consumers that it was needed. Every medium is first controlled by the technical people. Gutenberg was a printer - not a publisher. Yet, he is the world's most famous publisher. The technical cadre is joined by dubious or small-scale entrepreneurs and, together, they establish ventures with no clear vision, market-oriented thinking, or orderly plan of action. The legislator is also dumbfounded and does not grasp what is happening - thus, there is no legislation to regulate the use of the medium. Witness the initial confusion concerning copyrighted vs. licenced software, e-books, and the copyrights of ROM embedded software. Abuse or under-utilization of resources grow. The sale of radio frequencies to the first cellular phone operators in the West - a situation which repeats itself in Eastern and Central Europe nowadays - is an example. But then more complex transactions - exactly as in real estate in "real life" - begin to emerge. The Internet is likely to converge with "real life". It is likely to be dominated by brick and mortar entities which are likely to import their business methods and management. As its eccentric past (the dot. com boom and the dot. bomb bust) recedes - a sustainable and profitable future awaits it.



Online The metaphors of the net

Learning more about visa credit card

Today when everything is just a click away, owning a credit card or two is nothing knew. Plastic cards have replaced paper money. Why it’s very convenient! You don’t have to worry about running out of cash every time you go shopping. Spending time counting pennies or loose change is no longer a problem. Credit cards have made life easier for every consumer.

Visa is the most common credit card in the market with more than one billion users. It is also the first credit card known to everybody since its debut in 1976. What can you do with your Visa Credit Card? 1. Pay your taxes. Standing in queue to pay for your taxes is long over. You can now pay your taxes using the Visa Credit Card. 2. Pay your bills. Now you don’t have to make stops to the billing centers to pay your bills. Paying them is a phone call away with your Visa Credit Card. 3. Donate to charity. Feeling generous? Give your share to those in need using Visa and feel great with the help you gave. 4. Travel with Visa. Pay your air fares and other needs while you’re away for vacation. Travel has never been this fun using Visa with its Visa Traveler’s Check, Visa Travel Money and even the Visa currency converter. Now that you know what you can do with a Visa Credit Card, it’s time to get one. But first, let’s see which visa credit card that would best suit your needs. 1. Visa Classic. This credit card type is the most convenient for the first timers. It’s the roadway to building a good credit history. 2. Visa Gold. This is the card created to suit your need. This is for holders that have a good strong credit history. 3. Visa Student. This card is offered to students. It includes special discounts for books and computers when you use your card to purchase. Now that your equipped with the basics about your Visa Credit Card, it’s time to know a little more about what Visa has to offer. There’s no pleasure like gift-giving. Visa offers The Visa Gift Card. This is a prepaid debit card perfect for birthday gifts and for other occasions. Teach your teens how to spend their money wisely with the Visa Buxx. This is a prepaid card for teenagers that could be loaded by their parents. Enjoy your dream vacation with no worries. Let the Visa TravelMoney take care of your purchasing needs while on vacation.



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Credit card foreign transaction fees

In the last few years, many credit card companies have begun charging foreign fees for purchases made with credit cards outside of the United States. Many customers have become frustrated, wondering why the banks and credit card companies would charge such fees. While it is easy to say that these companies just want more money, the situation is much more complex than this. Many of the fees associated with credit cards are charged in order to pay for the costs involved with a variety of different transactions. It is important to remember that there are generally more risks involved with making credit card transactions in foreign countries. When you make purchases with your credit in a foreign country, there are likely to be problems with currency exchange, fraud, or charge backs. Because the costs involved with these things can be high, banks have decided to transfer the cost to the consumers. Most foreign transaction fees are about 3% of the transaction, and this includes any foreign taxes or other fees you may have to pay. It is likely that these fees are permanent, and banks will continue to charge them as long as they are able to pay for the cost of making credit card purchases in foreign countries. Despite this, there are a number of things cardholders can do to avoid these fees. One thing travelers can do to avoid these fees is to use prepaid debit cards.

Because they are not true credit cards, prepaid debit cards can help you avoid the foreign transaction fees. However, you may find that many hotels, restaurants, and other establishments may not accept them. If you plan on using a prepaid debit card, it would be helpful to contact these places ahead of time to make sure your card is accepted. There are also a few credit cards that don't charge foreign transaction fees. Before you get a credit card, call the company to find out if they charge these fees.

In the past, Discover and American Express didn't charge these fees, but they are not as well known as Visa or MasterCard, and may not be accepted at some foreign establishments. Another thing you should consider is traveler’s checks. They are widely accepted in most countries, and you can avoid the fees that are charged for credit cards. Though traveling will always be a bit more expensive, you can avoid certain fees if you do your homework.



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7 options to consider when taking out a new credit card

How many times have you taken out a credit card based purely on its current interest rate or balance transfer option? You may be surprised to note there are at least 7 elements worthy of consideration when you take out a new credit card. To judge a new credit card on just one or two options could easily result in a bad deal for you. You need to consider the following 7 options when you take out a credit card: 1. The Initial Concessionary Interest Rate And Period Many credit cards offer a 0% interest rate on purchases for a limited period, usually six to nine months. This option can be very attractive particularly when you do not repay the balance in full each month. After the initial period the rate reverts to the standard rate, usually in the 10 to 16% range although this can be considerably higher. Some cards however have no interest free offer but have a much lower permanent rate, from about 6.9% (although it will vary in line with general interest rate charges). If you are likely to have a long term balance (if you are unable to pay off the debt within the first 6 to 9 months) this option could save you money in the medium to long term. You will not be able to switch to this rate if you have taken the 0% initial rate offer. 2. A Monthly Interest Free Period On New Purchases This relates to the period between your purchase of an item and when you will be charged interest on that purchase amount. Many cards have a policy of only charging from the payment date after the item appears on your card statement. The effect of this is to give you between approximately 25 days and 56 days interest free credit on all purchases. Clearing your balance within this period will result in no interest being charged. Some cards will charge interest immediately from the date of purchase and are therefore not suitable if you clear your balance each month. 3. The Annual Fee Many cards have now implemented an annual fee. This fee is chargeable whether you clear the debt each month or if you roll over your debt. 4. 0% Balance Transfers When taking out a new credit card you will normally have the option of transferring any outstanding balance to your new card with no interest charged for a specified period. Although marketed as a "0% balance transfer" many are not totally free of charge. An increasing number now charge a one off charge of 2-3% of the amount transferred as an "administration chearge" for handling the transfer. This is legally not an interest charge but it amounts to the same thing - you are charged a fee by your credit card company based on the amount transferred. The availability of true 0% balance transfers is disappearing and in all likely hood will completely disappear sometime soon. If a 0% balance transfer is important to you take advantage soon, however be aware that many of these cards have higher subsequent interest rates. 5. The Availability Of Cashback Many cards now offer cashback on purchases. This is usually is between 1/2 and 1% of new purchases (excluding balance transfers and cash withdrawal). If you do not repay your account in full each month take this into account when considering the interest rate chargeable. It is only where you repay the card in full each month that this is a true cashback on purchases and if you do repay in full each month you may choose to make this a priority. 6. The Rewards And Discounts Offered With Your Credit Card Rewards are where you can purchase goods or services at a discount by using your credit card, or you have free insurance on purchases made using your credit card. In the credit card business nothing is free. If there are rewards offered the cost will be built in somewhere (usually a higher interest charge) so compare with other cards not offering the same rewards. 7. Credit Card Payment Insurance Whether you take this option or not most cards now offer some sort of payment protection insurance in the event of sickness and disability. In the past this cover was limited to paying the minimum monthly payment however many cards now pay 10% of the balance on the card at the time your claim commences and may be worth considering. Be very careful with this insurance as it will exclude any condition you suffer from when the cover commences and similarly any redundancy announced before the cover commences. Taking out a new credit card is more complex than it seems at first. As you can see when considering a new credit card there are a number of aspects which must be taken into account and t can be very difficult choosing a new card. There are many comparison services available that can help you cut through the confusion and I suggest you consult one or more before making your decision. In all cases prioritise your requirements and only apply for the credit card which best matches your circumstances. Don't just pick the card with the longest balance transfer period or lowest interest rate as it may cost more in the longer term.



Online 7 options to consider when taking out a new credit card

How to get great forex training and education

Are you constantly surfing the internet looking for a forex trading strategy? Are you confused as to what course to start with? When you want to get involved with Forex trading, you have to figure out approximately how much money you would like to commit to trading, and then find a low cost course which will educate you to get started. If you want to get started in trading really soon, one way is to buy a course online that teaches a specific method of trading, such as using Fibonacci ratios, Elliot waves, or other indicators that gives you a high probability of placing a successful trade. Then, you need to study and test the method on a demo trading account until you are profitable. Here are two rules to always follow: Rule #1: Paper trade, Paper trade, Paper trade. Please don’t jump into the market with real money until you are confident and totally comfortable using the trading method. One surefire way of losing all of your money is to jump into the market too soon, before really testing a trading method. Rule #2: Plan your trades, and trade your plans. As traders, the only way to test a trading method is to stick to it religiously. Therefore, it’s imperative to write down your plan or method for finding a trade, and stick to it. Just like anything we do in life, proper practice through paper trading will make you able to enter the markets with confidence and will ensure you don’t lose your trading account. Things to look for in a Forex Training Course: When purchasing a course, check to make sure that it doesn’t cost more than you have to invest in the market. If you have $1000.00 to invest, then spending $800.00 on a forex course isn’t such a good idea, because you need $300 to open an account. Try to spend less than half of the money you want to start investing with on a Forex course. Next, make sure that the course teaches you to trade independently without the need to subscribe to a service. Some courses just teach you how to use their trading system, which requires a paid subscription. Many times, the subscription trading systems don’t reveal the method that they use to determine when to enter and exit a trade. So, if this subscription service goes out of business or their system stops working, then you are back to square one, without the knowledge of how to enter or exit a trade. As a trader, it’s important to know the method you are trading with. As my mentor told me, “It’s never a good idea to put your fate in someone else’s hands.” If you find a course that meets the above criteria, then go for it, start your education today. Lastly, take your time. The market is always there. The more you practice, and educate yourself, the more profitable you will become. Wishing you Success! David Molina



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Find wholesale suppliers and dropshippers working smarter not harder

If your reading this you’ve probably already invested hours, weeks or even months of your time searching for products to sell on Ebay or your website. I’ve read that the majority of Ebay Powersellers make little profit. This presents a dilemma, if the so-called experts aren’t making a decent living how can you expect to? The 2 factors crucial to your online reselling success are: 1. Finding quality products that will sell. 2. Finding these products at a cost that allows you to sell at a competitive margin. Most people will use Google or other search engines to find these products. This method has a few flaws. Firstly it is extremely time consuming. But more to the point, the wholesaler’s that will rank in Google will have search engine optimised their pages, ensuring your results are biased to the worst type of life form – the middleman. Another popular method of searching involves contacting manufacturers directly and asking them to supply a list of wholesaler’s in your area. This can be time consuming and difficult, but in the end can pay off. A final and little discussed approach is to buy a wholesale directory. This technique is often written off, as these directories are typically out of date. However, nowadays some directories employ full time staff to research and present current and quality wholesale suppliers. You might think, "Why pay for something I can get for free?" This is probably true but it depends on how much you value your time. As always you get what you pay for. Don’t expect to get information allowing you to triumph over your competitors for $20. A great evaluation tool is http:// ripoffreport. com/. You can see what (if any) complaints have been made against the company and assess the quality of the information. In summery, work smarter, not harder: Assess the value of your time vs. the value of information and your computer-induced migraine might even disappear.



Online Find wholesale suppliers and dropshippers working smarter not harder

7 good reasons to learn foreign language

Learning a foreign language is naturally a process that require effort and time, much or not, depending on the capability of an individual. Current technology makes learning a second language more flexible and easier. You can learn at anywhere you like, in your car while trapped in traffic jam, while waiting for commuter to arrive or fishing at Lake Garden, by means of many types of medium such as cassette, CD and the Internet, such as at malaylanguage. mypositivemoney. com where you will find a good resource of foreign language. Below a just a few reasons why you should learn another language: 1. Most significant yet simple reason – Eliminate the language barrier that you may face, easier for you to deal with other people when you go traveling or having work at other country. Majority of native people probably do not know to speak English fluently or do not know to speak English at all, so knowing some key phrases will help you a lot. Moreover, you will want to know what people around you are talking about while you shopping, waiting for taxi, or having dinner at a restaurant. 2. Local people tend to be friendlier with you since you speak same language with them. You also can get friend easily, which in return can help you greatly in dealing with certain troubles that you may encounter, and you might be do not know how to deal with, such as problem related with customary law. Locals also will believe you more than people who cannot speak their language, doesn’t it very important when you are in travel? 3. Knowing a foreign language really help when you are lost in a remote area where hardly you can find people who can speak English except local language. 4. Giving you chances to understand the exotic local traditions and way of living easier and deeper. This priceless experience is absolutely an opportunity not be missed for anyone who love to travel. You can share beautiful moment having fun with locals in occasion and understand the meaning behind it, which in the same time, give you knowledge. 5. Improve your memory skill resulting from activity of reading, learning and memorizing. Open up your mind to be more acceptable to other people’s differences. Your thinking will be more maturely and sensibly. 6. This is reality, guys: According to Kwintessential, people who learn a foreign language are wealthier, happier and are regarded sexier than those who can speak only English. 7. From a survey conducted in Britain involving 270 dating agencies, the result shows that people who speak or learn a foreign language are more attractive, intelligent and sexier to the opposite sex. Hopefully some of the reasons above will give you some ideas on how important to learn additional language. Continuous learning for life leads to success and wisdom.



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History of olive trees

Olive trees, ‘Olea europaea,’ are the oldest fruit trees and certainly are one of the most important fruit trees in history. Olive tree culture has been closely connected to the rise and fall of Mediterranean empires and other advanced civilizations throughout the ages. Because olive trees offered wealth and future food supplies to established civilizations, the agricultural nations became stable societies, resulting from a secure expectation from past experience of an uninterrupted food and olive oil supply. This factor was a necessary requirement for population growth and increase. Dependable fruit production and olive oil production means that olive trees must exist in a stable society and a peaceful environment. That stability must extend for many years, since most ancient seedling olive trees required eight or more years before ever producing the first crop of fruit. Productive orchards of olive trees meant that a foundation of the great empires of Greece and Rome had arisen and developed into complex economic and political forces.

It is interesting to note that the historical decline of these empires corresponded to the destruction of their olive tree orchards that reduced the available supplies of olives, olive oil, olive wood, and olive soap. In connection with the destruction of olive orchards, it is interesting to note that in the Israeli wars with Palestine, 50,000 olive trees were destroyed by Israeli bulldozers. That act of agricultural destruction resulted in considerable anger and unrest along the Gaza strip and the West Bank, because the economic livelihood of many Palestinian farmers depended on their products from the uprooted olive trees. Additionally, the olive tree was historically a ‘peace and goodwill’ symbol, and when the olive trees were leveled near the city of Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus and the “Cradle of Biblical History,” that elimination of olive trees seemed like a deliberate provocation to end the ‘peace’ with the Palestinian settlers and farmers. The Greeks recognized that in their vast empire they must avoid hostilities and war during the period that the Olympic Games were being conducted, and they declared a worldwide armistice so that their complete attention could be directed toward their athletic events and games.

Medical properties of olive oil were reported by many ancient Greek writers and philosophers, their importance in creating nutritional benefits and wealth for Greek citizens continues abundantly today--some Greek olive tree orchards containing a million or more trees. Aristotle wrote extensively about the accepted methods of successfully growing olive trees. Greek mythology records that Athena, the Goddess of wisdom and peace, struck her magic spear into the Earth, and it turned into an olive tree, thus, the location where the olive tree appeared and grew was named Athens, Greece, in honor of the Goddess, Athena. Local legend tells us that the original olive tree still stands growing after many centuries at the ancient sacred site. Citizens still claim that all Greek olive trees originated from rooted cuttings that were grown from that original olive tree. Homer claimed in his writings that the ancient olive tree growing in Athens was already 10,000 years old. Homer stated that Greek courts sentenced people to death if they destroyed an olive tree.

In 775 BC Olympia, Greece, at the site of the ancient Olympic stadium, athletes competed and trained, and winners were triumphantly acclaimed and crowned with a wreath made of olive twigs. Ancient gold coins that were minted in Athens depicted the face of the Goddess, Athena, wearing an olive leaf wreath on her helmet holding a clay vessel of olive oil. The Greeks began olive cultivation in 700 BC. The sacred lamp that was used in ancient Greek culture for lighting dark rooms at night was fueled by olive oil. Aged olive oil was also used in sacred anointing rituals of the church at weddings and at baptisms. Herodotus wrote in 500 BC, that the growing and exporting of olives and olive oil were so sacred that only virgins and eunuchs were allowed to cultivate orchards of olive trees. The first documented plantings of olive trees may have occurred during the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete and are believed to have been growing around 3500 BC. That civilization predates the discovered Mycenae olive fossils from 1600 BC and later in the Greek empire.

Sturt Manning, an archeologist from Cornell University, reported in Live Science Magazine (Apr 28, 2005) that the most devastating volcano in 10,000 years occurred on the Greek Island of Thera, after which the city of Akrotiri was totally buried by the falling ash. The finding of olive wood and olive seed fossils buried near the site has shown through carbon dating that the volcanic eruption occurred between 1660 and 1600 BC and may have contributed to the total destruction of the advanced Minoan civilization (Atlantis) on the isle of Crete and may have led to the formation of the Sahara desert in North Africa after vaporizing the native forests there. In the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible (Gen 8:11), Noah was given an olive branch by a dove after the great flood as a symbol of peace and love of God, which it remains today. In the book of Exodus, Moses explains that God expected olive oil to be used in various rituals that were performed by priests of Israel. Olive oil was used as an anointing oil to be poured over the heads of Kings and priests that acknowledged their authority as an agent of God. Many other references to olives are given in the Bible. Psalms 52:8 “But I am like the green olive tree in the house of God, I trust in the steadfast love of God forever and ever.” Finally, Jesus was to spend his last day praying at the mount of olives garden of Gethsemane, in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. Jesus was arrested there, tried, convicted, crucified and later ascended to heaven, after his resurrection from the tomb.

Impressionist artists were stunned by the antique age and beauty of olive trees and their productiveness that resulted in masterpiece paintings by Van Gogh, Cezanne, Renoir, and Matisse. The world’s great Biblical reporters, literary writers, and poets immortalized the olive tree, such people as Jesus, Milton, Shakespeare, and Lord Byron. Thomas Jefferson wrote “The olive tree is the richest gift of heaven.” The U. S. Department of Homeland Security has reported “Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, who traveled abroad, brought plant material such as olive trees and rice back to the U. S. to develop United States agricultural production.” Thomas Jefferson was the U. S. ambassador to France during the Revolutionary War, and he began to import olive trees and seeds into the southern U. S. The excessive humidity of South Carolina and Georgia did not allow profitable olive tree orchards to develop properly in those areas. Jefferson wrote “The greatest service which can be rendered to any country is to add a useful plant to its culture.” He ranked his introduction of the olive tree and dry rice into South Carolina as two of his top lifetime achievements. Thomas Jefferson wrote to James Ronaldson on January 13, 1813, “it is now twenty-five years since I sent them (southern planters) two shipments of about 500 plants of the olive tree of Aix, the finest olive trees in the world.” The fragrant flowers of olive trees are small and creamy white, hidden within the thick leaves. Some cultivars will self pollinate, but others will not. The blossoms usually begin appearing in April and can continue for many months. A wild, seedling olive tree normally begins to flower and produce fruit at the age of 8 years. The fruit of the olive tree is a purplish-black when completely ripe, but a few cultivars are green when ripe and some olives turn a color of copper-brown. The size of the olive fruit is variable, even on the same tree, and the shape ranges from round to oval with pointed ends. Some olives can be eaten fresh after sun-drying and the taste is sweet, but most olive cultivars are bitter and must be treated by various chemical solutions before developing into edible olives. If the olives are thinned on the limbs of the trees to 2 or 3 per twig, the ultimate size of the olives will be much larger. The fruit is gathered in mid October and should be processed as soon as possible to prevent fermentation and a decline in quality. The leaves of olive trees are gray-green and are replaced at 2-3 year intervals during the spring after new growth appears. Pruning yearly and severely is very important to insure continued production. The trees have the unproductive limbs removed, “so that it will be more fruitful” John 15:2. An olive tree can grow to 50 feet with a limb spread of 30 feet, but most growers will keep the tree pruned to 20 feet to assure maximum production. New sprouts and trees will emerge from the olive tree stump roots, even if the trees are cut down. Some olive trees are believed to be over a thousand years old, and most will live to the ripe old age of 500 years. Olives generally are beaten off trees with poles, harvested mechanically or by shaking the fruit from the trees onto canvas. Most ripening olives are removed from the trees after the majority of the fruit begins to change in color. It is important to squeeze out the olive oil within a day after harvesting or else fermentation or decline in flavor and quality will occur. The olive oil can be consumed or used in cooking immediately after its collection from the press. Olive oils are unique and distinct, each brand of olive oil having its own character, as determined by many factors, like those unique flavor differences found in fine wines. Prepared commercial olive oils can vary greatly in aroma, fruit flavor; whether the taste is, flowery, nutty, delicate, or mild, and the coloring of olive oil is quite variable. Olive oil produces many health benefits when used in cooking or when poured over salads. The use of olive oil can improve digestion and can benefit heart metabolism through its low content of cholesterol. Experts claim that olive oil consumption will cause a person to grow shiny hair, prevent dandruff, prevent wrinkles, prevent dry skin and acne, strengthen nails, stop muscle aching, lower blood pressure and cancel out the effects of alcohol. Olive trees can survive droughts and strong winds, and they grow well on well drained soils up to a pH of 8.5 and the trees can tolerate salt water conditions. In Europe, olive trees are normally fertilized every other year with an organic fertilizer. Alternate bearing can be avoided by heavy pruning and generally the trees respond to this very quickly and favorably. Olive trees should be purchased that have been vegetatively propagated or grafted, because the seed grown trees will revert to a wild type that yields small olives with an insipid taste. Olive trees are more resistant to diseases and insects than any other fruit tree and, therefore, are sprayed less than any other crop. The Romans conquered Greece in 146 BC, and the victors took olive secrets to Rome, but since then Greece has remained the greatest exporter of olive oil during the centuries. The olive tree seems to be perfectly adapted for growing in the mild climate of the Mediterranean countries. The trees grow well in dry areas with mild winters and long hot summers, even enduring drought conditions or high winds. The European area of the Mediterranean produces 98% of the world olive oil supply. Olive seed are believed to have been brought to California in 1769 to grow into trees hardy to 12 degrees Fahrenheit. Those olive trees were cultivated in the Franciscan Spanish monasteries. Even though commercial production of olives in the United States is only 2% of the world market, great interest in growing olives throughout the South has been stimulated by the recent introduction of promising cold hardy olive trees from European hybridizers. Many European immigrants to the United States grow their own olive trees in large pots, that can be moved in and out of the house during seasonal changes.



Online History of olive trees

Socializing your golden retriever

Socializing Your Golden Retriever Socializing your Golden Retriever is very important. As you may already know, all dog breeds behave different in front of strangers, with some dogs choosing to ignore people altogether. They may choose to glance at someone, then go on to pay no attention to him. On the other hand, some dogs are the total opposite and love to meet everyone they can. These types of dogs love attention, and will take any attention they can get. Some Golden Retrievers are happy with those they have come to know in their own family, or those they have selected to be friends. Others on the other hand, may feel comfortable just around those of the same sex. Most Golden’s like children, although there are a few rare cases in which certain types of Golden Retrievers like adults but not children. This is extremely rare, and is normally due to the way they were bred or raised. When your puppy is between the ages of 8 weeks and 8 months, socializing him is extremely important. During this time, you should always do everything you can to ensure that your Golden Retriever meets other people. Although he may be shy at first and not have much interaction, he will eventually come around. You will need to be patient with him during these times, as he will need quite a bit of reassurance from you. Your dog’s parents also contribute to socialization. If the parents of your Golden Retriever were good with people and other dogs, the gene could very well be passed on to your dog. On the other hand, if the parents were shy or aggressive dogs, those genes could be passed on as well. Pups inherit the traits of their parents, which is why it is very important to make sure that the dogs being bred are compatible with each other - and share a passive temperament. If your puppy was separated from his mother before he reached the age of seven weeks, he won’t learn many of the social signals taught to him by his mom and his siblings. Golden Retriever pups that are brought to a new home earlier than seven weeks will normally tend to end up nippy or aggressive around people. Although they may be aggressive towards people, they may be shy or fearful around other dogs, as they lack the social skills needed to be themselves. Sometimes, if a puppy was injured or frightened during his early years, he can end up with a state of trauma. This type of thing leaves a huge scar in the mind of a puppy, making it very hard for him to get past it. Most Golden Retriever pups that have been injured or frightened by an individual never get past it. They may end up fearing humans in general, or being very aggressive towards them when they feel frightened. When you take your puppy home for the first time, you should always make him feel welcomed, and never let anyone or anything harm him. To better socialize your Golden Retriever, you should always make sure that he gets plenty of interaction with other people and other dogs in his breed. This way, your Golden will learn how to socialize at any early age. When he gets older in life, he will carry these skills with him. Golden Retrievers that are sheltered or not given the proper amount of interaction will turn out shy towards people and other dogs. With your Golden being your companion for life - you should always ensure that he gets the socialization he needs. (word count 596)



Online Socializing your golden retriever

Top ten reasons to buy a natural latex mattress

1. Latex mattresses are a natural, biodegradable renewable resource: Beginning on plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia, latex is sap milked from rubber trees in a manner not unlike collecting maple syrup. Local workers harvest the liquid latex and prepare it to be processed. The liquid latex is then shipped in drums to locations in Europe and the United States where it is manufactured into mattress cores and toppers, as well as pillows. Unlike Talalay processed latex foams, natural latex has no added petroleum or other chemical additives making it a truly all natural material. Being a 100% renewable resource, as well as biodegradable, natural latex does not have the taxing effect on the environment as other conventional bedding material. 2. In bedding, natural latex provides support where it is needed most by contouring to the body’s natural nuances: It relieves pressure points, particularly at the shoulders and hips, and it allows for better circulation with less tossing and turning. The result is a deeper, more restful slumber. 3. Natural latex is remarkably conducive to situations that require custom mattresses: Available in a wide range of firmness levels, it is simple to build a mattress that caters to an individual’s needs: his and her sided beds, toppers, and more. Because of the wide variety of firmness variations available, natural latex can help ensure you feel as comfortable as possible when it matters most. Integrating an open cell structure with a pin core design allows for maximum breathability essential for removing excess heat and moisture that can prevent a good night’s sleep. 4. For those who struggle with allergies natural latex provides a safe haven as it is naturally hypoallergenic, and anti-microbial: This means that molds, mildew, and dust mites that may help trigger allergies will not be waiting for you in bed, where they can be the most frustrating. 5. A naturally resilient and durable material, natural latex will supply consistent performance for 20 years or more. 6. The Advantages of Latex mattresses have been tried, tested and proven in Europe for decades: Unlike the plethora of new age sleep systems available today, latex mattresses have been tried and tested in Europe for over twenty years. Their ability to withstand the test of time as well as provide an all-natural sleep surface that conforms to the contours of the body is finally beginning to catch hold in the United States. 7. Other new age sleep systems cannot offer the same qualities as natural latex: Viscoelastic (memory) foam offers good support and relieves pressure points, but comes up short in other areas. It is a chemical product that is not biodegradable and as such it is not environmentally friendly. It doesn’t breathe like natural latex, which translates to a more stuffy and sticky sleeping environment. Memory foam easily retains moisture and is an environment prone to dust mites and molds, leaving allergy sufferers sniffing and congested during what should be the most restful time of the day. Being far less resilient than natural latex, viscoelastic foam has a lifespan of only about 10 years, meaning it will need to be replaced twice as often: 8. Air beds, such as sleep number beds, offer much less support and pressure point relief than natural latex: They are non-breathable bladders full of air so they offer no way to keep moisture and heat from building up during the night. The only advantage of this type of mattress is its adjustability, which is only an advantage to those who enjoy varying firmnesses. 9. Innerspring mattresses seem a thing of the past when compared to natural latex - they don’t provide nearly the amount of support and customization opportunities: Frequent tossing and turning is the result of pressure points caused by a rigid spring system. The batting material in the cover cultivates any amount of dust mites, molds, and fungi giving them free range to reek havoc on allergies. Motion is easily transferred through the mattress decreasing the quality of sleep for couples. It is clear why the standard is changing. 10. The independent cell construction of natural latex is not prone to transfer movement allowing two people to comfortably share the same bed without disrupting each other with every motion. Natural latex provides excellent support and effectively relieves pressure points. Couples can sleep soundly together without disruption. It is a natural product and is environmentally sound. Designed to be breathable it is effective in keeping heat and moisture build up to a minimum for more comfortable sleep. Finally, it is hypoallergenic and antimicrobial to keep allergy sufferers well rested. It is easy to see why natural latex is far and away the best natural sleeping surface available.



Online Top ten reasons to buy a natural latex mattress

Online pharmacies offer convenience and privacy

I experienced an extremely embarrassing moment in public the other day that I hope to never experience again. It was the kind of moment that can crush a person’s confidence and send them rushing for cover mentally. It was one of those moments that makes the classic nightmare of going to school in your underwear look like a pleasant occasion. I am a grown man and I was always taught that grown men cannot run from their problems, so when I recently discovered that I was having problems living up to my end of the bargain in bed with my wife, I had to accept that I was not the young buck I used to be many years ago. Many men over forty experience this problem and there are many solutions to it. Most of these solutions include some sort of prescription pharmaceutical drug that needs to be purchased at a pharmacy. A trip to the doctor’s office for a prescription of Viagra or Cialis followed by a trip to the pharmacy and you are on your way to feeling twenty-five again when asked to perform sex. My doctor set me right up with a prescription and I wasted no time going to my local pharmacy to get my Viagra. I walked right up to the counter and handed over my prescription to the pharmacist, who happened to be an attractive young lady. I felt a little embarrassed revealing my sexual problem to her, but I just kept telling myself that she was a professional and would not be judgmental of me. She did her best to act professional, but I could have sworn that I detected a slight smile on her face as she told me “it will be ready in about five minutes”. I smiled back at her nervously and told her “I will wait”, and then I took a seat over on a nearby bench. As I was waiting for my prescription of Viagra a most interesting thing happened. In walked an ex-girlfriend from college that I almost married. We had a very tumultuous relationship for three years that ended in my senior year when I finally broke up with her. For some reason she did not see it coming, and she was quite torn up emotionally about the whole thing. I guess my immaturity at that time insulated me from the emotional pain that the more mature members of the female gender endure when they experience a breakup in college. To me the breakup was no big deal, but to her it seemed like the end of the world. I guess only one of us was capable of being in love at that time. I had not seen this woman in over twenty years, and all of a sudden there she was standing right in front of me in my neighborhood pharmacy. After an awkward meeting we began to talk a little bit. She seemed intent on asking me all sorts of questions about how my life was going, as if she had the right to know. I was quite stand-offish, and only offered basic information with a slight amount of embellishment to make me look good. Then came the question she had been waiting over twenty years to ask: “Are you married?” she inquired with an overly curious-looking grin on her face. I did not want to give her any kind of satisfaction of knowing that my marriage had been experiencing a bit of a crisis lately due to my sexual ineptness, so I told her “yes” and followed it up with “and quite happily too”. She sensed that I was not quite sincere with my answer, and that seemed to embolden her. I was clearly rattled, and wanted to get out of that conversation as soon as possible. Right at that moment the pharmacist called out to me and said that my order was ready. I broke away from my conversation with my ex-girlfriend and shuffled over to the counter where the nice young lady was waiting with my order in hand. Much to my dismay, my ex-girlfriend shuffled right up to the counter and stood right next to me as the pharmacist was ringing up my order at the register. She said to me “it was nice to see you”, and then she immediately zeroed in on my prescription bottle to see what kind of drug I was ordering. It was at that moment my whole aura of confidence was shattered. She looked back up at me and said “see ya’ around…” She then grinned from ear to ear and said “…and don’t forget to take those pills a couple hours before sex or they won’t help you at all…so I’ve heard.” A nervous laugh was all I could manage as a reply, and then I just turned and walked out of that pharmacy with my tail between my legs. It was a moment of sweet revenge for my ex-girlfriend, and a moment of extreme humiliation for me. All of this humiliation could have been avoided if I had just decided to order my Viagra online instead of at a brick and mortar pharmacy store. Ordering online is safe, fast, and convenient. Most online pharmacies like SaveAlotOnPharmacy. com offer overnight delivery, and your prescriptions are delivered in plain packages that will not reveal to anyone that there is a product inside that deals with any highly sensitive conditions you may have. All reputable online pharmacies have secure sites that are SSL certified so that any credit card or bank information you enter is kept completely safe from hackers or phishers. They are licensed pharmacists who get the same FDA approved drugs that your neighborhood pharmacy gets. All you have to do is access one of these web sites online, order your prescription drugs with a credit card and the order will usually arrive the very next day at your front door via a courier service like UPS or FEDEX. What could be more safe, fast and convenient than that? In most cases, buying prescription drugs online is cheaper than buying them at a traditional pharmacy. The online stores have less overhead. They do not have to pay for salaries and benefits of store employees, not to mention an expensive lease for their store. These kinds of savings are passed on to the online customers by the owners the online pharmacies and this makes for very good prices on all prescription drugs. Whether you order Viagra, Cialis, Propecia, Zoloft, Penicillin or a prescription for hemorrhoids, no-one but you will know if you order your prescriptions at an online pharmacy. Even the FEDEX person who delivers your medications will have no idea of the contents in your packages. And if that FEDEX person just so happens to an old girlfriend who is looking to validate in her mind that it was a good thing you and her broke up, then she will be denied that satisfaction. Copyright 2006. Michael P. Connelly http:// savealotonpharmacy. com



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The myth of low cost lasik

LASIK, Custom Lasik and other types of LASIK Eye Surgery are procedures that are safe, effective and predictable when performed by an experienced LASIK surgeon for carefully selected and counseled patients with realistic goals One of the most important roles a LASIK surgeon and their staff must fulfill is providing a thorough examination and LASIK consultation to make certain that you are a good LASIK candidate and have clear vision correction goals. Unfortunately, low price LASIK advertising may over influence some patients and subject them to less than ideal behavior. A common misperception is that going to a practice or center that advertises low cost LASIK or discount LASIK means that a patient will in fact get low fees. Most often low cost LASIK or discount LASIK advertisements that seem to offer a low price have neglected to disclose the terms and conditions a patient must meet to get that low price for LASIK. That is, they fail to fully disclose the true cost of LASIK by cleverly hiding certain eligibility requirements to obtain the low price, or failing to include the actual cost of the LASIK consultation, necessary follow-up care, and even enhancements. They will gladly include these services, but at an additional charge, which is only fully disclosed when you attend the consultation.

Often the add on charges for the proper and necessary follow-up care, consultation and enhancements make the actual total fee equal or exceed the comprehensive fee charged by local well known and trusted LASIK surgeons. Some guidelines for you to use when evaluating LASIK fees include: 1. NEVER agree to give a LASIK center or practice a non-refundable "deposit" to "hold" a consultation appointment for you. This is a sales tactic to entice you to come into the center so that you can be "upsold" a higher procedure fee using high-pressure sales tactics. Patients who provide a credit card online or by phone often feel an obligation to go forward as they have already invested money just to find out what their actual fee will be. This scenario is NOT an uncommon practice. YOU should NOT have to pay a fee to find out what your procedure fee will be. 2. ALWAYS be clear that the low LASIK price advertised applies to YOUR actual prescription. Many discount LASIK centers advertise a low price that only applies to a limited mild prescription range and often does not include treatment for astigmatism unless again it is very mild. If you do not fall into the limited prescription range covered by the low price advertised, then of course they will add on additional fees. Again, this can make the actual fee you will pay approach that of local and trusted LASIK surgeons. 3. ALWAYS be clear that the low LASIK price advertised includes an accepted, medically prudent series of follow-up visits. It is inappropriate for a discount center to ONLY include 1 or 2 follow-up visits and then tell you "call us" if you have any problems. If in fact you wait to discover problems, often they have proceeded to become more severe than if you were being carefully followed and observed. It is NOT your job as the patient to diagnose and judge when you have a sensation or vision change that is "bad enough" to schedule a follow-up visit. This is especially true if there is an add on fee for this follow-up series of visits or even for an individual visit. You may be hesitant to use good judgment and go in for an extra appointment if there is an additional fee involved. For this reason it is best to have ALL of your follow-up visits included in the total fee that you are charged. Again, this can make the actual fee you will pay for your discount LASIK approach that of local and trusted LASIK surgeons. 4. ALWAYS be clear that the low LASIK price advertised includes providing medically necessary enhancements within at least the first 12 months after your treatment. Virtually all enhancements, if they are necessary at all, are performed within the first 12 months and are usually performed with the first 3-4 months after your treatment. If the low price LASIK advertised does NOT include enhancements, then of course they will add on additional fees. Again, this can make the actual fee you will pay approach that of local and trusted LASIK surgeons. What is the Best Approach for Making LASIK affordable? LASIK is affordable and can be readily available to almost all patients by taking advantage of extended monthly payment plans. The best approach is to choose a LASIK surgeon based on their reputation and the confidence and competence they and their staff convey to you during your consultation. You should have in mind an affordable payment that would be comfortable for you to pay each month. The Refractive Surgery Coordinator in the practice can then select an extended payment plan that fits your budgeted payment amount. Most of these plans require no money down and there are options, which are, interest free depending on what you specific situation is. The most important decision you need to make is choosing a LASIK surgeon. A trustworthy LASIK surgeon will help you select a procedure that is best for you. Then the Refractive Surgery Coordinator will discuss the fee and arrange the payment schedule that works best for you. This is the best way to get high quality care and not be subjected to "up selling" sales pressure tactics. Source: http:// seewithlasik. com/



Online The myth of low cost lasik

Women at risk of heart stroke due to panic attack

When you feel like your beginning to breathe very rapidly and complain that your heart is jumping around in your chest, you may be experiencing panic attack. Such rapid pulse and shortness of breath of a panic attack can feel like a heart attack, and may signal a brewing heart trouble, a study of more than 3,000 older women reveals. Episodes of panic attack are frightening and may occur at random or after a person is exposed to various events that may trigger the condition. Based on the study, women who reported at least one full-blown panic attack during a six-month period were three times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke over the next five years than women who didn't report a panic attack. After taking into account other risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, inactivity and depression, researchers have also found out that emotional and mental health issues chracterized by fear, hostility, and anxiety which have been linked to previous research on heart problems, said study co-author Dr. Jordan Smoller of Boston's Massachusetts General Hospital. “Postmenopausal women who are experiencing panic attacks may be a subgroup with elevated risk,” Smoller said. She added that monitoring the health condition of postmenopausal women is critical to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Monday's Archives of General Psychiatry published the study which wasn't designed to explain the link but speculated that a panic attack may trigger heart rhythm problems or that stress hormones released during an attack may harm the heart. Susie Rissler, 51, of Terre Haute, Indiana, wasn't a bit surprised by the study. She's been a panic attack sufferer since childhood who had already experienced three mini-strokes. “You feel like the whole world is caving in,” Rissler said of her panic attacks, which can include symptoms like racing heartbeat and chest pains. “I've had shaking, sweating, curling up in a ball totally afraid to even look around. Panic attacks can really destroy a person in a lot of different ways,” she said.

According to Smoller, some of the reported panic symptoms such as racing heart, chest pain or shortness of breath, experienced as a panic attack, may have been heart problems in disguise and may have been caused by an undiagnosed heart problem. “One study doesn't settle a question,” he cautioned. Smoller said that the number of events seen in this sample was still relatively small. From 1997-2000, the study enrolled 3,243 women and followed them for five years. Forty-one in the analysis had a heart attack or death from a heart problem.

An additional 40 had strokes. According to Dr. Joann Manson of Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital who is not part of the team, though the weakness of the study may be its reliance on the women's memories, rather than doctors' diagnoses, it's more likely that the findings point to a real connection between panic and heart problems. “It does tie together very well with what we know about the biology and physiology of the stress hormones,” Manson said. “I think it does suggest that this is something to discuss with your doctor, ” Manson said.



Online Women at risk of heart stroke due to panic attack

Trash talk s best tip picks for 2005

Dave and Lillian Brummet, authors of the book Trash Talk, offer a free service called Tip of the Month where visitors can learn new reduction and reuse ideas that will save money for the household and office on their website (http:// sunshinecable. com/~drumit). Listed below are the favorite Tip Picks of 2005. May 2005 Cardboard works great for weed control in the yard or garden. Lay out the flattened cardboard first making sure to overlap it by at least six inches. If the weeds are very established or if your weeds are more like small shrubs, do a double or even triple layer to ensure nothing grows through. We found that it is best to wet the cardboard with a sprinkler to soften it before applying the top layer of bark mulch or gravel so the cardboard will settle in and smother all the weeds completely. In as little as one year the cardboard will have composted into a rich loamy soil while the weeds have been killed off by lack of sunlight and air. Simply top off the bark mulch periodically as it too breaks down over the years. July 2005 Vinyl shower curtains reused make good drop cloths for painting projects. In the garden they can be used as row covers for tender spring plants (when a cold night threatens). Like costly landscape fabric use curtains to control weeds in garden beds. Cut an X at each plant location, plant, then close the X around the plant stem. Cover the entire sheet with rocks, gravel or bark mulch. October 2005 Promote reading in your community, reduce clutter around your home and your contribution of waste in the landfill, save a buck or two and benefit a charity while you are at it. Just how are you supposed to do all this? Management of used books and magazines is a very environmental and community conscious thing for people to participate in. Extending the life of books and magazines is easily accomplished by taping the binding and edges of the covers. Go through your closets and bookshelves and look for all the used books and magazines that you no longer read. Any library, shelters for the disadvantaged, hospitals and missions are all places to consider for donating. Use the key words ‘book donation’ in a search engine to find places to donate to. Here are just a few sites: http:// betterworldbooks. com/ http:// asiahousinternational. org http:// sabre. org/books/bookorg/bkdn_toc. htm http:// loc. gov/rrr/amed/afs/alc/bkdncte. html http:// ala. org – lists contact information for organizations that distribute used books. http:// nationalbook. org/bookdonations. html – lists places that accept book donations.



Online Trash talk s best tip picks for 2005

Ideas for your interior christmas decorating

There are many different ideas for interior Christmas decorating. Interior Christmas decorating is an important part of most people's holiday festivities. For many people, the interior decorations are what defines the season of Christmas. Your home will feel warm with the proper interior Christmas decorating scheme. There are a variety of decorating ideas on the market today, but the best way to complete your interior Christmas decorating is to make the items yourself or with your family. The holiday season is about spending time together, and making things to warm your home will only help signify that to your family. There are several great ideas for your interior Christmas decorating needs. Make yours the perfect holiday home with interior Christmas decorating • First, create a diorama of bears or dolls dressed in festive seasonal clothes. You could put a small tree with little presents in your display. This is a great way to get your kids involved in the decorating process. Just be sure you don't use a favorite security object, as it might prove difficult to disassembly the diorama throughout the course of the season. • Second, meet your interior Christmas decorating needs by creating bows from Christmas print ribbon and putting them in various places around your house including your curtains. • Third, hang stockings throughout your house, even if you know they aren't your stuffing stockings. It offers a festive feel to your home. Next, use fabric paint and a traditional white table cloth to make a holiday patterned table cloth. This is another great activity to do with your little ones. Just be sure to express to them that they are not allowed to paint on the tablecloth on a year round basis. Next, dress your bathroom for the holidays by attaching ornaments and other decorations(of the unbreakable type) to a clear shower curtain with a hot glue gun. Another decorating idea is to get your houseplants into the swing of the season by hanging ornaments on them after you decorate your tree. For a quick ornament idea, try hanging a cookie cutter with a bit of Christmas ribbon. To help with your decoration as well as your Christmas trivia knowledge, place a basket of seasonal books on your coffee table or end table. It will look festive, and it may just help you win a quick family game sometime. Interior Christmas decorating does not have to be difficult or expensive with ideas like these.



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The health insurance portability accountability act

In 1996 "The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act" (HIPAA) was enacted by the U. S. Congress. The act was instated primarily to protect health insurance coverage for workers and their respective families when their is a loss or change of employment. This is outlined in Details in Title I of HIPAA Act. As in Title II of the act, the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for the providers, employers and health insurance plans. Along with that is the addressing the importance on the security and privacy of all health data. These standards are meant to bog the system down, but rather to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire national health care system by 'encouraging' the increased standards of using electronic data interchange in all health care. There has been in the past, and I'm sure there will continue to be controversy over the The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, as there is in most other Acts that are passed through by Congress. Their is great benefits to be had with complete cooperation, but it does cost time and money to get started. A little bit now, for alot later is easy for us to say, when we aren't the ones who are having to shell out the money to pay for the upgrades that may be required.

Or do we end of paying with rising health care costs?



Online The health insurance portability accountability act

Using overture for keyword research

Many of us who build websites get in the habit of using the Overture "Keyword Suggestion Tool" to do keyword research. It's convenient, and one of the few remaining such tools that is free. Be careful, though, because there are four problems you may run into with it. 1. Singular and plural forms are lumped together. I once optimized a site for "mountain hiking" based on the search traffic indicated by Overture. I later discovered that over half of that traffic was actually for "mountains hiking." Unfortunately, the search engines don't lump singulars and plurals, so those searchers didn't find their way to my site. 2. Alphabetizing. I hesitate to mention this, because it only seems to happen occasionally, but that makes it worse. Sometimes Overture alphabetizes search phrases. If you see "bag lightweight sleeping," you might guess that the searches are actually for "lightweight sleeping bag," but what about "hiking mountains?" That could reasonably be searched for both ways. Look down the list to see if other phrases are obviously alphabetized. 3. Misspellings are not always seperated. I searched "perseverence," on Overture's research tool, an honest spelling error on my part, and saw good demand. I almost optimized a page for it before taking a second look and seeing that the results shown were for "perseverance." You can be certain that searches are being done both ways, but how many each way? 4. Inflated figures. Overture often shows more monthly searches for a keyword than other research tools show for ALL search engines. Who is in error? Hard to say for sure, but given Overtures other imperfections... Overture's Keyword Suggestion Tool is a fast way to learn if there is some demand for a keyword, and it's still free. For serious keyword research, though, it's best to look to other tools.



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