Deciding what to sell on ebay and how to find it

The pressing question that almost every eBay seller faces at one point during their selling experience is that dread question: “What is it, exactly, that I should sell and where do I get it?” You’ve sold every last thing in your house that you don’t want or need and you’re tired of selling other people’s stuff and you are wondering where to turn. Finding a solid source for a product is essential in building your eBay business. It may take some work, it may take some time, but once it is established and exclusive, you will have a close to indestructible online business. There are two types of products you need to look for: Introduction Products (Products that are new and in-demand) Liquidation Products (Products that are at the end of the product cycle and being sold at a huge discount) If you’re interested in finding introduction products, you are in for a lot of work. You will have to obtain a lot of knowledge about the consumer and almost be able to predict what will sell well. You could possibly find a supplier that supplies a massive amount of one particular new product. However, you may discover they sell horribly on eBay. You are then stuck with all these newly packaged products and probably in debt. When it comes to liquidation products you have a lot more options. There is a lot more room for research to see how popular the product was when it first hit the market. You will also be able to obtain liquidation products at a substantially lower price. After deciding what type of product you would like to sell, it’s a matter of finding a supplier. It’s not as simple as searching on google or finding a wholesale list on eBay. The internet is saturated with wholesale scams. It may not be impossible to find a good supplier on line, but it could be considered unlikely. A good way to get started in finding a good consistent supplier is to buy products at a discount retailer, like Big Lots or even Wal-mart, and test different products. When you find one you think may be profitable, find out the manufacturer’s number (located on the package) and ask to speak to someone about purchasing products for resale. It’s a tedious process, but when you find a good supplier you will not regret it. It takes good research and patience. Just remember, the best supplier won’t be easily found on the internet or in a book. A good, consistent supplier will be found through the tedious process of finding an exclusive source that you worked hard to discover.



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Aftermarket motorcycle parts foray

What’s in aftermarket parts to argue about? Different states view aftermarket parts in different perspectives. Some states allow insurance companies to use aftermarket parts without consumers consent. Others require customer notification. Nonetheless, other states banned the use of aftermarket parts to repair their vehicles. From these scenarios, we can say that there is really no consensus as to the beneficially or peril brought about by this kind of parts. When you take your bike to a repair shop, you are sometimes advised to use aftermarket parts instead of OEM parts. The first thing that comes to our mind is to refuse the offer. This is because we think of aftermarket motorcycle parts a bad choice. However, this may not always be the case.

Aftermarket parts used may be equal, better, or worse in quality than the original manufacturer parts. A greater percentage of repair shops are using aftermarket parts to damaged motorcycles. Those shops that are not using said parts have quality as the main disagreement. However, their greatest advantage is that they are less expensive. This is the reason why insurance companies save money. Consumers in turn save too. So when do you thing is the best time to use aftermarket parts? Majority of insurance companies use aftermarket parts for collision repairs. Thus, for consumers to be aware and knowledgeable when to make an affirmative decision, here are some steps to consider: 1. Check with their insurance company to be able to know what policies are in place for the use of aftermarket parts. 2. Check with their state insurance commissioner to know the state policies on the use of aftermarket parts. 3. Finally, decide. If it uses aftermarket parts at the insurance company's discretion and the consumer has concerns then they can try to ask that OEM parts are used. If they don not grant the request, then shop around for an insurance company that has a fair and desirable aftermarket crash parts policy. From the aforementioned guidelines we can conclude that we have to be secure first whether the insurance company that we are dealing with uses aftermarket motorcycle parts. Then, we must be sure with our choice whether to grab it or not.



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Direct loans 101

Direct loans are convenient, flexible and simple. A Direct loan is a loan by a lender to a customer without the use of a third party. This type of loan enables the lender to have greater discretion in the distribution of loans. Typically the lender is the U. S. Department of Education rather than a bank or financial institution. The federal government provides four types of direct loan financing.

These direct loans vary in criteria and repayment schedules: • The Federal Direct Subsidized Stafford/Ford Loan is a direct loan, which means you do not pay the interest on the loan while you are school at least part-time. This particular type of Direct loan is based on the student financial need in accord with federal regulations. • The Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford/Ford Loan is a direct loan the government charges you interest while you are in school. The student does not need to be in extreme financial need to receive this type of loan. • The Federal Direct PLUS loan is a direct loan designed for parents without an adverse financial history who wish to borrow money for their dependent student. In order for a student to be dependent he or she may not be 24 years or older, a graduate or professional student, someone with legal dependents, an orphan or a ward of the court. Parents of independent students are not eligible to apply for this type of loan. • The Federal Direct Consolidation loan is a consolidation of one or more federal loans combined into a direct loan. A single monthly payment is made to the U. S. Department of Education. It is to the student’s advantage to consolidate, due to lower interest rates. Direct loans give you the simplicity of having one contact for concerns with your financial assistance. You are able to have access to your Direct loan information on-line 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You are given the flexibility to choose your repayment options and are able to change your schedule as your needs change.



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How to win at job interviews

Most applicants fail because they lack confidence in themselves. A job interview should never be treated or compared to an interrogation. This wrong notion of what an interview should be actually adds to the fear mounting inside. This fear usually hinders you from effectively expressing yourself during interviews and worst, too much fear may cause some applicants to blank out during the interview. A good way to prepare for a job interview is to research the company; practice answering the most commonly asked interview questions, and then gather information about the employer. This will not only provide helpful information for the interview but will also boost confidence knowing that you are well prepared to answer any questions during your job interview. Aside from conducting researches and familiarizing yourself with various questions for the job interview there are still some things you need to know in order to ensure that you get the job you want. Present the best and most sellable side of your personality This can be achieved only if you to possess confidence in yourself. It is important that you trust your own abilities and believe that you have the qualifications required for the job that you are applying for. Self-confidence will help you feel at ease during your job interview. Learn the different types of questions in order to sell yourself effectively A job interview is all about questions. There are various types of questions used, for instance, questions that probe, questions that put you on the spot and questions that you may find hard to answer. It is important that you know how to easily recognize questions so that you will be prepared on how to effectively answer those questions. Prepare question topics in advance Nothing beats preparedness especially referring to job interviews. Since a job interview is all about questions, prepare in advance and practice answering some of the commonly asked questions your potential employer may ask. Practice makes perfect, and doing this will help get you accustomed to the questions thus boosting your confidence during your actual job interview. Improve your personal grooming Image and appearance is really important especially during actual job interviews. Your image and appearance tells so much about the type of person you are. Likewise, it is important to choose properly the clothes that you are to wear during your job interview since your clothes reflect just how much you value yourself. Give a polished interview performance Try to remember interview dos and don’ts to avoid mistakes and help swing the interview in your favor. Carefully assess the job offer It is also important for you to carefully assess the job offer. Determine whether the job is really the type you want and never be afraid to ask questions. Since it is only through asking that you will be able to know how solid the job offer really is. Communicate and build rapport with the interviewer You can achieve this by being an active interviewee, meaning be enthusiastic in answering questions. Show them that you are really interested in getting the job. Develop rapport with the interviewer this will help in ridding you of some of your fears, and will provide you with more confidence.



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Ssid what is it and how to prevent its theft

SSID, the shortened form of Service Set Identifier, is the network name of a wireless LAN system. This system picks up all transmissions of wireless communication, but only allows for the communication of two or more signals that share the same service set identifier number. All of the computers of the network must know and have the same SSID number on file in order to access the WLAN service, but knowing the numbers does not mean that an individual is able to use that WLAN service if he or she is not actually part of that network. The service set identifier number is most often found on the top of each transmission that is sent throughout the network. This generally can lead to service and safety concerns as there are people who can intercept this case sensitive number. This then can lead to them trying to access the network and share in the internet service or other files on the computers. For a business, this can be very dangerous with their potential competition being some of those who would wish to know their information.

For individuals, this is dangerous because many individuals keep their financial data on the computer and this then can be accessed and their accounts stolen. Methods that are being used to limit the chances of the SSID number of falling into the wrong hands include programs that limit the types of documents that the SSID number is displayed on. This helps somewhat since there are still programs and documents that require the SSID number to be visible for sending and communication. Other methods of protecting the SSID number is to consistently change the number, but this is difficult because then each computer must have the SSID number changed which means the widespread hand out of the SSID number to the employees and the chances that it might again fall into the wrong hands. The final method of handling SSID numbers and security is to attach an additional password that is for each individual.

This method limits the chances of one actually accessing both the service set identifier number and a password. This method is gaining popularity from those businesses with newer computers and a newer service provider and SSID.



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Improve your credit score by correcting your credit report

Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), both the consumer reporting company and the information provider (the person, company, or organization that provides information about you to a consumer reporting company) are responsible for correcting inaccurate or incomplete information in your report. To take advantage of all your rights under the FCRA, contact the consumer reporting company and the information provider if you see inaccurate or incomplete information. 1. Tell the consumer reporting company, in writing, what information you think is inaccurate. Include copies (NOT originals) of documents that support your position. In addition to providing your complete name and address, your letter should clearly identify each item in your report that you dispute, state the facts and explain why you dispute the information, and request that the information be deleted or corrected. You may want to enclose a copy of your report with the items in question circled. Send your letter by certified mail, return receipt requested, so you can document what the consumer reporting company received. Keep copies of your dispute letter and enclosures. Consumer reporting companies must investigate the items in question — usually within 30 days — unless they consider your dispute frivolous. They also must forward all the relevant data you provide about the inaccuracy to the organization that provided the information. After the information provider receives notice of a dispute from the consumer reporting company, it must investigate, review the relevant information, and report the results back to the consumer reporting company. If the information provider finds the disputed information is inaccurate, it must notify all three nationwide consumer reporting companies so they can correct the information in your file. When the investigation is complete, the consumer reporting company must give you the written results and a free copy of your report if the dispute results in a change. (This free report does not count as your annual free report under the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions (FACT) Act.) If an item is changed or deleted, the consumer reporting company cannot put the disputed information back in your file unless the information provider verifies that the information is, indeed, accurate and complete. The consumer reporting company also must send you written notice that includes the name, address, and phone number of the information provider. If you request, the consumer reporting company must send notices of any correction to anyone who received your report in the past six months. A corrected copy of your report can be sent to anyone who received a copy during the past two years for employment purposes. If an investigation doesn't resolve your dispute with the consumer reporting company, you can ask that a statement of the dispute be included in your file and in future reports. You also can ask the consumer reporting company to provide your statement to anyone who received a copy of your report in the recent past. Expect to pay a fee for this service. 2. Tell the creditor or other information provider, in writing, that you dispute an item. Be sure to include copies (NOT originals) of documents that support your position. Many providers specify an address for disputes. If the provider reports the item to a consumer reporting company, it must include a notice of your dispute. And if you are correct - that is, if the information is found to be inaccurate - the information provider may not report it again. 3. It is imperative that you keep an eagle eye on your credit reports so that you can dispute erroneous transactions in a timely manner. You can easily request a free copy of your credit report online to see if there are any bogus transactions, inaccuracies, or outright mistakes. 4. Your good credit and identity can be compromised without your knowledge, so it is in your best interest to check your free credit report regularly. Don’t lose your identity and good reputation because of mistakes on your credit report or corrected errors that still show up during a credit check. You need to look out for yourself and take action.



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Secured debt consolidation loans get rid of previous debts in one go

With availing loans now becoming increasingly easier, large number of borrowers now faces the familiar problem of expenses outgrowing income. They take loans for almost each and every purpose. Some of these loans are taken at a higher interest rate, which become a financial burden. Secured debt consolidation loans come to the rescue of such borrowers, as it is designed to help in eliminating previous debts. The borrower can improve his credibility also when he opts for secured debt consolidation loans.

If the loan is taken carefully it solves all the debt worries of the borrower so that he may make a new beginning. Before you start looking around for the secured debt consolidation loans, first of all you should find out the amount you would need to pay off previous debts. To do this, make a total of all those debts including the interest on them to arrive at the sum you require. You can even take the services of a debt expert who will advise you on the amount you actually need.

After you have pinpointed an amount you would require, the next step is to put a property of your own as collateral with the lender. Any property like home, car or even savings account serves the purpose of collateral. On the basis of the collateral the borrower can ask for the desired amount. Normally lenders provide secured debt consolidation loans in the range of Ј5000 to Ј50000.If the borrower requires even larger amount because of high previous debts then the lender will look at the value of the collateral. If the collateral is of high value the borrower will get desired amount. Though normally the rate of interest remains lower in secured debt consolidation loan, still high value collateral becomes an added advantage in demanding lower rate of interest.

The repayment of secured debt consolidation loan usually is spread to a convenient duration of up to 25 years. The borrowers have the option of paying secured debt consolidation loan either in monthly or quarterly installments. Borrowers with high value collateral are offered the maximum repayment term. A lot depends on the borrower’s loan repayment reputation, which the lenders often judge by looking at the borrower’s credit score. Higher the credit score, higher are the chances of extracting lower interest rate and greater amount from the lender. So it would be a good strategy to update the credit record, which is compiled by one of the three credit rating agencies—Experian, Equifax and Transunion.

Credit score of 620 and above is considered favorable and safe by the lenders Secured debt consolidation loans are also the best option for those borrowers who want to improve creditability, as the loan is taken mostly for the purpose of eliminating previous debts Surely, those borrowers who have many previous debts should opt for secured debt consolidation loans as they get this loan easily by putting property as collateral without selling it.



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7 steps on how to prevent diabetes

Diabetes is more prevalent than ever and 95% of cases diagnosed are type 2 diabetes. Although for some the development of diabetes is inevitable, perhaps due to heriditery and other factors, for the vast majority it can be prevented by taking these 7 simple steps... Before diabetes type 2 becomes fully developed you go through a stage known as pre-diabetes. This is where you start to show some of the symptoms, which if ignored, can lead to full blown diabetes. Make these 7 action points part of your daily routine and you could stop this disease happening to you: 1) If you are overweight you risk developing diabetes. Reduce the amount of food on your plate so you gradually eat less and start to lose weight. Drink a glass of plain water or a sugar-free drink before your meal to take the edge of any hunger pains. 2) Reduce the amount of fat you are eating; grill or bake foods instead of frying; use low-fat spreads and reduced fat meals. 3) Check the Glycemic Index of the food you are eating - knowing what each food contains helps maintain your blood-sugars, which in turn can prevent the full onset of diabetes. 4) Drink at least 8 glasses of water every day. If you keep a bottle of water with you and sip frequently you'll be surprised how much you do drink throughout the day. 5) If you are feeling peckish choose a healthy snack rather than a chocolate bar. 6) Use skimmed rather than full-fat milk in hot drinks. 7) Exercise is good for health. But if you are not use to exercise then start in moderation. 15 minutes gentle walking each day will ease you into a regular exercising pattern. All of these action points are also the ones that diabetics are advised to take - if you take them now you might possibly prevent irreparable damage to your health.



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All about plasma televisions

Plasma televisions have flooded the market, but there are some important facts you should know first. They are a premium price but they offer one of the best combinations of features for a High Definition television today. Plasma screens offer a flat screen of 4” thick that have one of the best pictures available. The newest televisions have resolution capabilities of up to 1080p. This is a huge leap in resolution compared to DVD which only has capabilities of 480i. This means that HD capable plasma televisions can produce more than twice the resolution of a DVD. The reason that a plasma television can produce such images in a thin layer is the technology that was actually created about 35 years ago. Plasma technology starts with two thin pieces of glass that are filled with xenon and neon gas. The chamber contains all of the pixels which can reach into the millions. This chamber is filled with electric current and it illuminates the pixels that also fill the chamber. This process creates a brilliant picture that is almost unmatched by any other screen. Plasma screens offer very high resolution that is bright and has a wide viewable range. You can view the screen within a 160 degree range with no loss in quality. To incorporate most of the advantages of a plasma television, you must make sure that it has the features that are most up to date. The most up to date features of plasma televisions is that they have 1080p resolution. You also need multiple HDMI connections because you will be connecting more than just one HD component. DVD players, cable boxes and game consoles all have HDMI capability that makes the best use of your television. Make certain that your plasma television can handle at least two HDMI connections, or it is out of date. Component video is still a great second option, but it will not create as good results. Remember that your plasma television is a center piece for your technology and it should be capable of everything that you own.



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Exercising with lateral thigh steppers

As a fitness enthusiast I like to look at what new fitness equipment is available and what key benefits there are for using that equipment. Unfortunately much of the new fitness equipment sold today is either a re-make of an old device or a variation of a machine which in principal is great but in practise doesn’t work. Take for instance exercise bikes with rowing action, these things have been around for years and in most cases the rowing action acts as a hindrance to cycling. Although you could argue that an exercise bike is safer and more convenient than buying a normal bike and going for a ride outside, I would still recommend that the traditional bike ride is much more beneficial to body and mind. Occasionally I do see a product which is not just a fad device and there may be some benefit to buying one of the exercise machines over buying a new pair of trainers and getting out side.

A device which has been around some time but I have only just realised the potential benefits of having one, is the lateral thigh trainer. As a runner I do plan my training and ensure that my training targets particular body systems, for instance, endurance, stamina, strength or speed. The lateral thigh trainer is ideal as a substitute for strength work. Normally I find a hill and run up and down a few times but this causes a huge impact on the knees on the way down, with a lateral thigh trainer you can exercise all the same muscles in a high intensity workout similar to doing hill work but without the risk of knee injury. If you get a trainer with adjustable resistance like the lateral thigh trainers then you can vary you training plan to have short high intensity or longer mid intensity workouts. If you are not a runner but you are just looking for an alternative exercise, other than actually putting on some trainers and going outside, then the lateral thigh trainer is good for aerobic exercise as it provides a low impact exercise which uses muscle from the whole body. I can highly recommend thelateral thigh trainer as an exercise device either to supplement other training or act as the main exercise in your lifestyle.



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The one that got away on the green river

Fly fishing can be a surreal experience mending the soul of any person. That is, until you have to deal with the one that got away! The One That Got Away I’ve battled the crowds, seen the masses of fish in the crystal clear water, and been skunked by the some of the most educated trout around on the Green River below the Flaming Gorge Dam. On a float trip last fall, I experienced the true meaning of …The One That Got Away. This fight and escape was like no other that I have experienced in my 10 years of fly fishing. This fish was not just big, but the most aggressive and determined trout I have ever seen!! It was a picture perfect moment; I spot a large rising fish on the left side of the river about 50 down. We row into position. I make the perfect cast and my drift is right on target. Suddenly, the fish comes almost completely out of the water. Now you are probably thinking, big deal, what makes this the ultimate one that got away story? It’s not the size of the fish or even the amount of time the fish was on, it’s all about the angler. Moments before my fly drifted over this fantastic fish, a dive-bombing Osprey snagged him out from under me nose, or more accurately, the nose of my fly! Maybe their eyesight is not quite as good as I thought, because this bird chewed off way more than he should have! It was a perfect snag, both talons sunk into the back of the fish. The bird was able to pull the fish almost completely out of the water with a few extremely labored flaps before he went down. Yep, the Osprey was completely dragged under by the heavy, powerful and extremely determined fish. Amazingly, the Osprey surfaced still clutching the fish and made another attempt to conquer the beast. Dragging the fish half submerged across 10 feet of river, the bird was once again almost completely submerged. Again the Osprey surfaces, well, almost surfaces. Only one wing comes out of the water and flaps frantically. One had to wonder who was having who lunch! Unbelievably, it started to look like the fish was going to roll the Osprey under it. Sure enough, the fish came over the top and was partially in the air while the Osprey was completely submerged under it! The trout made a vicious twisting movement and the Osprey apparently thought oxygen was a better meal. It let go of the trout. The soaking wet bird laboriously returned to a nearby perch for a well-deserved rest. We all stared at each other in complete shock. Now that is one hell of a One That Got Away story!!



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Want to download free pc game

: Want to enjoy free pc game? There are number of online website which provides you unlimited and free download of latest games. Whether you're looking for PC drivers, freeware, shareware, patches, PC game downloads, or the latest updates to various software packages, you're sure to find it at one of these free PC download Web sites. Unless otherwise noted, All downloads offered are for free as always. So start downloading software. Now you can find 101 free games for your PC Pull your head out of the bargain bin for a minute and admit something to yourself. Just look at how much games cost these days.

No one afford to buy evrday a new pc game as its cost a lot and its wont be possible for us to enjoy latest games. As gaming is becoming a more expensive proposition all the time. You can easily download these games and enjoy your playing where more than a dozen games you can play for free. All these pc games have been released as free downloads by their respective publisher, developer, or creator. An online site gives you complete list of games there's not a demo, an expansion pack, or a browser-based Flash game among them. Find out good game site from all of these sites, while reputable and well-known, will not be able to prevent unscrupulous software from finding its way into your computer if you choose to download it. Make sure you have security and virus protection before downloading anything, and double-check the file download instructions to make sure that the file you are downloading will be compatible with your system. Anna Josephs is a freelance journalist having experience of many years writing articles and news releases on various topics such as pet health, automobile and social issues. She also has great interest in poetry and paintings, hence she likes to write on these subjects as well. Currently writing for this website Free PC Download Game.

For more details please contact at annajosephs@gmail. com



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Hair loss best solution

When addressing a problem, any problem, 50% of the solution is accurate diagnostic of what exactly is the problem. Such accurate diagnostic of your boldness status will supply you with the tools to fight back, stop hair loss, and regain your thick hair. Every hair follicle has life cycle of between two and six years, which ends with the hair falling and a new one replacing it. 90% of the hair is at the growing stage, ANAGEN, at this stage the hair grows about 0.3 mm everyday and it last three years. The next stage is resting, KATAGEN, at this stage the hair does not grow and stay static for three weeks. The last stage takes place when the hair falls, TELOGEN, it can take up to three months to the hair to fall. Normally, at this stage new hair is growing. The average person loses between 50 to 100 hairs daily. The hair grows about one CM a month. Blond people have more hairs, about 140,000, in compare to darker hair people who have 90,000. Old people tend to lose more hairs then growing them back.

Hair loss is usually diagnostic when large areas of the scalp are left with only thin hair. Usually people notice hair loss when they comb, or at the shower. The hair loss results from the pressure on the hairs during these activities, and not necessarily indicates that you have hair loss problem. One way to test if we are losing our hair is to pull your hair if you end up with more than 4-5 hairs in your hand you might have a problem.

Another test is counting the hairs on your pillow in the morning. More than 8 hairs are indication to serious hair loss. Women and men lose hair differently. Among men hair loss is usually related to hormones and genetics. It is a hereditary phenomenon which could jump over generations. While women, suffer from a larger variety of reasons. Hereditary is the main reason, as with men, and more reasons like: cold weather, high fever diseases, infective diseases, lack of protein, depression, high cholesterol, and more. Hairs on the pillow are usually a result of hereditary, typical men oriented.

Another symptom, is losing hair from the forehead, AGA, the hair becomes downy and thin until it completely falls off. According to popular estimations about 70% of men suffer from boldness by the age of fifty. About 25% of women under forty suffer from hair loss, and 50% over fifty suffer from thin hair look. Now you probably say: OK we need help, where can we get it? Look for natural solutions. Keep looking until you find the best one for you. Do not stop looking for you will find a good solution eventually.



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St john s wort benefits and side effects

What is St John's Wort? Extracts of Hypericum perforatum L. (St John's wort) are now successfully competing for status as a standard antidepressant therapy. Because of this, great effort has been devoted to identifying the active antidepressant compounds in the extract. From a phytochemical point of view, St John's wort is one of the best-investigated medicinal plants. Researchers in Europe have studied St John's Wort for decades.

They discovered a combination of elements in the plant, foremost of which is "hypericin", react with specific chemicals in the brain to temper emotional discomfort, lift depression, and calm the nerves. Working very much like the common synthetic prescription antidepressants (maprotiline hydrochloride and imipramine), natural extracts from St. John's Wort have shown to relax and soothe the psyche with minimal side effects St John's Wort Benefits St. Johns Wort today has been found to be very beneficial in healing wounds and is especially good for dirty, septic wounds. St. Johns Wort has been used in case of putrid leg ulcers, that noting heals. Like the leach that was used not too many years ago for wound cleansing it does not destroy the healthy tissues and healthy cells but it cleans the dirt out of septic wounds. It helps reduce the inflammation in septic sores, in boils, in cellulite and lymhangitis. The compound Hypericin was isolated from St. Johns Wort in 1942 and has been used as an anti-depressant for emotionally disturbed people. This tranquilizing quality from small quantities hypericin increase blood flow to stressed tissue. There is a reduced capillary fragility and enhanced uterine tone due to the increased Hypotensive blood flow. St John's Wort Side Effects The use of St. Johns Wort has been shown to demonstrate a side effect producing a photosensitivity. Hypericin is absorbed in the intestines and concentrates near the skin. An allergic reaction takes place when those with light fair skin are exposed sunlight. That exposure causes tissue damage and in some cases death has resulted. While taking St. Johns Wort one should avoid strong sunlight whether the skin is dark or light. There is a photosensitizing substance produced under the skin by this exposure to sunlight that causes the skin to burn. Benefits • relieves mild to moderate depression and anxiety. • promotes restful sleep. • improves capillary circulation. • increases cardiac circulation. • eases gastrointestinal distress. • relieves discomfort associated with premenstrual syndrome. • fights retroviruses.



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The myth of mental illness

"You can know the name of a bird in all the languages of the world, but when you're finished, you'll know absolutely nothing whatever about the bird… So let's look at the bird and see what it's doing – that's what counts. I learned very early the difference between knowing the name of something and knowing something." Richard Feynman, Physicist and 1965 Nobel Prize laureate (1918-1988) "You have all I dare say heard of the animal spirits and how they are transfused from father to son etcetera etcetera – well you may take my word that nine parts in ten of a man's sense or his nonsense, his successes and miscarriages in this world depend on their motions and activities, and the different tracks and trains you put them into, so that when they are once set a-going, whether right or wrong, away they go cluttering like hey-go-mad." Lawrence Sterne (1713-1758), "The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman" (1759) I. Overview Someone is considered mentally "ill" if: His conduct rigidly and consistently deviates from the typical, average behaviour of all other people in his culture and society that fit his profile (whether this conventional behaviour is moral or rational is immaterial), or His judgment and grasp of objective, physical reality is impaired, and His conduct is not a matter of choice but is innate and irresistible, and His behavior causes him or others discomfort, and is Dysfunctional, self-defeating, and self-destructive even by his own yardsticks. Descriptive criteria aside, what is the essence of mental disorders? Are they merely physiological disorders of the brain, or, more precisely of its chemistry? If so, can they be cured by restoring the balance of substances and secretions in that mysterious organ? And, once equilibrium is reinstated – is the illness "gone" or is it still lurking there, "under wraps", waiting to erupt? Are psychiatric problems inherited, rooted in faulty genes (though amplified by environmental factors) – or brought on by abusive or wrong nurturance? These questions are the domain of the "medical" school of mental health. Others cling to the spiritual view of the human psyche. They believe that mental ailments amount to the metaphysical discomposure of an unknown medium – the soul. Theirs is a holistic approach, taking in the patient in his or her entirety, as well as his milieu. The members of the functional school regard mental health disorders as perturbations in the proper, statistically "normal", behaviours and manifestations of "healthy" individuals, or as dysfunctions. The "sick" individual – ill at ease with himself (ego-dystonic) or making others unhappy (deviant) – is "mended" when rendered functional again by the prevailing standards of his social and cultural frame of reference. In a way, the three schools are akin to the trio of blind men who render disparate descriptions of the very same elephant. Still, they share not only their subject matter – but, to a counter intuitively large degree, a faulty methodology. As the renowned anti-psychiatrist, Thomas Szasz, of the State University of New York, notes in his article "The Lying Truths of Psychiatry", mental health scholars, regardless of academic predilection, infer the etiology of mental disorders from the success or failure of treatment modalities. This form of "reverse engineering" of scientific models is not unknown in other fields of science, nor is it unacceptable if the experiments meet the criteria of the scientific method. The theory must be all-inclusive (anamnetic), consistent, falsifiable, logically compatible, monovalent, and parsimonious. Psychological "theories" – even the "medical" ones (the role of serotonin and dopamine in mood disorders, for instance) – are usually none of these things. The outcome is a bewildering array of ever-shifting mental health "diagnoses" expressly centred around Western civilisation and its standards (example: the ethical objection to suicide). Neurosis, a historically fundamental "condition" vanished after 1980. Homosexuality, according to the American Psychiatric Association, was a pathology prior to 1973. Seven years later, narcissism was declared a "personality disorder", almost seven decades after it was first described by Freud. II. Personality Disorders Indeed, personality disorders are an excellent example of the kaleidoscopic landscape of "objective" psychiatry. The classification of Axis II personality disorders – deeply ingrained, maladaptive, lifelong behavior patterns – in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fourth edition, text revision [American Psychiatric Association. DSM-IV-TR, Washington, 2000] – or the DSM-IV-TR for short – has come under sustained and serious criticism from its inception in 1952, in the first edition of the DSM. The DSM IV-TR adopts a categorical approach, postulating that personality disorders are "qualitatively distinct clinical syndromes" (p. 689). This is widely doubted. Even the distinction made between "normal" and "disordered" personalities is increasingly being rejected. The "diagnostic thresholds" between normal and abnormal are either absent or weakly supported. The polythetic form of the DSM's Diagnostic Criteria – only a subset of the criteria is adequate grounds for a diagnosis – generates unacceptable diagnostic heterogeneity. In other words, people diagnosed with the same personality disorder may share only one criterion or none. The DSM fails to clarify the exact relationship between Axis II and Axis I disorders and the way chronic childhood and developmental problems interact with personality disorders. The differential diagnoses are vague and the personality disorders are insufficiently demarcated. The result is excessive co-morbidity (multiple Axis II diagnoses). The DSM contains little discussion of what distinguishes normal character (personality), personality traits, or personality style (Millon) – from personality disorders. A dearth of documented clinical experience regarding both the disorders themselves and the utility of various treatment modalities. Numerous personality disorders are "not otherwise specified" – a catchall, basket "category". Cultural bias is evident in certain disorders (such as the Antisocial and the Schizotypal). The emergence of dimensional alternatives to the categorical approach is acknowledged in the DSM-IV-TR itself: “An alternative to the categorical approach is the dimensional perspective that Personality Disorders represent maladaptive variants of personality traits that merge imperceptibly into normality and into one another” (p.689) The following issues – long neglected in the DSM – are likely to be tackled in future editions as well as in current research. But their omission from official discourse hitherto is both startling and telling: The longitudinal course of the disorder(s) and their temporal stability from early childhood onwards; The genetic and biological underpinnings of personality disorder(s); The development of personality psychopathology during childhood and its emergence in adolescence; The interactions between physical health and disease and personality disorders; The effectiveness of various treatments – talk therapies as well as psychopharmacology. III. The Biochemistry and Genetics of Mental Health Certain mental health afflictions are either correlated with a statistically abnormal biochemical activity in the brain – or are ameliorated with medication. Yet the two facts are not ineludibly facets of the same underlying phenomenon. In other words, that a given medicine reduces or abolishes certain symptoms does not necessarily mean they were caused by the processes or substances affected by the drug administered. Causation is only one of many possible connections and chains of events. To designate a pattern of behaviour as a mental health disorder is a value judgment, or at best a statistical observation. Such designation is effected regardless of the facts of brain science. Moreover, correlation is not causation. Deviant brain or body biochemistry (once called "polluted animal spirits") do exist – but are they truly the roots of mental perversion? Nor is it clear which triggers what: do the aberrant neurochemistry or biochemistry cause mental illness – or the other way around? That psychoactive medication alters behaviour and mood is indisputable. So do illicit and legal drugs, certain foods, and all interpersonal interactions. That the changes brought about by prescription are desirable – is debatable and involves tautological thinking. If a certain pattern of behaviour is described as (socially) "dysfunctional" or (psychologically) "sick" – clearly, every change would be welcomed as "healing" and every agent of transformation would be called a "cure". The same applies to the alleged heredity of mental illness. Single genes or gene complexes are frequently "associated" with mental health diagnoses, personality traits, or behaviour patterns. But too little is known to establish irrefutable sequences of causes-and-effects. Even less is proven about the interaction of nature and nurture, genotype and phenotype, the plasticity of the brain and the psychological impact of trauma, abuse, upbringing, role models, peers, and other environmental elements. Nor is the distinction between psychotropic substances and talk therapy that clear-cut. Words and the interaction with the therapist also affect the brain, its processes and chemistry - albeit more slowly and, perhaps, more profoundly and irreversibly. Medicines – as David Kaiser reminds us in "Against Biologic Psychiatry" (Psychiatric Times, Volume XIII, Issue 12, December 1996) – treat symptoms, not the underlying processes that yield them. IV. The Variance of Mental Disease If mental illnesses are bodily and empirical, they should be invariant both temporally and spatially, across cultures and societies. This, to some degree, is, indeed, the case. Psychological diseases are not context dependent – but the pathologizing of certain behaviours is. Suicide, substance abuse, narcissism, eating disorders, antisocial ways, schizotypal symptoms, depression, even psychosis are considered sick by some cultures – and utterly normative or advantageous in others. This was to be expected. The human mind and its dysfunctions are alike around the world. But values differ from time to time and from one place to another. Hence, disagreements about the propriety and desirability of human actions and inaction are bound to arise in a symptom-based diagnostic system. As long as the pseudo-medical definitions of mental health disorders continue to rely exclusively on signs and symptoms – i. e., mostly on observed or reported behaviours – they remain vulnerable to such discord and devoid of much-sought universality and rigor. V. Mental Disorders and the Social Order The mentally sick receive the same treatment as carriers of AIDS or SARS or the Ebola virus or smallpox. They are sometimes quarantined against their will and coerced into involuntary treatment by medication, psychosurgery, or electroconvulsive therapy. This is done in the name of the greater good, largely as a preventive policy. Conspiracy theories notwithstanding, it is impossible to ignore the enormous interests vested in psychiatry and psychopharmacology. The multibillion dollar industries involving drug companies, hospitals, managed healthcare, private clinics, academic departments, and law enforcement agencies rely, for their continued and exponential growth, on the propagation of the concept of "mental illness" and its corollaries: treatment and research. VI. Mental Ailment as a Useful Metaphor Abstract concepts form the core of all branches of human knowledge. No one has ever seen a quark, or untangled a chemical bond, or surfed an electromagnetic wave, or visited the unconscious. These are useful metaphors, theoretical entities with explanatory or descriptive power. "Mental health disorders" are no different. They are shorthand for capturing the unsettling quiddity of "the Other". Useful as taxonomies, they are also tools of social coercion and conformity, as Michel Foucault and Louis Althusser observed. Relegating both the dangerous and the idiosyncratic to the collective fringes is a vital technique of social engineering. The aim is progress through social cohesion and the regulation of innovation and creative destruction. Psychiatry, therefore, is reifies society's preference of evolution to revolution, or, worse still, to mayhem. As is often the case with human endeavour, it is a noble cause, unscrupulously and dogmatically pursued.



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Weight lifting exercises their affect on different muscle fibers

Weight lifting exercises cause your muscles to generate heat and strength. Your muscles need to be strong, in order to help you move, breathe and so on. This article on weight lifting exercises will look at the relationship between the exercises you use when weight lifting and your muscles. Your actual muscle tissue is made up of 2 types of muscle fibers, actin, which are a slim fiber and myosin which are substantially thicker. Both of these fiber types help to give your muscles a striated look about them. When performing any exercises used in weight lifting the muscle being exercised must be able to contract properly. To do this they need to become stimulated by motor neurons. These are simply nerves. One motor neuron and the muscle fibers stimulated during exercises used during weight lifting activities are called a motor unit. These motor units or muscle fibers play a large part in the force your muscles can produce during a contraction. The more motor units you can activate during your weight lifting exercises the stronger the contraction. Meaning you'll be able to lift a greater amount of weight for an increased number of repetitions. Your muscle fibers are categorized as Type I, Type IIa and Type IIb muscle fibers. The more common term for muscle fibers are "fast" and "slow" twitch. When performing high rep weight training exercises it's your slow twitch muscle fibers (Type I) that will be recruited to do the majority of the work. Your body uses this type of muscle fiber when endurance activities, aerobic activity or high rep sets are used. Fast twitch muscle fibers (Type IIa and Type Iib) are used by your body during explosive contractions. It's these fibers that have the greatest potential for growth resulting from the weight lifting exercises you perform. Your body will used fast twitch muscle fibers during high-intensity, short-duration exercises such as weight lifting exercises that use heavy weight for very low reps, or sprinting. People who seem to be able to build muscle at will when performing almost any weight lifting exercises, usually will have an unusually large number of fast twitch muscle fibers in their body. In the majority of people the muscle fiber make-up in each muscle group will be relatively equal in most muscle groups. Therefore you need to recruit both slow twitch and fast twitch fibers at some point in your exercise program. One exception to the rule of equal types of muscle fibers is when it comes to your hamstrings. The hamstring muscles in the vast majority of people tend to be made up of mostly fast twitch muscle fibers. For that reason, when performing weight exercises for your hamstrings, you should try to use heavier weights for a lower number of reps. Now, when executing any weight training exercises your muscles will go through a few different actions. There are isometric, eccentric, concentric, and isotonic portions of most weight lifting exercises; Isometric contractions can best be described as the same stress your muscle would go through when pushing against a wall. The lifting portion of weight training exercises such as a dumbbell bicep curl is known as the concentric contraction. Lowering the dumbbell in a controlled fashion is the eccentric portion. The more common terms for this part of weight training exercises are positive (concentric) and negative (eccentric). The fourth type of contraction that can occur during weight exercises is the isotonic contraction. This can occur more commonly during plyometric training.



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How different types of water filters work

According to reports around 7 million American people use contaminated tap water for drinking. Now people are becoming more conscious of using filtered water. But many research studies indicate that filtered bottled water is also of tap water quality. There are many conventional ways where people are using filtered water. The following are some of the main ways to get filtered water. 1.Use of water pitchers is a simple, cheap and easy method. You can fill the pitcher with tap water and allow it to filter. But this process takes a lot of time to filter a liter of water. This is not a proper method for immediate use. 2.Use of Faucet Mounted Water Filters is a cheap and convenient method of obtaining filtered water. The filter is connected to a water faucet and by turning the tap, filtered water comes out. The cartridge needs to be replaced every month. 3.Use of under sink water filters is better than the above two methods because the whole setup is closed. For better performance, the filters are to be installed by professionals, as the cartridges need to be used for filtration purposes. The cartridges need to be replaced every six months. For an average person this system is not feasible. 4.Whole house water filtration systems filter every faucet in the home and it is better than under sink units. The cartridges need to be replaced every six months. 5.Use of reverse osmosis water filters is very popular. It is less expensive and more effective. The filter systems are available in the market today. The reverse osmosis water filter wastes 5 gallons of water for every gallon of water filtered. Reverse Osmosis Water filtration system is best among the above because even the smallest particles are filtered out These are some of the choices for obtaining filtered water for your home. You can buy the suitable filtration system as per your requirement. There are lots of websites which sell these water filters, and the rates differ from company to company.



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Desktop security software risks part 1

This is the second in a series of articles highlighting reasons why we need a new model for anti-virus and security solutions. Reason #2: the Desktop Security Software Risks The risks of placing software on the desktop are such that I will be breaking this article into two parts. Fundamentally we think of having software on our desktops as a good thing. I love downloading or installing new packages and seeing what new creative things people do to the user interface or what they do to make certain aspects of my life easier or more fun. But there are problems inherent with software that resides on the desktop, especially security software. All developers will know what I mean. First and foremost, desktop software can be reverse engineered. What’s that mean? Have you ever inadvertently double-clicked on a file and had garbage show up or seen something that looks similar to this? http:// checkinmyemail. com/Articles/image001.jpg The old hex dump. Programmers will know it well. We actually spend a good deal of time trying to read this stuff. Basically, if there are programs that can (and do) turn instructions like the following If UserBirthDate < “01/01/1960” then IsReallyOld = “Yes Else IsReallyOld = “No” End If into something like the picture above, then the reverse is true: people have developed software that can take that gobbeldy-gook in the picture above and turn it somewhat into the if-statement I wrote out. The reversing software won’t know that I had an item called UserBirthDate, but it will know I was testing for a value of January 1, 1960 and it will be able to say that based on that value I set another item to Yes or No. So now we install our fool-proof anti-virus software on our desktop (or our firewall for that matter). Well, so too can a virus author. And that virus author or hacker will also have gotten a copy of the latest reverse-engineering software from his local hacking site. He now goes upon his task of reverse-engineering the software and then trying to decipher the results. It’s not easy but it can be done. Unfortunately, vendors know this and understand this as an acceptable risk. The problem here is that your security software is at risk. If your vendor codes an error, the virus author can and will detect it. For example, if your vendor should exclude a file from scanning, it’s possible the virus author will figure out which file (or type of file) that is and bury his code there. If the vendor excludes files from scanning or heuristics, it’s possible that virus author will figure out a way to corrupt that file. That being said, there are other risks. As we have said, once software is on the desktop it affords virus authors an opportunity to reverse-engineer security software. The knowledge that reverse-engineering provides is invaluable to a virus author when building his next software attack. Third, virus authors can learn where the anti-virus vendors put there software and put the links to their software (directory folders, registry entries, etc.). This too is invaluable information. In fact, in some ways it teaches people intent on writing malicious software clues as to how to infiltrate the computers’ operating system, where registry entries need to be made to force software to be loaded every time a computer is started, etc. This information is generally available all over the web and in manuals for operating systems, especially manuals on such subjects as the Windows Registry. But having the software teach you where things belong to be effective is powerful knowledge. Lastly, and perhaps most significantly, is the issue of forebearance. The anti-virus vendors usually know more about the potential exploits inherent in programs than virus authors but they are bound by the fact that should they try to prevent them before the exploits occur, they could be branded as irresponsible for teaching virus authors about these very exploits. For example, when Microsoft first released the macro capabilities of Word, anti-virus vendors immediately realized the potential for danger in macros, but they were handcuffed. If they released software that disabled macros before the first macro virus was ever released, they would signal to virus authors the inherent destructive powers of macros. They chose instead to wait, handcuffed by the limitations of desktop software. Until the Internet there really has been no better medium for delivering virus solutions than desktop software. It was relatively inexpensive to deploy (either market the software and sell it in stores or provide free downloads on bulletin boards and web sites). It is, however, expensive to keep updated in terms of time and effort, even with automated update systems. The Internet caused several things to happen: by becoming a powerful medium for sharing files, whole families of viruses disappeared practically overnight (boot sector viruses, for example); by becoming the option of choice for sharing files, it was easier to infect a single file and have thousands download it. A better solution is to place the security software in an offsite appliance of its own making. All Internet, intranet, networking connections flow through the appliance. Selling off the shelf hardware appliances with built-in security software is better than a desktop software solution but it still suffers – to a lesser extent - from the pratfalls that desktop software falls prey to. Even better is to create a service that a 3rd party vendor manages in a secure environment. In such an instance both the software and the hardware are away from the prying eyes of the malicious software authors. This further reduces the opportunity for malicious authors to discover the tricks and techniques employed by the security vendors to protect you.



Online Desktop security software risks part 1

4 computer money saving tips

Here are four tips that’ll save you money when buying your next computer. Tip #1 -- Rebates: A rebate is not always a bargain. Computers with rebates are often close to being discontinued. You may pick up a good deal or purchase technology that's about to become yesterday’s news. What's more, stores will often package computers with a bunch of free items to make it look like you're getting more value. Chances are the extras are either poor quality or items you're unlikely to use. Also, they’re counting on you to not redeem your rebate, a very common occurrence. Tip #2 -- Extended Service Warrantees: Buyer Beware! They're a gamble, but not always a bad idea. If you're purchasing a laptop and you plan to travel a lot, an extended warranty that covers replacement of the monitor/display can be a good gamble.

Replacing a display can cost $400-$600, making the warranty worthwhile. On the other hand, if you plan on buying the warranty for routine maintenance; save your money. Oftentimes it can take weeks for the store to send your PC out for service. Also, remember the store where you purchased your computer does not always do warranty work during the first year, instead you may have to ship it directly to the manufacturer. In general, extended warranties cover electronics [things you can't see]. They don't usually cover physical damage.

Most extended warranties have large gray areas, leaving the warranty provider a lot of room to reject claims. Tip #3 -- Monitors: Don’t throw away your monitor if it's still working properly. Instead, keep it and save a chunk of money by just replacing your old CPU [computer tower]. Monitors last much longer than CPUs and the technology is usually compatible between your old monitor and the new CPU. However, if you’re dissatisfied, then monitors, keyboards and mouses are the three tools to spend extra money on, since you use them every day! Tip #4 -- Networking: How are you connecting to the Internet? If you're using a high speed Internet connection, such as cable broadband or DSL, you'll want to make sure you have a network card built into your system. If you have a wireless network at home or at the office, save money and installation time by buying the wireless card built right into the computer.



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Vintage costume jewelry yesterday s fashion today

Jewelry, whether fine or costume, has been a part of human culture since the earliest times. People wear jewelry to satisfy their vanity, to indulge their love for beautiful things, and to look good to others. Vintage costume jewelry fulfills all these criteria, but at a fraction of the cost of real or fine jewelry. It is an inexpensive alternative that does not sacrifice taste as well as style. Vintage costume jewelry may be less expensive, but good quality ones are never seen as cheap.

They are less costly because they are not made from precious gems. Designers of vintage costume jewelry use a variety of materials from cut glass, beads, semi-precious gems, faux gems -- even plastic! These pieces were created and released since the start of the Victorian era up to the 1960s. Vintage costume jewelry from the 1940s and 1950s are especially creative and eye-catching, since the designers of the era had to produce relatively inexpensive yet fashionable items that men and women could afford and appreciate during the war and post-war era. Some of the most popular designers of vintage costume jewelry were fashion guru Coco Chanel, Elsa Schiaparelli and Miriam Haskell. Many of Schiaparelli’s bright and attractive creations were made from multi-colored rhinestones. Haskell, in her finely detailed work, almost always paid tribute to nature’s beauty and bounty. Chanel, the favorite of many celebrities, transformed the way costume jewelry was worn in the 1920s. Other pieces of vintage costume jewelry were made from materials that included beads, corals, faux pearls, and Bakelite -- a kind of polymeric plastic. Vintage costume jewelry continues to be very much in vogue today, and it has inspired many designers to create ‘real’ pieces made from precious gems and metals. At the 2005 Academy Awards, the jewelry that many women celebrities wore were oversized and sparkly, a tribute to the jewelry designs of the 1940s. Stars such as Madonna, Britney Spears, and Julia Roberts are not only collectors of vintage costume jewelry and dress accessories; they actually wear them in public, too. A person does not have to be a celebrity to appreciate vintage costume jewelry. Their uniqueness, aesthetic value and superb craftsmanship make them popular collectible items, and with proper care, they can be a good investment, too, since serious collectors will pay top dollar for vintage costume jewelry that is in mint condition. But more than that, the experience of owning and wearing a thing of beauty that comes from a bygone era is simply priceless.



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